Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789400921054
Pages : 365 pages
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Summary Book Review Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars :

Download or read book Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars written by L.A. Willson and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 365 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Fundamental unsolved problems of stellar astrophysics include the effects of angular momentum on stellar structure and evolution, the nature and efficiency of the processes by which angular momentum is redistributed within and lost from stars, and the role that stellar rotation plays in enhancing or driving stellar mass loss. There appears to be a qualitative change in the nature and efficiency of these mechanisms near spectral type FO: hotter (more massive) stars typically retain more angular momentum at least until they reach the main sequence, while cooler stars typically spin down quickly. For the hotter stars, recent work suggests a strong link between the type of pulsation behavior, the mass loss rates, and the rotation velocity. If the same mechanisms are able to drive mass loss from the main sequence A stars, as has recently been proposed, then the current interpretations of a number of observations will be drastically affected: e. g. the ages of clusters may be incorrect by up to a factor of two, and the surface abundances of isotopes of He, Li and Be may no longer give constraints on cosmological nucleosynthesis. There are also effects on the evolution of the abundances of elements in the interstellar medium and on the general evolution of populations of stars. Thus the questions of the mechanisms of angular momentum and mass loss of stars more massive than the sun is important not only for stellar studies but for the foundations of much of modern astrophysics.

Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9401074461
Pages : 365 pages
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Summary Book Review Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars :

Download or read book Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars written by L.A. Willson and published by Springer. This book was released on 2011-09-28 with total page 365 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Fundamental unsolved problems of stellar astrophysics include the effects of angular momentum on stellar structure and evolution, the nature and efficiency of the processes by which angular momentum is redistributed within and lost from stars, and the role that stellar rotation plays in enhancing or driving stellar mass loss. There appears to be a qualitative change in the nature and efficiency of these mechanisms near spectral type FO: hotter (more massive) stars typically retain more angular momentum at least until they reach the main sequence, while cooler stars typically spin down quickly. For the hotter stars, recent work suggests a strong link between the type of pulsation behavior, the mass loss rates, and the rotation velocity. If the same mechanisms are able to drive mass loss from the main sequence A stars, as has recently been proposed, then the current interpretations of a number of observations will be drastically affected: e. g. the ages of clusters may be incorrect by up to a factor of two, and the surface abundances of isotopes of He, Li and Be may no longer give constraints on cosmological nucleosynthesis. There are also effects on the evolution of the abundances of elements in the interstellar medium and on the general evolution of populations of stars. Thus the questions of the mechanisms of angular momentum and mass loss of stars more massive than the sun is important not only for stellar studies but for the foundations of much of modern astrophysics.

The Origin of Nonradiative Heating/momentum in Hot Stars

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ISBN 10 : UCAL:C3181632
Pages : 254 pages
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Summary Book Review The Origin of Nonradiative Heating/momentum in Hot Stars :

Download or read book The Origin of Nonradiative Heating/momentum in Hot Stars written by Anne Barbara Underhill and published by . This book was released on 1985 with total page 254 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Reports on Astronomy

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401133647
Pages : 619 pages
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Summary Book Review Reports on Astronomy :

Download or read book Reports on Astronomy written by Derek McNally and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 619 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: IAU Transactions are published as a volume corresponding to each General Assembly. Volume A is produced prior to the Assembly and contains Reports on Astronomy, prepared by each Commission President. The intention is to summarize the astronomical results that have affected the work of the Commission since the production of the previous Reports up to a time which is about one year prior to the General Assembly. Volume B is produced after the Assembly and contains accounts of Commission Meetings which were held, together with other material. The reports included in the present volume range from outline summaries to lengthy compilations and references.

Cosmic Magnetic Fields (IAU S259)

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0521889901
Pages : 716 pages
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Summary Book Review Cosmic Magnetic Fields (IAU S259) :

Download or read book Cosmic Magnetic Fields (IAU S259) written by International Astronomical Union. Symposium and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2009-06-11 with total page 716 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: IAU Symposium 259 presents the first interdisciplinary, comprehensive review of the role of cosmic magnetic fields, involving astronomers and physicists from across the community. Offering both theoretical and observational topics ranging from Earth's habitability to the origin of the universe, this is an invaluable summary for researchers and graduate students.

Clumping in Hot-star Winds

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Publisher : Universitätsverlag Potsdam
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ISBN 10 : 9783940793331
Pages : 262 pages
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Summary Book Review Clumping in Hot-star Winds :

Download or read book Clumping in Hot-star Winds written by Wolf-Rainer Hamann and published by Universitätsverlag Potsdam. This book was released on 2008 with total page 262 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The Infrared Spectral Region of Stars

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0521404215
Pages : 446 pages
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Summary Book Review The Infrared Spectral Region of Stars :

Download or read book The Infrared Spectral Region of Stars written by Carlos Jaschek and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1991-09-19 with total page 446 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a review of the work in progress on the infrared spectral region of stars. The most important previous mission, the Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) was launched in 1983. Although it was only operating for one year, in that time it surveyed the whole sky for infrared emitters of many different kinds providing a fundamental catalogue of thousands of objects. As a consequence of its success, a new mission to observe the infrared sky is being planned. The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is scheduled for a launch in May 1993. It should add substantially to our knowledge of the stars. The volume is based on the proceedings of an international conference held in Montpellier, France. It provided an excellent forum for the experts in the field to get together and evaluate the status of current knowledge and analyse the instrumentation.

Angular Momentum Evolution of Young Stars

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401135801
Pages : 465 pages
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Summary Book Review Angular Momentum Evolution of Young Stars :

Download or read book Angular Momentum Evolution of Young Stars written by S Catalano and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 465 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book reports the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "An gular Momentum Evolution of Young Stars" held from 17 to 21 September 1990 at Noto, Italy. The workshop had its immediate origin in a discussion about the availability of stel lar rotation data, that took place in 1987 at Viana do Castelo Portugal during the NATO meeting, Formation and Evolution of Low Mass Stars. We recognized that nearly 20 years had passed since the last meeting on stellar rotation and that significant progress in the observation of rotation rates in low mass stars had been made. During the last 20 years, new efficient instrumentation (CCD and photon counting de tectors and echelle spectrographs) and new analysis techniques (profile Fourier analysis) have allowed us to measure rotational velocities as low as 1-2 km/s and to reach low mass stars in young clusters. Even with these advances, rotational velocities of low mass stars would have remained challenging to determine if all single, low mass stars later than GO had rotational velocities of order or less than 10 km/sec. Evidence that this is not always the case was first provided by the photometric variability data obtained by van Leeuwen and Alphenaar for K dwarfs in the Pleiades and more recently by the vsini measurements of low mass stars in several young clusters.

Old Stellar Populations

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9783527665549
Pages : 538 pages
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Summary Book Review Old Stellar Populations :

Download or read book Old Stellar Populations written by Santi Cassisi and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2013-08-29 with total page 538 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book discusses the theoretical path to decoding the information gathered from observations of old stellar systems. It focuses on old stellar systems because these are the fossil record of galaxy formation and provide invaluable information ont he evolution of cosmic structures and the universe as a whole. The aim is to present results obtained in the past few years for theoretical developments in low mass star research and in advances in our knowledge of the evolution of old stellar systems. A particularly representative case is the recent discovery of multiple stellar populations in galactic globular clusters that represents one of the hottest topics in stellar and galactic astrophysics and is discussed in detail. Santi Cassisi has authored about 270 scientific papers, 150 of them in peer-reviewed journals, and the title Evolution of Stars and Stellar Populations.

The Art of Modeling Stars in the 21st Century (IAU S252)

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0521889839
Pages : 506 pages
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Summary Book Review The Art of Modeling Stars in the 21st Century (IAU S252) :

Download or read book The Art of Modeling Stars in the 21st Century (IAU S252) written by International Astronomical Union. Symposium and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2008-12-18 with total page 506 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stellar models are the very basic building blocks with which we build up our knowledge of the Universe. New numerical experiments are heralding a new level of sophistication in our ability to model, and understand, how stars work. This volume provides an overview and the most recent advances in modelling of stellar structure and evolution. Modelling of stars relies on our understanding of the detailed physical processes happening in stars, and the most recent observations of stars made by modern large telescopes and current high technologies. IAU Symposium 252 presents the most recent developments in five key areas, including: improvements of the physical ingredients of stellar models; the evolution of low and intermediate mass stars; the evolution of massive stars; close binary evolution; and stellar physics in the era of very large telescopes. This overview of stellar research is at a level suitable for research astronomers and graduate students.

Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9783540769491
Pages : 832 pages
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Summary Book Review Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars :

Download or read book Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars written by Andre Maeder and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2008-12-19 with total page 832 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Rotation is ubiquitous at each step of stellar evolution, from star formation to the final stages, and it affects the course of evolution, the timescales and nucleosynthesis. Stellar rotation is also an essential prerequisite for the occurrence of Gamma-Ray Bursts. In this book the author thoroughly examines the basic mechanical and thermal effects of rotation, their influence on mass loss by stellar winds, the effects of differential rotation and its associated instabilities, the relation with magnetic fields and the evolution of the internal and surface rotation. Further, he discusses the numerous observational signatures of rotational effects obtained from spectroscopy and interferometric observations, as well as from chemical abundance determinations, helioseismology and asteroseismology, etc. On an introductory level, this book presents in a didactical way the basic concepts of stellar structure and evolution in "track 1" chapters. The other more specialized chapters form an advanced course on the graduate level and will further serve as a valuable reference work for professional astrophysicists.

Asteroseismology

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9781402058035
Pages : 866 pages
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Summary Book Review Asteroseismology :

Download or read book Asteroseismology written by C. Aerts and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2010-01-19 with total page 866 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Understanding the stars is the bedrock of modern astrophysics. Stars are the source of life. The chemical enrichment of our Milky Way and of the Universe withallelementsheavierthanlithiumoriginatesintheinteriorsofstars.Stars arethe tracersofthe dynamics ofthe Universe,gravitationallyimplying much more than meets the eye. Stars ionize the interstellar medium and re-ionized the early intergalactic medium. Understanding stellar structure and evolution is fundamental. While stellar structure and evolution are understood in general terms, we lack important physical ingredients, despite extensive research during recent decades.Classicalspectroscopy,photometry,astrometryandinterferometryof stars have traditionally been used as observational constraints to deduce the internal stellar physics. Unfortunately, these types of observations only allow the tuning of the basic common physics laws under stellar conditions with relatively poor precision. The situation is even more worrisome for unknown aspects of the physics and dynamics in stars. These are usually dealt with by using parameterised descriptions of, e.g., the treatments of convection, rotation,angularmomentumtransport,theequationofstate,atomicdi?usion andsettlingofelements,magneto-hydrodynamicalprocesses,andmore.There is a dearth of observational constraints on these processes, thus solar values areoftenassignedtothem.Yetitishardtoimaginethatonesetofparameters is appropriate for the vast range of stars.

Solar Astrophysics

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9783527618088
Pages : 480 pages
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Summary Book Review Solar Astrophysics :

Download or read book Solar Astrophysics written by Peter V. Foukal and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2008-09-26 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This revised edition of Solar Astrophysics describes our current understanding of the sun - from its deepest interior, via the layers of the directly observable atmosphere to the solar wind, right out to its farthest extension into interstellar space. It includes a comprehensive account of the history of solar astrophysics, along with an overview of the key instruments throughout the various periods. In contrast to other books on this topic, the choice of material deals evenhandedly with the entire scope of important topics covered in solar research. The authors make the advances in our understanding of the sun accessible to students and non-specialists by way of careful use of relatively simple physical concepts. The book offers an incisive, reliable, and well-planned look at all that is fascinating and new in studies of the sun.

The Rotation of Sun and Stars

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9783540878308
Pages : 266 pages
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Summary Book Review The Rotation of Sun and Stars :

Download or read book The Rotation of Sun and Stars written by Jean-Pierre Rozelot and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2009-01-08 with total page 266 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Sun and stars rotate in di?erent ways and at di?erent velocity rates. The knowledge of how they rotate is important in understanding the formation and evolution of stars and their structure. The closest star to our Earth, the Sun, is a good laboratory to study in detail the rotation of a G star and allows to test new ideas and develop new techniques to study stellar rotation. More or less massive, more or lessevolved objects, however, can have averydi?erent rotation rate, structure and history. In recent years our understanding of the rotation of the Sun has greatly improved. The Sun has a well-known large-scale rotation, which can be m- sured thanks to visible features across the solar disk, such as sunspots, or via spectroscopy. In addition, several studies cast light on di?erential rotation in the convective zone and on meridional circulation in the radiative zone of the Sun. Even the rotation of the core of the Sun can now be studied thanks to various methods, such as dynamics of the gravitational moments and of course, helioseismology, through g-modes analysis. Moreover, the magnetic ?eld is strongly linked to the matter motions in the solar plasma. The solar magnetic ?eld can be measured only at the surface or in theupperlayers.Itistheproductoftheinternaldynamoorofthelocaldynamos if they exist – in any case magnetic ?eld and rotation cannot thus be separated.

Interacting Binary Stars

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Publisher : Elsevier
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ISBN 10 : 9781483157795
Pages : 198 pages
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Summary Book Review Interacting Binary Stars :

Download or read book Interacting Binary Stars written by Jorge Sahade and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2015-11-24 with total page 198 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Interacting Binary Stars deals with the development, ideas, and problems in the study of interacting binary stars. The book consolidates the information that is scattered over many publications and papers and gives an account of important discoveries with relevant historical background. Chapters are devoted to the presentation and discussion of the different facets of the field, such as historical account of the development in the field of study of binary stars; the Roche equipotential surfaces; methods and techniques in space astronomy; and enumeration of binary star systems that are studied meticulously by scientists. Astronomers, astrophysicists, physicists, researchers, and students in related fields will find the book interesting.

An Introduction to Close Binary Stars

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0521798000
Pages : 398 pages
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Summary Book Review An Introduction to Close Binary Stars :

Download or read book An Introduction to Close Binary Stars written by R. W. Hilditch and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2001-03-12 with total page 398 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This 2001 book was the first to provide a pedagogical and comprehensive introduction to binary stars for advanced students.

Physics Briefs

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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015027829830
Pages : 1270 pages
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Summary Book Review Physics Briefs :

Download or read book Physics Briefs written by and published by . This book was released on 1994 with total page 1270 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: