Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781136483325
Pages : 978 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (364 users download)


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Summary Book Review Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century :

Download or read book Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century written by John Krige and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-11-05 with total page 978 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With over forty chapters, written by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume represents the best work in America, Europe and Asia. Geographical diversity of the authors is reflected in the different perspectives devoted to the subject, and all major disciplinary developments are covered. There are also sections concerning the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry, the importance of instrumentation, and the cultural influence of scientific modes of thought. Students and professionals will come to appreciate how, and why, science has developed - as with any other human activity, it is subject to the dynamics of society and politics.

Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 0415286069
Pages : 941 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (86 users download)


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Summary Book Review Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century :

Download or read book Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century written by John Krige and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2003 with total page 941 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work on science in the 20th century represents work in America, Europe and Asia. It includes such topics as the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry and the importance of instrumentation.

Companion Encyclopedia of Medicine in the Twentieth Century

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781136794728
Pages : 776 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (367 users download)


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Summary Book Review Companion Encyclopedia of Medicine in the Twentieth Century :

Download or read book Companion Encyclopedia of Medicine in the Twentieth Century written by Roger Cooter and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-01-11 with total page 776 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the twentieth century, medicine has been radically transformed and powerfully transformative. In 1900, western medicine was important to philanthropy and public health, but it was marginal to the state, the industrial economy and the welfare of most individuals. It is now central to these aspects of life. Our prospects seem increasingly dependent on the progress of bio-medical sciences and genetic technologies which promise to reshape future generations. The editors of Medicine in the Twentieth Century have commissioned over forty authoritative essays, written by historical specialists but intended for general audiences. Some concentrate on the political economy of medicine and health as it changed from period to period and varied between countries, others focus on understandings of the body, and a third set of essays explores transformations in some of the theatres of medicine and the changing experiences of different categories of practitioners and patients.

Medicine in the Twentieth Century

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781000150902
Pages : 780 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (1 users download)


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Summary Book Review Medicine in the Twentieth Century :

Download or read book Medicine in the Twentieth Century written by Roger Cooter and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2020-08-26 with total page 780 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the twentieth century, medicine has been radically transformed and powerfully transformative. In 1900, western medicine was important to philanthropy and public health, but it was marginal to the state, the industrial economy and the welfare of most individuals. It is now central to these aspects of life. Our prospects seem increasingly dependent on the progress of bio-medical sciences and genetic technologies which promise to reshape future generations. The editors of Medicine in the Twentieth Century have commissioned over forty authoritative essays, written by historical specialists but intended for general audiences. Some concentrate on the political economy of medicine and health as it changed from period to period and varied between countries, others focus on understandings of the body, and a third set of essays explores transformations in some of the theatres of medicine and the changing experiences of different categories of practitioners and patients.

Science in the Twentieth Century

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781134406869
Pages : 978 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (344 users download)


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Summary Book Review Science in the Twentieth Century :

Download or read book Science in the Twentieth Century written by John Krige and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-11-19 with total page 978 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With over forty chapters, written by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume represents the best work in America, Europe, and Asia. Geographical diversity of the authors is reflected in the different perspectives devoted to the subject, and all major disciplinary developments are covered. There are also sections concerning the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry, the importance of instrumentation, and the cultural influence of scientific modes of thought. Students and professionals will come to appreciate how, and why, science has developed - as with any other human activity, it is subject to the dynamics of society and politics.

Minority Report

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781786612380
Pages : 380 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (866 users download)


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Summary Book Review Minority Report :

Download or read book Minority Report written by William T. Lynch and published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. This book was released on 2020-10-16 with total page 380 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Philip K. Dick’s The Minority Report, ‘precogs’, who are imaginary individuals capable of seeing the future are relied upon to stop crime, with a consensus report synthesized from two of three precogs. When the protaganist is indicted for a future murder, he suspects a conspiracy and seeks out the “minority report,” detailing the suppressed testimony of the third precog. Science works a lot like this science fiction story. Contrary to the view that scientists in a field all share the same “paradigm,” as Thomas Kuhn famously argued, scientists support different, and competing, research programs. Statements of scientific consensus need to be actively synthesized from the work of different scientists. Not all scientific work will be equally credited by science as a whole. While this system works well enough for most purposes, it is possible for minority views to fail to get the hearing that they deserve. This book analyzes the support that should be given to minority views, reconsidering classic debates in Science and Technology Studies and examining numerous case studies.

Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences

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Publisher : JHU Press
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 0801873975
Pages : 1806 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (739 users download)


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Summary Book Review Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences :

Download or read book Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences written by I. Grattan-Guinness and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 2003 with total page 1806 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Mathematics is one of the most basic -- and most ancient -- types of knowledge. Yet the details of its historical development remain obscure to all but a few specialists. The two-volume Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences recovers this mathematical heritage, bringing together many of the world's leading historians of mathematics to examine the history and philosophy of the mathematical sciences in a cultural context, tracing their evolution from ancient times to the twentieth century. In 176 concise articles divided into twelve parts, contributors describe and analyze the variety of problems, theories, proofs, and techniques in all areas of pure and applied mathematics, including probability and statistics. This indispensable reference work demonstrates the continuing importance of mathematics and its use in physics, astronomy, engineering, computer science, philosophy, and the social sciences. Also addressed is the history of higher education in mathematics. Carefully illustrated, with annotated bibliographies of sources for each article, The Companion Encyclopedia is a valuable research tool for students and teachers in all branches of mathematics. Contents of Volume 1: •Ancient and Non-Western Traditions •The Western Middle Ages and the Renaissance •Calculus and Mathematical Analysis •Functions, Series, and Methods in Analysis •Logic, Set Theories, and the Foundations of Mathematics •Algebras and Number Theory Contents of Volume 2: •Geometries and Topology •Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering •Physics, Mathematical Physics, and Electrical Engineering •Probability, Statistics, and the Social Sciences •Higher Education and Institutions •Mathematics and Culture •Select Bibliography, Chronology, Biographical Notes, and Index

Science in the 20th Century and Beyond

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Publisher : Polity
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780745634692
Pages : 614 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (456 users download)


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Summary Book Review Science in the 20th Century and Beyond :

Download or read book Science in the 20th Century and Beyond written by Jon Agar and published by Polity. This book was released on 2012-04-09 with total page 614 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Surveying modern developments in science from 1900 to the present day, this fascinating volume explores Einstein's new physics, the Manhattan Project, eugenics, biotechnology, the Human Genome Project and much more.

Abridged Biography and Genealogy Master Index

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Publisher :
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ISBN 10 : PSU:000014857874
Pages : 3537 pages
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Summary Book Review Abridged Biography and Genealogy Master Index :

Download or read book Abridged Biography and Genealogy Master Index written by and published by . This book was released on 1988 with total page 3537 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0195112296
Pages : 994 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (122 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science :

Download or read book The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science written by John L. Heilbron and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2003-02-14 with total page 994 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Containing 609 encyclopedic articles written by more than 200 prominent scholars, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science presents an unparalleled history of the field invaluable to anyone with an interest in the technology, ideas, discoveries, and learned institutions that have shaped our world over the past five centuries. Focusing on the period from the Renaissance to the early twenty-first century, the articles cover all disciplines (Biology, Alchemy, Behaviorism), historical periods (the Scientific Revolution, World War II, the Cold War), concepts (Hypothesis, Space and Time, Ether), and methodologies and philosophies (Observation and Experiment, Darwinism). Coverage is international, tracing the spread of science from its traditional centers and explaining how the prevailing knowledge of non-Western societies has modified or contributed to the dominant global science as it is currently understood. Revealing the interplay between science and the wider culture, the Companion includes entries on topics such as minority groups, art, religion, and science's practical applications. One hundred biographies of the most iconic historic figures, chosen for their contributions to science and the interest of their lives, are also included. Above all The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science is a companion to world history: modern in coverage, generous in breadth, and cosmopolitan in scope. The volume's utility is enhanced by a thematic outline of the entire contents, a thorough system of cross-referencing, and a detailed index that enables the reader to follow a specific line of inquiry along various threads from multiple starting points. Each essay has numerous suggestions for further reading, all of which favor literature that is accessible to the general reader, and a bibliographical essay provides a general overview of the scholarship in the field. Lastly, as a contribution to the visual appeal of the Companion, over 100 black-and-white illustrations and an eight-page color section capture the eye and spark the imagination.

Subject Encyclopedias: User guide, review citations

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Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 157356298X
Pages : 726 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (629 users download)


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Summary Book Review Subject Encyclopedias: User guide, review citations :

Download or read book Subject Encyclopedias: User guide, review citations written by Allan Mirwis and published by Greenwood Publishing Group. This book was released on 1999 with total page 726 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This useful two-volume set will provide buyers of subject encyclopedias with a substantial amount of valuable information they can use in making their purchasing decisions. It will also provide all types of librarians and their patrons with a quick, one-stop method for locating the appropriate subject encyclopedias for their needs and for locating articles in the 100 encyclopedias. Librarians who specialize in bibliographic instruction will also find it to be a useful tool for teaching students how to locate needed information.

Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9783319643373
Pages : 280 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (196 users download)


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Summary Book Review Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine :

Download or read book Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine written by Abigail Woods and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-12-29 with total page 280 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book breaks new ground by situating animals and their diseases at the very heart of modern medicine. In demonstrating their historical significance as subjects and shapers of medicine, it offers important insights into past animal lives, and reveals that what we think of as ‘human’ medicine was in fact deeply zoological. Each chapter analyses an important episode in which animals changed and were changed by medicine. Ranging across the animal inhabitants of Britain’s zoos, sick sheep on Scottish farms, unproductive livestock in developing countries, and the tapeworms of California and Beirut, they illuminate the multi-species dimensions of modern medicine and its rich historical connections with biology, zoology, agriculture and veterinary medicine. The modern movement for One Health – whose history is also analyzed – is therefore revealed as just the latest attempt to improve health by working across species and disciplines. This book will appeal to historians of animals, science and medicine, to those involved in the promotion and practice of One Health today.

Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781134960583
Pages : 1168 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (349 users download)


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Summary Book Review Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy :

Download or read book Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy written by Dr Brian Carr and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2002-09-11 with total page 1168 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy is a unique one-volume reference work which makes a broad range of richly varied philosophical, ethical and theological traditions accessible to a wide audience. The Companion is divided into six sections covering the main traditions within Asian thought: Persian; Indian; Buddhist; Chinese; Japanese; and Islamic philosophy. Each section contains a collection of chapters which provide comprehensive coverage of the origins of the tradition, its approaches to, for example, logic and languages, and to questions of morals and society. The chapters also contain useful histories of the lives of the key influential thinkers, as well as a thorough analysis of the current trends.

Biography and Genealogy Master Index

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Publisher :
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : UOM:39015023726428
Pages : 1281 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (91 users download)


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Summary Book Review Biography and Genealogy Master Index :

Download or read book Biography and Genealogy Master Index written by and published by . This book was released on 1996 with total page 1281 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A consolidated index to biographical sketches in current and retrospective biographical dictionaries.

Ways of Knowing

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Publisher : University of Chicago Press
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ISBN 10 : 0226667952
Pages : 271 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (679 users download)


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Summary Book Review Ways of Knowing :

Download or read book Ways of Knowing written by John V. Pickstone and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2001-04 with total page 271 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Ways of Knowing, John V. Pickstone provides a new and accessible framework for understanding science, technology, and medicine (STM) in the West from the Renaissance to the present. Pickstone's approach has four key features. First, he synthesizes the long-term histories and philosophies of disciplines that are normally studied separately. Second, he dissects STM into specific ways of knowing—natural history, analysis, and experimentalism—with separate but interlinked elements. Third, he explores these ways of knowing as forms of work related to our various technologies for making, mending, and destroying. And finally, he relates scientific and technical knowledges to popular understandings and to politics. Covering an incredibly wide range of subjects, from minerals and machines to patients and pharmaceuticals, and from experimental physics to genetic engineering, Pickstone's Ways of Knowing challenges the reader to reexamine traditional conceptualizations of the history, philosophy, and social studies of science, technology, and medicine.

The History of Cancer and Emotions in Twentieth-Century Germany

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780192694034
Pages : 416 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (926 users download)


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Summary Book Review The History of Cancer and Emotions in Twentieth-Century Germany :

Download or read book The History of Cancer and Emotions in Twentieth-Century Germany written by Bettina Hitzer and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2022-06-02 with total page 416 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Different people feel different emotions when they are diagnosed with cancer. Both today and a century ago, fear and hope, shame and disgust, sadness and joy are and were the emotions experienced by many cancer patients and their loved ones. But these emotions do not just have significance for the people who feel them. They have also exerted a surprisingly profound influence on how hospitals and laboratories dealt with cancer, how early detection campaigns portrayed it, and how doctors talked about it with their patients. Bettina Hitzer details the history of cancer and emotions in twentieth-century Germany and thus follows the cancer-associated transformations of emotional regimes, emotional politics, and emotional experiences through five different political systems. In doing so, the study underscores that political caesuras resonate in the immediate corporeality of the history of emotions.

Preventive Strikes

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Publisher : JHU Press
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ISBN 10 : 0801898692
Pages : 344 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (986 users download)


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Summary Book Review Preventive Strikes :

Download or read book Preventive Strikes written by Ilana Löwy and published by JHU Press. This book was released on 2010-01-18 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Preventive Strikes aims to improve our understanding of professional, social, and cultural responses to cancer in the twenty-first century and to inform our reflections about how values are incorporated into routine medical practices.Ilana Löwy