Aztecs, Moors, and Christians

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Publisher : University of Texas Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780292779297
Pages : 319 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (927 users download)


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Summary Book Review Aztecs, Moors, and Christians :

Download or read book Aztecs, Moors, and Christians written by Max Harris and published by University of Texas Press. This book was released on 2010-01-01 with total page 319 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In villages and towns across Spain and its former New World colonies, local performers stage mock battles between Spanish Christians and Moors or Aztecs that range from brief sword dances to massive street theatre lasting several days. The festival tradition officially celebrates the triumph of Spanish Catholicism over its enemies, yet this does not explain its persistence for more than five hundred years nor its widespread diffusion. In this insightful book, Max Harris seeks to understand Mexicans' "puzzling and enduring passion" for festivals of moros y cristianos. He begins by tracing the performances' roots in medieval Spain and showing how they came to be superimposed on the mock battles that had been a part of pre-contact Aztec calendar rituals. Then using James Scott's distinction between "public" and "hidden transcripts," he reveals how, in the hands of folk and indigenous performers, these spectacles of conquest became prophecies of the eventual reconquest of Mexico by the defeated Aztec peoples. Even today, as lively descriptions of current festivals make plain, they remain a remarkably sophisticated vehicle for the communal expression of dissent.

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780198036432
Pages : 240 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (98 users download)


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Summary Book Review Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest :

Download or read book Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest written by Matthew Restall and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2004-10-28 with total page 240 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Here is an intriguing exploration of the ways in which the history of the Spanish Conquest has been misread and passed down to become popular knowledge of these events. The book offers a fresh account of the activities of the best-known conquistadors and explorers, including Columbus, Cortés, and Pizarro. Using a wide array of sources, historian Matthew Restall highlights seven key myths, uncovering the source of the inaccuracies and exploding the fallacies and misconceptions behind each myth. This vividly written and authoritative book shows, for instance, that native Americans did not take the conquistadors for gods and that small numbers of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity. We discover that Columbus was correctly seen in his lifetime--and for decades after--as a briefly fortunate but unexceptional participant in efforts involving many southern Europeans. It was only much later that Columbus was portrayed as a great man who fought against the ignorance of his age to discover the new world. Another popular misconception--that the Conquistadors worked alone--is shattered by the revelation that vast numbers of black and native allies joined them in a conflict that pitted native Americans against each other. This and other factors, not the supposed superiority of the Spaniards, made conquests possible. The Conquest, Restall shows, was more complex--and more fascinating--than conventional histories have portrayed it. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest offers a richer and more nuanced account of a key event in the history of the Americas.

One Nation, Uninsured

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780195312034
Pages : 274 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (953 users download)


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Summary Book Review One Nation, Uninsured :

Download or read book One Nation, Uninsured written by Jill Quadagno and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2006-10-09 with total page 274 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: One Nation, Uninsured offers a vividly written history of America's failed efforts to address the health care needs of its citizens. Covering the entire twentieth century, Jill Quadagno shows how each attempt to enact national health insurance was met with fierce attacks by powerful stakeholders, who mobilized their considerable resources to keep the financing of health care out of the government's hands.

Sacred Folly

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Publisher : Cornell University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780801461613
Pages : 336 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (14 users download)


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Summary Book Review Sacred Folly :

Download or read book Sacred Folly written by Max Harris and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 2011-05-02 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The real history and meaning of the Feast of Fools—usually misunderstood as a sacrilegious festival.

Race and Racialization

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Publisher : Canadian Scholars’ Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781551303352
Pages : 375 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (513 users download)


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Summary Book Review Race and Racialization :

Download or read book Race and Racialization written by Tania Das Gupta and published by Canadian Scholars’ Press. This book was released on 2007 with total page 375 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This provocative volume will influence the way people think of race and racialization. It provides a thorough examination of these complex and intriguing subjects with historical, comparative, and international contributions. Edited as a theoretically strong, cohesive whole, this book unites a remarkable ensemble of academic thinkers and writers from a diversity of backgrounds. Themes of ethnocentrism, cultural genocide, conquest and colonization, disease and pandemics, slavery, and the social construction of racism run throughout.

World Christianity and Global Conquest

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781108831567
Pages : 400 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (88 users download)


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Summary Book Review World Christianity and Global Conquest :

Download or read book World Christianity and Global Conquest written by David Lindenfeld and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2021-05-20 with total page 400 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Explores the global expansion of Christianity since 1500 from the perspectives of the indigenous people who were affected by it.

We are All Moors

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Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780816660797
Pages : 228 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (166 users download)


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Summary Book Review We are All Moors :

Download or read book We are All Moors written by Anouar Majid and published by U of Minnesota Press. This book was released on 2009 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Printbegrænsninger: Der kan printes 10 sider ad gangen og max. 40 sider pr. session

Performance in the Zócalo

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Publisher : University of Michigan Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780472132096
Pages : 232 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (721 users download)


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Summary Book Review Performance in the Zócalo :

Download or read book Performance in the Zócalo written by Ana Martínez and published by University of Michigan Press. This book was released on 2020-10-01 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For more than five centuries, the Plaza Mayor (or Zócalo) in Mexico City has been the site of performances for a public spectatorship. During the period of colonial rule, performances designed to ensure loyalty to the Spanish monarchy were staged there, but over time, these displays gave way to staged demonstrations of resistance. Today, the Zócalo is a site for both official government-sponsored celebrations and performances that challenge the state. Performance in the Zócalo examines the ways that this city square has achieved symbolic significance over the centuries, and how national, ethnic, and racial identity has been performed there. A saying in Mexico City is “quien domina el centro, domina el país” (whoever dominates the center, dominates the country) as the Zócalo continues to act as the performative embodiment of Mexican society. This book highlights how particular performances build upon each other by recycling past architectures and performative practices for new purposes. Ana Martínez discusses the singular role of collective memory in creating meaning through space and landmarks, providing a new perspective and further insight into the problem of Mexico’s relationship with its own past. Rather than merely describe the commemorations, she traces the relationship between space and the invention of a Mexican imaginary. She also explores how indigenous communities, Mexico’s alienated subalterns, performed as exploited objects, exotic characters, and subjects with agency. The book’s dual purposes are to examine the Zócalo as Mexico’s central site of performance and to unmask, without homogenizing, the official discourse regarding Mexico’s natives. This book will be of interest for students and scholars in theater studies, Mexican Studies, Cultural Geography, Latinx and Latin American Studies.

Enemies in the Plaza

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Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780812291346
Pages : 256 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (122 users download)


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Summary Book Review Enemies in the Plaza :

Download or read book Enemies in the Plaza written by Thomas Devaney and published by University of Pennsylvania Press. This book was released on 2015-04-03 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Toward the end of the fifteenth century, Spanish Christians near the border of Castile and Muslim-ruled Granada held complex views about religious tolerance. People living in frontier cities bore much of the cost of war against Granada and faced the greatest risk of retaliation, but had to reconcile an ideology of holy war with the genuine admiration many felt for individual members of other religious groups. After a century of near-continuous truces, a series of political transformations in Castile—including those brought about by the civil wars of Enrique IV's reign, the final war with Granada, and Fernando and Isabel's efforts to reestablish royal authority—incited a broad reaction against religious minorities. As Thomas Devaney shows, this active hostility was triggered by public spectacles that emphasized the foreignness of Muslims, Jews, and recent converts to Christianity. Enemies in the Plaza traces the changing attitudes toward religious minorities as manifested in public spectacles ranging from knightly tournaments, to religious processions, to popular festivals. Drawing on contemporary chronicles and municipal records as well as literary and architectural evidence, Devaney explores how public pageantry originally served to dissipate the anxieties fostered by the give-and-take of frontier culture and how this tradition of pageantry ultimately contributed to the rejection of these compromises. Through vivid depictions of frontier personalities, cities, and performances, Enemies in the Plaza provides an account of how public spectacle served to negotiate and articulate the boundaries between communities as well as to help Castilian nobles transform the frontier's religious ambivalence into holy war.

References on City and Regional Planning

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Publisher : Mit Press
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ISBN 10 : 0262692872
Pages : 48 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (928 users download)


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Summary Book Review References on City and Regional Planning :

Download or read book References on City and Regional Planning written by Caroline Shillaber and published by Mit Press. This book was released on 2003-02-01 with total page 48 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A bibliography on city planning to be used as a guide to libraries in the development of their architecture and city-planning departments.

Mythology and Diplomacy in the Age of Exploration

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Publisher : BRILL
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ISBN 10 : 9789004324909
Pages : 164 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (43 users download)


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Summary Book Review Mythology and Diplomacy in the Age of Exploration :

Download or read book Mythology and Diplomacy in the Age of Exploration written by Adam Knobler and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2016-12-15 with total page 164 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this work, Adam Knobler demonstrates the intimate connection between medieval mythologies of the non-Western world, and early modern European imperial expansion to Africa, Asia and the Americas.

Carnival and Other Christian Festivals

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Publisher : University of Texas Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780292779303
Pages : 304 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (927 users download)


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Summary Book Review Carnival and Other Christian Festivals :

Download or read book Carnival and Other Christian Festivals written by Max Harris and published by University of Texas Press. This book was released on 2010-01-01 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With a riotous mix of saints and devils, street theater and dancing, and music and fireworks, Christian festivals are some of the most lively and colorful spectacles that occur in Spain and its former European and American possessions. That these folk celebrations, with roots reaching back to medieval times, remain vibrant in the high-tech culture of the twenty-first century strongly suggests that they also provide an indispensable vehicle for expressing hopes, fears, and desires that people can articulate in no other way. In this book, Max Harris explores and develops principles for understanding the folk theology underlying patronal saints' day festivals, feasts of Corpus Christi, and Carnivals through a series of vivid, first-hand accounts of these festivities throughout Spain and in Puerto Rico, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad, Bolivia, and Belgium. Paying close attention to the signs encoded in folk performances, he finds in these festivals a folk theology of social justice that—however obscured by official rhetoric, by distracting theories of archaic origin, or by the performers' own need to mask their resistance to authority—is often in articulate and complex dialogue with the power structures that surround it. This discovery sheds important new light on the meanings of religious festivals celebrated from Belgium to Peru and on the sophisticated theatrical performances they embody.

Aztecs on Stage

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Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780806185316
Pages : 244 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (61 users download)


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Summary Book Review Aztecs on Stage :

Download or read book Aztecs on Stage written by and published by University of Oklahoma Press. This book was released on 2012-09-13 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nahuatl drama, one of the most surprising results of the Catholic presence in colonial Mexico, merges medieval European religious theater with the language and performance traditions of the Aztec (Nahua) people of central Mexico. Franciscan missionaries, seeking effective tools for evangelization, fostered this new form of theater after observing the Nahuas’ enthusiasm for elaborate performances. The plays became a controversial component of native Christianity, allowing Nahua performers to present Christian discourse in ways that sometimes effected subtle changes in meaning. The Indians’ enthusiastic embrace of alphabetic writing enabled the use of scripts, but the genre was so unorthodox that Spanish censors prevented the plays’ publication. As a result, colonial Nahuatl drama survives only in scattered manuscripts, most of them anonymous, some of them passed down and recopied over generations. Aztecs on Stage presents accessible English translations of six of these seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Nahuatl plays. All are based on European dramatic traditions, such as the morality and passion plays; indigenous actors played the roles of saints, angels, devils—and even the Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ. Louise M. Burkhart’s engaging introduction places the plays in historical context, while stage directions and annotations in the works provide insight into the Nahuas’ production practices, which often incorporated elaborate sets, props, and special effects including fireworks and music. The translations facilitate classroom readings and performances while retaining significant artistic features of the Nahuatl originals.

Stages of Conflict

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Publisher : University of Michigan Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780472050277
Pages : 325 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (72 users download)


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Summary Book Review Stages of Conflict :

Download or read book Stages of Conflict written by Diana Taylor and published by University of Michigan Press. This book was released on 2008 with total page 325 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stages of Conflict brings together an array of dramatic texts, tracing the intersection of theater and social and political life in the Americas over the past five centuries. Historical pieces from the sixteenth century to the present highlight the encounter between indigenous tradition and colonialism, while contributions from modern playwrights such as Virgilio Pinero, Jose Triana, and Denise Stolkos take on the tumultuous political and social upheavals of the past century. The editors have added critical commentary on the origins of each play, affording scholars and students of theater, performance studies, and Latin American studies the opportunity to view the history of a continent through its rich and diverse theatrical traditions.--from publisher's statement.

Ringleaders of Redemption

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Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
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ISBN 10 : 9780197527276
Pages : 392 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (975 users download)


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Summary Book Review Ringleaders of Redemption :

Download or read book Ringleaders of Redemption written by Kathryn Dickason and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2021-01-15 with total page 392 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In popular thought, Christianity is often figured as being opposed to dance. Conventional scholarship traces this controversy back to the Middle Ages. Throughout the medieval era, the Latin Church denounced and prohibited dancing in religious and secular realms, often aligning it with demonic intervention, lust, pride, and sacrilege. Historical sources, however, suggest that medieval dance was a complex and ambivalent phenomenon. During the High and Late Middle Ages, Western theologians, liturgists, and mystics not only tolerated dance; they transformed it into a dynamic component of religious thought and practice. This book investigates how dance became a legitimate form of devotion in Christian culture. Sacred dance functioned to gloss scripture, frame spiritual experience, and imagine the afterlife. Invoking numerous manuscript and visual sources (biblical commentaries, sermons, saints' lives, ecclesiastical statutes, mystical treatises, vernacular literature, and iconography), this book highlights how medieval dance helped shape religious identity and social stratification. Moreover, this book shows the political dimension of dance, which worked in the service of Christendom, conversion, and social cohesion. In Ringleaders of Redemption, Kathryn Dickason reveals a long tradition of sacred dance in Christianity, one that the professionalization and secularization of Renaissance dance obscured, and one that the Reformation silenced and suppressed.

The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780199341962
Pages : 748 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (993 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs :

Download or read book The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs written by Deborah L. Nichols and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 748 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs, the first of its kind, provides a current overview of recent research on the Aztec empire, the best documented prehispanic society in the Americas. Chapters span from the establishment of Aztec city-states to the encounter with the Spanish empire and the Colonial period that shaped the modern world. Articles in the Handbook take up new research trends and methodologies and current debates. The Handbook articles are divided into seven parts. Part I, Archaeology of the Aztecs, introduces the Aztecs, as well as Aztec studies today, including the recent practice of archaeology, ethnohistory, museum studies, and conservation. The articles in Part II, Historical Change, provide a long-term view of the Aztecs starting with important predecessors, the development of Aztec city-states and imperialism, and ending with a discussion of the encounter of the Aztec and Spanish empires. Articles also discuss Aztec notions of history, writing, and time. Part III, Landscapes and Places, describes the Aztec world in terms of its geography, ecology, and demography at varying scales from households to cities. Part IV, Economic and Social Relations in the Aztec Empire, discusses the ethnic complexity of the Aztec world and social and economic relations that have been a major focus of archaeology. Articles in Part V, Aztec Provinces, Friends, and Foes, focuses on the Aztec's dynamic relations with distant provinces, and empires and groups that resisted conquest, and even allied with the Spanish to overthrow the Aztec king. This is followed by Part VI, Ritual, Belief, and Religion, which examines the different beliefs and rituals that formed Aztec religion and their worldview, as well as the material culture of religious practice. The final section of the volume, Aztecs after the Conquest, carries the Aztecs through the post-conquest period, an increasingly important area of archaeological work, and considers the place of the Aztecs in the modern world.

Contemporary Theatre in Mayan Mexico

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Publisher : University of Texas Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780292773738
Pages : 203 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (927 users download)


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Summary Book Review Contemporary Theatre in Mayan Mexico :

Download or read book Contemporary Theatre in Mayan Mexico written by Tamara L. Underiner and published by University of Texas Press. This book was released on 2010-01-01 with total page 203 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From the dramatization of local legends to the staging of plays by Shakespeare and other canonical playwrights to the exploration of contemporary sociopolitical problems and their effects on women and children, Mayan theatre is a flourishing cultural institution in southern Mexico. Part of a larger movement to define Mayan self-identity and reclaim a Mayan cultural heritage, theatre in Mayan languages has both reflected on and contributed to a growing awareness of Mayans as contemporary cultural and political players in Mexico and on the world's stage. In this book, Tamara Underiner draws on fieldwork with theatre groups in Chiapas, Tabasco, and Yucatán to observe the Maya peoples in the process of defining themselves through theatrical performance. She looks at the activities of four theatre groups or networks, focusing on their operating strategies and on close analyses of selected dramatic texts. She shows that while each group works under the rubric of Mayan or indigenous theatre, their works are also in constant dialogue, confrontation, and collaboration with the wider, non-Mayan world. Her observations thus reveal not only how theatre is an agent of cultural self-definition and community-building but also how theatre negotiates complex relations among indigenous communities in Mayan Mexico, state governments, and non-Mayan artists and researchers.