Matter, Antimatter, and Dark Matter

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Publisher : World Scientific
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9789812776808
Pages : 269 pages
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Summary Book Review Matter, Antimatter, and Dark Matter :

Download or read book Matter, Antimatter, and Dark Matter written by Roberto Battiston and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2002 with total page 269 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book presents the progress in cosmic ray physics following the recent results obtained by balloon, satellite and underground experiments. The following topics are reviewed: Composition and propagation of cosmic rays, trapping of charged particles in the earth''s magnetic field, atmospheric neutrinos, and high energy photon measurements in space.

Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789400772410
Pages : 136 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (7 users download)


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Summary Book Review Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe :

Download or read book Sources and Detection of Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe written by David Cline and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-11-25 with total page 136 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: These proceedings provide the latest results on dark matter and dark energy research. The UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy hosted its tenth Dark Matter and Dark Energy conference in Marina del Rey and brought together all the leaders in the field. The symposium provided a scientific forum for the latest discussions in the field. Topics covered at the symposium: •Status of measurements of the equation of state of dark energy and new experiments •The search for missing energy events at the LHC and implications for dark matter search •Theoretical calculations on all forms of dark matter (SUSY, axions, sterile neutrinos, etc.) •Status of the indirect search for dark matter •Status of the direct search for dark matter in detectors around the world •The low-mass wimp search region •The next generation of very large dark matter detectors •New underground laboratories for dark matter search

Dark Matter, Neutrinos, and Our Solar System

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Publisher : World Scientific
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ISBN 10 : 9789814304535
Pages : 674 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (143 users download)


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Summary Book Review Dark Matter, Neutrinos, and Our Solar System :

Download or read book Dark Matter, Neutrinos, and Our Solar System written by Nirmala Prakash and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2013 with total page 674 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Dark Matter, Neutrinos, and Our Solar System is a unique enterprise that portrays the connection between cosmology, particle and nuclear physics, and atmospheric and terrestrial physics. Constituents of dark matter (classified as hot, warm and cold) are studied in detail with regard to their individual structures (baryonic and non-baryonic, massive and non-massive, interacting and non-interacting) and their detection facilities. Neutrinos (an important component of dark matter) are treated as a separate entity. A detailed study describes these elusive particles researched from the year 1913, as byproducts of beta-decay — until the discovery in 2007 that their flavors were not more than three (as considered by some).The last chapter of the book is unique as it deals with real-time stories, describing the “regions” that were not explored thus far for lack of advanced technology. Their untold fascinating stories (which span up to 2009) are illustrated here datewise in full detail.

What Is Dark Matter?

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Publisher : Princeton University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780691148342
Pages : 192 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (911 users download)


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Summary Book Review What Is Dark Matter? :

Download or read book What Is Dark Matter? written by Peter Fisher and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2022-07-12 with total page 192 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What we know about dark matter and what we have yet to discover Astronomical observations have confirmed dark matter’s existence, but what exactly is dark matter? In What Is Dark Matter?, particle physicist Peter Fisher introduces readers to one of the most intriguing frontiers of physics. We cannot actually see dark matter, a mysterious, nonluminous form of matter that is believed to account for about 27 percent of the mass-energy balance in the universe. But we know dark matter is present by observing its ghostly gravitational effects on the behavior and evolution of galaxies. Fisher brings readers quickly up to speed regarding the current state of the dark matter problem, offering relevant historical context as well as a close look at the cutting-edge research focused on revealing dark matter’s true nature. Could dark matter be a new type of particle—an axion or a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP)—or something else? What have physicists ruled out so far—and why? What experimental searches are now underway and planned for the near future, in hopes of detecting dark matter on Earth or in space? Fisher explores these questions and more, illuminating what is known and unknown, and what a triumph it will be when scientists discover dark matter’s identity at last.

Cosmic Rays and Dark Matter

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ISBN 10 : UCLA:L0091275206
Pages : 262 pages
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Summary Book Review Cosmic Rays and Dark Matter :

Download or read book Cosmic Rays and Dark Matter written by Yasushi Muraki and published by . This book was released on 2004 with total page 262 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Searching for Dark Matter with Cosmic Gamma Rays

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Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
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ISBN 10 : 9781681742700
Pages : 70 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (817 users download)


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Summary Book Review Searching for Dark Matter with Cosmic Gamma Rays :

Download or read book Searching for Dark Matter with Cosmic Gamma Rays written by Andrea Albert and published by Morgan & Claypool Publishers. This book was released on 2016-09-06 with total page 70 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Searching for Dark Matter with Cosmic Gamma Rays summarizes the evidence for dark matter and what we can learn about its particle nature using cosmic gamma rays. It has almost been 100 years since Fritz Zwicky first detected hints that most of the matter in the Universe that doesn't directly emit or reflect light. Since then, the observational evidence for dark matter has continued to grow. Dark matter may be a new kind of particle that is governed by physics beyond our Standard Model of particle physics. In many models, dark matter annihilation or decay produces gamma rays. There are a variety of instruments observing the gamma-ray sky from tens of MeV to hundreds of TeV. Some make deep, focused observations of small regions, while others provide coverage of the entire sky. Each experiment offers complementary sensitivity to dark matter searches in a variety of target sizes, locations, and dark matter mass scales. We review results from recent gamma-ray experiments including anomalies some have attributed to dark matter. We also discuss how our gamma-ray observations complement other dark matter searches and the prospects for future experiments.

Dark Matter in the Universe

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Publisher : World Scientific
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ISBN 10 : 9789812567185
Pages : 246 pages
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Summary Book Review Dark Matter in the Universe :

Download or read book Dark Matter in the Universe written by John N. Bahcall and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 2004 with total page 246 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: If standard gravitational theory is correct, then most of the matterin the universe is in an unidentified form which does not emit enoughlight to have been detected by current instrumentation. This book isthe second editon of the lectures given at the 4th Jerusalem WinterSchool for Theoretical Physics, with new material added. The lecturesare devoted to the missing matter problem in the universe, thesearch to understand dark matter. The goal of this volume is to makecurrent research work on unseen matter accessible to students withoutprior experience in this area and to provide insights for experts inrelated research fields. Due to the pedagogical nature of the originallectures and the intense discussions between the lecturers and thestudents, the written lectures included in this volume often containtechniques and explanations not found in more formal journalpublications.

Cosmic Rays in the Galaxy, Black Holes, Dark Matter and Dark Energy

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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105131929684
Pages : 230 pages
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Summary Book Review Cosmic Rays in the Galaxy, Black Holes, Dark Matter and Dark Energy :

Download or read book Cosmic Rays in the Galaxy, Black Holes, Dark Matter and Dark Energy written by Jörg R. Hörandel and published by . This book was released on 2008 with total page 230 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The Role of Halo Substructure in Gamma-Ray Dark Matter Searches

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Publisher : MDPI
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ISBN 10 : 9783039360444
Pages : 220 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (393 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Role of Halo Substructure in Gamma-Ray Dark Matter Searches :

Download or read book The Role of Halo Substructure in Gamma-Ray Dark Matter Searches written by Miguel A. Sánchez-Conde and published by MDPI. This book was released on 2020-05-28 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An important, open research topic today is to understand the relevance that dark matter halo substructure may have for dark matter searches. In the standard cosmological model, halo substructure or subhalos are predicted to be largely abundant inside larger halos, for example, galaxies such as ours, and are thought to form first and later merge to form larger structures. Dwarf satellite galaxies—the most massive exponents of halo substructure in our own galaxy—are already known to be excellent targets for dark matter searches, and indeed, they are constantly scrutinized by current gamma-ray experiments in the search for dark matter signals. Lighter subhalos not massive enough to have a visible counterpart of stars and gas may be good targets as well, given their typical abundances and distances. In addition, the clumpy distribution of subhalos residing in larger halos may boost the dark matter signals considerably. In an era in which gamma-ray experiments possess, for the first time, the exciting potential to put to test the preferred dark matter particle theories, a profound knowledge of dark matter astrophysical targets and scenarios is mandatory should we aim for accurate predictions of dark matter-induced fluxes for investing significant telescope observing time on selected targets and for deriving robust conclusions from our dark matter search efforts. In this regard, a precise characterization of the statistical and structural properties of subhalos becomes critical. In this Special Issue, we aim to summarize where we stand today on our knowledge of the different aspects of the dark matter halo substructure; to identify what are the remaining big questions, and how we could address these; and, by doing so, to find new avenues for research.

Life and the Aura of Perpetual Impermanence: The Dark Matter Inhabiter, the Pawn, and the Normal Matter Computer Brain

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Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
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ISBN 10 : 9781483493022
Pages : pages
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Summary Book Review Life and the Aura of Perpetual Impermanence: The Dark Matter Inhabiter, the Pawn, and the Normal Matter Computer Brain :

Download or read book Life and the Aura of Perpetual Impermanence: The Dark Matter Inhabiter, the Pawn, and the Normal Matter Computer Brain written by Holly Marie Pollard-Wright and published by Lulu Press, Inc. This book was released on 2019-02-01 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The reader takes a journey through black holes, nerve terminals, the computer brain, and the psyche. Based on years of analyzing scientific theory and spiritual teachings, the author has written a work that explains difficult concepts that shape and unify the universe. Throughout the book, the author highlights how dark energy and normal energy interact with the universe, how these forms of energy differ, and how individual structures of the computer brain have their own programs. A key point is that everything that constitutes our reality is, in actuality, energy forms interacting. Using the Wachowskis’ Matrix movies to bridge between the scientific and the theoretical, the movies take place in a world where “reality” is the product of a projection by artificial intelligence. Life and the Aura of Perpetual Impermanence is a fascinating metaphysical treatise on the nature of the universe and our existence—one that helps us understand how we exist within our realities.

Dark Matter

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Publisher : CRC Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781466572119
Pages : 271 pages
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Summary Book Review Dark Matter :

Download or read book Dark Matter written by Debasish Majumdar and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2014-08-27 with total page 271 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Dark Matter: An Introduction tackles the rather recent but fast-growing subject of astroparticle physics, encompassing three main areas of fundamental physics: cosmology, particle physics, and astrophysics. Accordingly, the book discusses symmetries, conservation laws, relativity, and cosmological parameters and measurements, as well as the astrophysical behaviors of galaxies and galaxy clusters that indicate the presence of dark matter and the possible nature of dark matter distribution. This succinct yet comprehensive volume: Addresses all aspects essential to the study of dark matter Explores particle candidates for cold dark matter beyond the theory of the standard model, providing examples of basic extensions and introducing theories such as supersymmetry and extra dimensions Explains—in simple text and mathematical formulations—calculation of the freeze-out temperature of a dark matter species and its relic density Provides theoretical background for dark matter scattering off a target, event rate calculation, and dark matter annihilation essential to study direct and indirect detection of dark matter Complete with a detailed review of the latest dark matter experiments and techniques, Dark Matter: An Introduction is an ideal text for beginning researchers in the field as well as for general readers with an inquisitive mind, as the important topic of astroparticle physics is treated both pedagogically and with deeper insight.

Particle Physics and Cosmology: Dark Matter

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Publisher : Elsevier
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ISBN 10 : 9780444596093
Pages : 382 pages
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Summary Book Review Particle Physics and Cosmology: Dark Matter :

Download or read book Particle Physics and Cosmology: Dark Matter written by M. Srednicki and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2012-12-02 with total page 382 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: At least eighty percent of the mass of the universe consists of some material which, unlike ordinary matter, neither emits nor absorbs light. This book collects key papers related to the discovery of this astonishing fact and its profound implications for astrophysics, cosmology, and the physics of elementary particles. The book focuses on the likely possibility that the dark matter is composed of an as yet undiscovered elementary particle, and examines the boundaries of our present knowledge of the properties such a particle must possess.

An Introduction to Particle Dark Matter

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Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
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ISBN 10 : 9781786340030
Pages : 288 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (863 users download)


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Summary Book Review An Introduction to Particle Dark Matter :

Download or read book An Introduction to Particle Dark Matter written by Stefano Profumo and published by World Scientific Publishing Company. This book was released on 2017-02-23 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is the dark matter that fills the Universe and binds together galaxies? How was it produced? What are its interactions and particle properties? The paradigm of dark matter is one of the key developments at the interface of cosmology and elementary particle physics. It is also one of the foundations of the standard cosmological model. This book presents the state of the art in building and testing particle models for dark matter. Each chapter gives an analysis of questions, research directions, and methods within the field. More than 200 problems are included to challenge and stimulate the reader's knowledge and provide guidance in the practical implementation of the numerous "tools of the trade" presented. Appendices summarize the basics of cosmology and particle physics needed for any quantitative understanding of particle models for dark matter. This interdisciplinary textbook is essential reading for anyone interested in the microscopic nature of dark matter as it manifests itself in particle physics experiments, cosmological observations, and high-energy astrophysical phenomena: from graduate students and advanced undergraduates to cosmologists and astrophysicists interested in particle models for dark matter and particle physicists interested in early-universe cosmology and high-energy astrophysics. Request Inspection Copy

Search for Dark Matter with the ATLAS Detector

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9783319950167
Pages : 282 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (199 users download)


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Summary Book Review Search for Dark Matter with the ATLAS Detector :

Download or read book Search for Dark Matter with the ATLAS Detector written by Johanna Gramling and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-08-01 with total page 282 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book discusses searches for Dark Matter at the CERN’s LHC, the world’s most powerful accelerator. It introduces the relevant theoretical framework and includes an in-depth discussion of the Effective Field Theory approach to Dark Matter production and its validity, as well as an overview of the formalism of Simplified Dark Matter models. Despite overwhelming astrophysical evidence for Dark Matter and numerous experimental efforts to detect it, the nature of Dark Matter still remains a mystery and has become one of the hottest research topics in fundamental physics. Two searches for Dark Matter are presented, performed on data collected with the ATLAS experiment. They analyze missing-energy final states with a jet or with top quarks. The analyses are explained in detail, and the outcomes and their interpretations are discussed, also in view of the precedent analysis of theoretical approaches. Given its depth of coverage, the book represents an excellent reference guide for all physicists interested in understanding the theoretical and experimental considerations relevant to Dark Matter searches at the LHC.

Signatures of Dark Matter

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ISBN 10 : UCAL:C3445520
Pages : 476 pages
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Summary Book Review Signatures of Dark Matter :

Download or read book Signatures of Dark Matter written by Edward Anthony Baltz and published by . This book was released on 2000 with total page 476 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Our Universe Via Drexler Dark Matter

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Publisher : Universal-Publishers
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ISBN 10 : 9781599428871
Pages : 283 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (994 users download)


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Summary Book Review Our Universe Via Drexler Dark Matter :

Download or read book Our Universe Via Drexler Dark Matter written by Jerome Drexler and published by Universal-Publishers. This book was released on 2009 with total page 283 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is different from all other modern cosmology books in several ways. It introduces a cosmologic universe, which is orderly, logical, and systematic. It teaches and explains by illustrating how a variety of cosmic mysteries have been solved. It raises the status of dark matter in the universe by illuminating its roles as the principal source of energy, the principal source of matter in the form of hydrogen and helium, and the principal source of cosmic relationships with the principal cosmic phenomena of the universe. This book simplifies the universe as Nicolaus Copernicus' book simplified the solar system in 1543. With more and more cosmic mysteries being discovered and the slow progress in solving them, cosmologists and astrophysicists must re-train themselves to understand and to utilize the postmodern unified astrophysical cosmology model and to maximize the knowledge derived from the astronomical data. These are the three principal objectives of this book.

Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos

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Publisher : National Academies Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780309074063
Pages : 223 pages
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Summary Book Review Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos :

Download or read book Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos written by National Research Council and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 2003-04-12 with total page 223 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Advances made by physicists in understanding matter, space, and time and by astronomers in understanding the universe as a whole have closely intertwined the question being asked about the universe at its two extremesâ€"the very large and the very small. This report identifies 11 key questions that have a good chance to be answered in the next decade. It urges that a new research strategy be created that brings to bear the techniques of both astronomy and sub-atomic physics in a cross-disciplinary way to address these questions. The report presents seven recommendations to facilitate the necessary research and development coordination. These recommendations identify key priorities for future scientific projects critical for realizing these scientific opportunities.