Images of Human Nature

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Publisher : Princeton University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781400859740
Pages : 336 pages
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Summary Book Review Images of Human Nature :

Download or read book Images of Human Nature written by Donald J. Munro and published by Princeton University Press. This book was released on 2014-07-14 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this volume Donald Munro, author of important studies on early and contemporary China, provides a critical analysis of the doctrines of the Sung Neo-Confucian philosopher Chu Hsi (1130-1200). For nearly six centuries Confucian orthodoxy was based on Chu Hsi's commentaries on Confucian classics. These commentaries were the core of the curriculum studied by candidates for the civil service in China until 1905 and provided guidelines both for personal behavior and for official policy. Munro finds the key to the complexities of Chu Hsi's thought in his mode of discourse: the structural images of family, stream of water, mirror, body, plant, and ruler. Furthermore, he discloses the basic framework of Chu Hsi's ethics and the theory of human nature that is provided by these illustrative images. As revealed by Munro, Chu Hsi's thought is polarized between family duty and a broader altruism and between obedience to external authority and self-discovery of moral truth. To understand these tensions moves us toward clarifying the meaning of each idea in the sets. The interplay of these ideas, selectively emphasized over time by later Confucians, is a background for explaining modern Chinese thought. In it, among other things, Confucianism and Marxism-Leninism co-exist. Originally published in 1988. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Theories of Human Nature - Third Edition

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Publisher : Broadview Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781460402030
Pages : 287 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (64 users download)


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Summary Book Review Theories of Human Nature - Third Edition :

Download or read book Theories of Human Nature - Third Edition written by Peter Loptson and published by Broadview Press. This book was released on 2006-01-06 with total page 287 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the idea of human nature and the many understandings of it put forward by such diverse figures as Aristotle, Rousseau, Marx, Freud, Darwin, and E.O. Wilson. Each chapter looks at a different theory and offers a concise explanation, assessing the theory's plausibility without forcing it into a mould. Some chapters deal with the ideas of only one thinker, while others (such as the chapters on liberalism and feminism) present a variety of different positions. A clear distinction is made between theories of human nature and the political theories which so often follow from them. For the new edition, Loptson has addressed the new developments in the rapidly expanding genetic and paleontological record, as well as expanded the discussion of the Christian theory of human nature by incorporating the ideas of the Marx scholar and social theorist G.A. Cohen. The new edition has also been substantively revised and updated throughout.

Biotechnology, Human Nature, and Christian Ethics

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781108395243
Pages : 238 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (83 users download)


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Summary Book Review Biotechnology, Human Nature, and Christian Ethics :

Download or read book Biotechnology, Human Nature, and Christian Ethics written by Gerald McKenny and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2018-01-19 with total page 238 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In public debates over biotechnology, theologians, philosophers, and political theorists have proposed that biotechnology could have significant implications for human nature. They argue that ethical evaluations of biotechnologies that might affect human nature must take these implications into account. In this book, Gerald McKenny examines these important yet controversial arguments, which have in turn been criticized by many moral philosophers and professional bioethicists. He argues that Christian ethics is, in principle, committed to some version of the claim that human nature has normative status in relation to biotechnology. Showing how both criticisms and defences of this claim have often been facile, he identifies, develops, and critically evaluates three versions of the claim, and contributes a fourth, distinctively Christian version to the debate. Focusing on Christian ethics in conversation with secular ethics, McKenny's book is the first thorough analysis of a controversial contemporary issue.

David Hartley on Human Nature

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Publisher : SUNY Press
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ISBN 10 : 0791442330
Pages : 469 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (423 users download)


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Summary Book Review David Hartley on Human Nature :

Download or read book David Hartley on Human Nature written by Richard Allen and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 1999-07-01 with total page 469 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Presents the first complete account of the thought of David Hartley, one of the most original minds of the eighteenth century.

Human Nature in Modern Economics

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000605464
Pages : 296 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (6 users download)


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Summary Book Review Human Nature in Modern Economics :

Download or read book Human Nature in Modern Economics written by Anna Horodecka and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2022-06-16 with total page 296 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Human Nature in Modern Economics offers a precise definition of the concept of human nature in economics, something that is so far lacking in the theoretical and methodological literature. This book develops tools for the analysis of human nature through the construction of the author’s meta-model – based on anthropological and psychological foundations – allowing for comparisons of anthropological assumptions made in economic theories. The model demonstrates that the normative functions of human nature may affect the economic reality. The chapters argue that the concept of human nature determines our thinking about the economy and economics, including fundamental methodologies, methods and theories. Thus, the differences between various economic schools may result from the different assumptions of these schools about human nature. Those evolving views of human nature proceed to explain the development of both orthodox (mainstream) and heterodox economics. The book marks a significant addition to the literature on the history of economic thought, heterodox economics, economic theory and economic methodology. For students, it is a supplement to standard textbooks as it explains the current state of economics, especially in its heterodox branches. It will allow scholars to discover the importance of what they assume about human nature and how it may influence their research process.

The Quest For A Just World Order

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781000305050
Pages : 440 pages
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Summary Book Review The Quest For A Just World Order :

Download or read book The Quest For A Just World Order written by Samuel S Kim and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-07-11 with total page 440 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In response to a growing sense of dissatisfaction with the state of the world and the state of international relations research, Professor Kim has taken an alternative approach to the study of contemporary world politics. Specifically, he has adopted and expanded the cross-cultural, interdisciplinary, and transnational approach developed by the World Order Models Project (WOMP), an enterprise committed to the realization of peace, economic equality and well-being, social justice, and ecological balance. Systemic in scope and interdisciplinary in methodology, The Quest for a Just World Order explains and projects the issues, patterns, and trends of world politics, giving special attention to the attitudinal, normative, behavioral, and institutional problems involved in the politics of system transformation. Professor Kim also attempts to remedy a number of problematic features of traditional approaches, including a value-neutral orientation; fragmentation and overspecialization; overemphasis on national actors, the superpowers, and stability; and the Hobbesian image of world politics. Part 1 presents a conceptual framework for developing a normative theory of world order. Each of the four chapters in Part 2 examines a specific global crisis in depth, working within the framework laid out in Part 1. In Part 3 a variety of desirable and feasible transition strategies are proposed, and Professor Kim assesses the prospects for achieving a just and humane world order system by the end of this century.

Political Realism, Freud, and Human Nature in International Relations

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9780230109087
Pages : 237 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (31 users download)


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Summary Book Review Political Realism, Freud, and Human Nature in International Relations :

Download or read book Political Realism, Freud, and Human Nature in International Relations written by R. Schuett and published by Springer. This book was released on 2010-05-24 with total page 237 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides an important reappraisal of the concept of human nature in contemporary realist international-political theory. Developing a Freudian philosophical anthropology for political realism, he argues for the careful resurrection of the concept of human nature in the wider study of international relations.

Evolutionary Theory and Human Nature

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9781461515456
Pages : 257 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (615 users download)


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Summary Book Review Evolutionary Theory and Human Nature :

Download or read book Evolutionary Theory and Human Nature written by Ron Vannelli and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 257 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Evolutionary Theory and Human Nature is an original, highly theoretical work dealing with the transition from genes to behavior using general principles of evolution, especially those of sexual selection. It seeks to develop a seamless transition from genes to human motivations as bio-electric brain processes (emotional-cognitive processes), to human nature propensities (various constellations of emotional-cognitive forces, desires and fears) to species typical patterns of behavior. This work covers two often antagonistic fields: biology and the social sciences. It should be of strong interest to anthropologists, sociologists, sociobiologists, psychobiologists and psychologists who are interested in the question of human nature influences on social behavior.

Human Perfection in Byzantine Theology

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780192583994
Pages : 256 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (925 users download)


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Summary Book Review Human Perfection in Byzantine Theology :

Download or read book Human Perfection in Byzantine Theology written by Alexis Torrance and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-10-16 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: To what kind of existence does Christ call us? Christian theology has from its inception posited a powerful vision of humanity's ultimate and eternal fulfilment through the person and work of Jesus Christ. How precisely to understand and approach the human perfection to which the Christian is summoned is a question that has vexed the minds of many and diverse theologians. Orthodox Christian theology is notable for its consistent interest in this question, and over the last century has offered to the West a wealth of theological insight on the matter, drawn both from the resources of its Byzantine theological heritage as well as its living interaction with Western theological and philosophical currents. In this regard, the important themes of personhood, deification, epektasis, apophaticism, and divine energies have been elaborated with much success by Orthodox theologians; but not without controversy. Human Perfection in Byzantine Theology addresses the question of human perfection in Orthodox theology via a retrieval of the sources, examining in turn the thought of leading representatives of the Byzantine theological tradition: St Maximus the Confessor, St Theodore the Studite, St Symeon the New Theologian, and St Gregory Palamas. The overarching argument of this study is that in order to present an Orthodox Christian understanding of human perfection which remains true to its Byzantine inheritance, supreme emphasis must be placed on the doctrine of Christ, especially on the significance and import of Christ's humanity. The intention of this work is thus to keep the creative approach to human destiny in Orthodox theology firmly moored to its theological past.

Why We Disagree About Human Nature

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780192556783
Pages : 272 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (925 users download)


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Summary Book Review Why We Disagree About Human Nature :

Download or read book Why We Disagree About Human Nature written by Elizabeth Hannon and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2018-06-18 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Is human nature something that the natural and social sciences aim to describe, or is it a pernicious fiction? What role, if any, does 'human nature' play in directing and informing scientific work? Can we talk about human nature without invoking-either implicitly or explicitly-a contrast with human culture? It might be tempting to think that the respectability of 'human nature' is an issue that divides natural and social scientists along disciplinary boundaries, but the truth is more complex. The contributors to this collection take very different stances with regard to the idea of human nature. They come from the fields of psychology, the philosophy of science, social and biological anthropology, evolutionary theory, and the study of animal cognition. Some of them are 'human nature' enthusiasts, some are sceptics, and some say that human nature is a concept with many faces, each of which plays a role in its own investigative niche. Some want to eliminate the notion altogether, some think it unproblematic, others want to retain it with reforming modifications. Some say that human nature is a target for investigation that the human sciences cannot do without, others argue that the term does far more harm than good. The diverse perspectives articulated in this book help to explain why we disagree about human nature, and what, if anything, might resolve that disagreement.

Adaptation and Human Behavior

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351329194
Pages : 527 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (513 users download)


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Summary Book Review Adaptation and Human Behavior :

Download or read book Adaptation and Human Behavior written by Napoleon Chagnon and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-09-08 with total page 527 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume presents state-of-the-art empirical studies working in a paradigm that has become known as human behavioral ecology. The emergence of this approach in anthropology was marked by publication by Aldine in 1979 of an earlier collection of studies edited by Chagnon and Irons entitled Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective. During the two decades that have passed since then, this innovative approach has matured and expanded into new areas that are explored here. The book opens with an introductory chapter by Chagnon and Irons tracing the origins of human behavioral ecology and its subsequent development. Subsequent chapters, written by both younger scholars and established researchers, cover a wide range of societies and topics organ-ized into six sections. The first section includes two chapters that provide historical background on the development of human behavioral ecology and com-pare it to two complementary approaches in the study of evolution and human behavior, evolutionary psychology, and dual inheritance theory. The second section includes five studies of mating efforts in a variety of societies from South America and Africa. The third section covers parenting, with five studies on soci-eties from Africa, Asia, and North America. The fourth section breaks somewhat with the tradition in human behavioral ecology by focusing on one particularly problematic issue, the demographic transition, using data from Europe, North America, and Asia. The fifth section includes studies of cooperation and helping behaviors, using data from societies in Micronesia and South America. The sixth and final section consists of a single chapter that places the volume in a broader critical and comparative context. The contributions to this volume demonstrate, with a high degree of theoretical and methodological sophistication--the maturity and freshness of this new paradigm in the study of human behavior. The volume will be of interest to anthropologists and other professions working on the study of cross-cultural human behavior.

Emotions and Personhood

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN 10 : 9780191636219
Pages : 352 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (916 users download)


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Summary Book Review Emotions and Personhood :

Download or read book Emotions and Personhood written by Giovanni Stanghellini and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2013-02-07 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How does a person experience emotions? What is the relationship between the experiential and biological dimensions of emotions? How do emotions figure in a person's relation to the world and to other people? How do emotions feature in human vulnerability to mental illness? Do they play a significant role in the fragile balance between mental health and illness? If emotions are in fact significant, how are they relevant for treatment? Emotions and personhood are important notions within the field of mental health care. What they are, and how they are related though, is less evident. This book provides a framework for understanding this relationship. The authors argue for an account of emotions and personhood that attempts to understand human emotions from the combined approach of philosophy and psychopathology, taking its models particularly from hermeneutical phenomenology and from dialectical psychopathology. Within the book, the authors develop a basic set of concepts for understanding what emotional experience means for a human person, with the assumption that human emotional experience is fragile - a fact which entails vulnerability to mental disturbance. Drawing on research from psychiatry, psychopathology, philosophy, and neuroscience, the book will be valuable for both students and researchers in these disciplines, and more broadly, within the field of mental health.

Handbook of Aging and Mental Health

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 0306457504
Pages : 564 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (575 users download)


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Summary Book Review Handbook of Aging and Mental Health :

Download or read book Handbook of Aging and Mental Health written by Jacob Lomranz and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 1998-09-30 with total page 564 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This comprehensive resource responds to a growing need for theory and multidisciplinary integrative research in adult and gerontological health. Handbook of Aging and Mental Healthbrings together, for the first time, diverse strategies and methodologies as well as theoretical formulations involving psychodynamic, behavioral, psychosocial, and biological systems as they relate to aging and health. Forward-thinking in his approach, Lomranz provides the mental health, adult developmental, and geriatric professions with a single reference source that covers theory construction, empirical research, treatment, and multidisciplinary program development.

The Image of God in an Image Driven Age

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Publisher : InterVarsity Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780830899609
Pages : 272 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (38 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Image of God in an Image Driven Age :

Download or read book The Image of God in an Image Driven Age written by Beth Felker Jones and published by InterVarsity Press. This book was released on 2016-03-18 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Humans are created in the image of God, yet by choosing to rebel against God we become unfaithful bearers of his image. But Jesus, who is the image of God, restores the divine image in us. At the intersection of theology and culture, these essays offer a unified vision of what it means to be truly human and created in the divine image in the world today.

God, Human Nature and Education for Peace

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351769396
Pages : 246 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (517 users download)


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Summary Book Review God, Human Nature and Education for Peace :

Download or read book God, Human Nature and Education for Peace written by Karl Ernst Nipkow and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2018-01-18 with total page 246 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This title was first published in 2003. What prevents the human species from finally learning the lessons of social justice and global peace in an unreconciled world? Are Christians better off? Presenting new challenges to moral and religious education, this book clarifies the true image of the biblical God around the topics of justice and reconciliation. Rejuvenating interpretations of the most outstanding traditions of the Old and New Testament, Karl Ernst Nipkow's approach of 'elementarization' - well known in German speaking countries - is introduced for the first time in the English language. Theological perspectives are confronted with data from evolutionary ethics and social psychology, through practice-based examples of the roots of aggression, violence, xenophobia and ethno-centrism. The analysis ends with peace and spirituality in the light of different faiths. This book presents a striking blend of theology, education and the social sciences, to explore central issues in moral and religious education.

Ontology and Closeness in Human-Nature Relationships

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9783319992747
Pages : 343 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (199 users download)


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Summary Book Review Ontology and Closeness in Human-Nature Relationships :

Download or read book Ontology and Closeness in Human-Nature Relationships written by Neil H. Kessler and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-10-10 with total page 343 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Ontology and Closeness in Human-Nature Relationships, Neil H. Kessler identifies the preconceptions which can keep the modern human mind in the dark about what is happening relationally between humans and the more-than-human world. He has written an accessible work of environmental philosophy, with a focus on the ontology of human-nature relationships. In it, he contends that large-scale environmental problems are intimate and relational in origin. He also challenges the deeply embedded, modernist assumptions about the relational limitations of more-than-human beings, ones which place erroneous limitations on the possibilities for human/more-than-human closeness. Diverging from the posthumanist literature and its frequent reliance on new materialist ontology, the arguments in the book attempt to sweep away what ecofeminists call “human/nature dualisms. In doing so, conceptual avenues open up that have the power to radically alter how we engage in our daily interactions with the more-than-human world all around us. Given the diversity of fields and disciplines focused on the human-nature relationship, the topics of this book vary quite broadly, but always converge at the nexus of what is possible between humans and more-than-human beings. The discussion interweaves the influence of human/nature dualisms with the limitations of Deleuzian becoming and posthumanism’s new materialism and agential realism. It leverages interhuman interdependence theory, Charles Peirce’s synechism of feeling and various treatments of Theory of Mind while exploring the influence of human/nature dualisms on sustainability, place attachment, common worlds pedagogy, emergence, and critical animal studies. It also explores the implications of plant electrical activity, plant intelligence, and plant “neurobiology” for possibilities of relational capacities in plants while even grappling with theories of animism to challenge the animate/inanimate divide. The result is an engaging, novel treatment of human-nature relational ontology that will encourage the reader to look at the world in a whole new way.

Conversations on Human Nature

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781315431529
Pages : 325 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (154 users download)


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Summary Book Review Conversations on Human Nature :

Download or read book Conversations on Human Nature written by Agustín Fuentes and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-07-01 with total page 325 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Recent empirical and philosophical research into the evolutionary history of Homo sapiens, the origins of the mind/brain, and the development of human culture has sparked heated debates about what it means to be human and how knowledge about humans from the sciences and humanities should be understood. Conversations on Human Nature, featuring 20 interviews with leading scholars in biology, psychology, anthropology, philosophy, and theology, brings these debates to life for teachers, students, and general readers. The book-outlines the basic scientific, philosophical and theological issues involved in understanding human nature;-organizes material from the various disciplines under four broad headings: (1) evolution, brains and human nature; (2) biocultural human nature; (3) persons, minds and human nature, (4) religion, theology and human nature; -concludes with Fuentes and Visala's discussion of what researchers into human nature agree on, what they disagree on, and what we need to learn to resolve those differences.