Leonard Bernstein's On the Waterfront

Download Leonard Bernstein's On the Waterfront PDF

Author :
Publisher : Scarecrow Press
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780810883994
Pages : 234 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.8/5 (18 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Leonard Bernstein's On the Waterfront :

Download or read book Leonard Bernstein's On the Waterfront written by Anthony Bushard and published by Scarecrow Press. This book was released on 2012-12-27 with total page 234 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Released in 1954, On the Waterfront is considered one of the greatest films of all time, winning eight Academy Awards—including Best Picture—and placing in the top 20 on the American Film Institute’s 100 Films survey. The film’s Oscar-nominated score represented a rare venture into film music composition by Leonard Bernstein, one of the towering figures of classical music in the 20th century. In Leonard Bernstein’s On the Waterfront: A Film Score Guide, Anthony Bushard examines this landmark work, a score that continues to influence composers of film and classical music alike. The book begins with a biographical survey of Bernstein’s work, followed by an exploration of Bernstein’s compositional method, a look at the context of the film, and an analysis of the score itself. Though other volumes have focused on Bernstein’s overall career, Bushard's book is the first to look specifically at the score of this film. A welcome examination of one of Bernstein’s most accomplished works, Leonard Bernstein’s On the Waterfront: A Film Score Guide highlights the invaluable contributions of this great composer and will be appreciated by fans of classical music and film scores.

Leonard Bernstein

Download Leonard Bernstein PDF

Author :
Publisher : Reaktion Books
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781780239514
Pages : 216 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.7/5 (82 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Leonard Bernstein :

Download or read book Leonard Bernstein written by Paul R. Laird and published by Reaktion Books. This book was released on 2018-02-15 with total page 216 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Leonard Bernstein was one of twentieth-century music’s most successful and recognizable figures. In a career spanning five decades, he conducted many of the world’s leading orchestras and composed scores for landmark musicals such as West Side Story. With an iron self-belief, he negotiated risky and challenging musical situations that resulted in always passionate, if sometimes mixed, reviews. Published to coincide with the hundredth anniversary of Bernstein’s birth, this engaging new biography provides a concise overview of the life and work of a prodigiously talented, endlessly enthralling, and controversial musician. Drawing on more than thirty years of study, leading Bernstein scholar Paul R. Laird describes Bernstein’s work as a conductor, composer, music educator, and commentator, evaluating all of his major compositions. Laird also explores the impact of Bernstein’s complicated personal life on his professional work, including his homosexuality and many affairs with men, and his strong yet difficult marriage. Featuring original insights into Bernstein’s life and work, including information gleaned from a 1982 interview with Bernstein, Laird’s book is the ideal introduction to Bernstein’s eclectic musical style and complex character, showing how both fit within the larger world of twentieth-century music.

Leonard Bernstein

Download Leonard Bernstein PDF

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781135696788
Pages : 320 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.1/5 (356 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Leonard Bernstein :

Download or read book Leonard Bernstein written by Paul Laird and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-10-11 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Beginning with an introductory essay on his achievements, it continues with annotations on Bernstein's voluminous writings, performances, educational work, and major secondary sources.

Historical Dictionary of Leonard Bernstein

Download Historical Dictionary of Leonard Bernstein PDF

Author :
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781538113455
Pages : 364 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (381 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Historical Dictionary of Leonard Bernstein :

Download or read book Historical Dictionary of Leonard Bernstein written by Paul R. Laird and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2019-07-31 with total page 364 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Historical Dictionary of Leonard Bernstein contains a chronology, an introduction, an appendix, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries encompassing people whom he befriended or worked with, institutions, orchestras, performance venues, cities, compositional methods, and compositions.

Film Music in the Sound Era

Download Film Music in the Sound Era PDF

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781351190770
Pages : 664 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.3/5 (511 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Film Music in the Sound Era :

Download or read book Film Music in the Sound Era written by Jonathan Rhodes Lee and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-03-02 with total page 664 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Film Music in the Sound Era: A Research and Information Guide offers a comprehensive bibliography of scholarship on music in sound film (1927–2017). Thematically organized sections cover historical studies, studies of musicians and filmmakers, genre studies, theory and aesthetics, and other key aspects of film music studies. Broad coverage of works from around the globe, paired with robust indexes and thorough cross-referencing, make this research guide an invaluable tool for all scholars and students investigating the intersection of music and film. This guide is published in two volumes: Volume 1: Histories, Theories, and Genres covers overviews, historical surveys, theory and criticism, studies of film genres, and case studies of individual films. Volume 2: People, Cultures, and Contexts covers individual people, social and cultural studies, studies of musical genre, pedagogy, and the Industry. A complete index is included in each volume.

Scoring the Hollywood Actor in the 1950s

Download Scoring the Hollywood Actor in the 1950s PDF

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781000293609
Pages : 210 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.0/5 (2 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Scoring the Hollywood Actor in the 1950s :

Download or read book Scoring the Hollywood Actor in the 1950s written by Gregory Camp and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-12-30 with total page 210 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Scoring the Hollywood Actor in the 1950s theorises the connections between film acting and film music using the films of the 1950s as case studies. Closely examining performances of such actors as James Dean, Montgomery Clift, and Marilyn Monroe, and films of directors like Elia Kazan, Douglas Sirk, and Alfred Hitchcock, this volume provides a comprehensive view of how screen performance has been musicalised, including examination of the role of music in relation to the creation of cinematic performances and the perception of an actor’s performance. The book also explores the idea of music as a temporal vector which mirrors the temporal vector of actors’ voices and movements, ultimately demonstrating how acting and music go together to create a forward axis of time in the films of the 1950s. This is a valuable resource for scholars and researchers of musicology, film music and film studies more generally.

The Leonard Bernstein Letters

Download The Leonard Bernstein Letters PDF

Author :
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780300186543
Pages : 625 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.3/5 (1 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review The Leonard Bernstein Letters :

Download or read book The Leonard Bernstein Letters written by Leonard Bernstein and published by Yale University Press. This book was released on 2013-10-29 with total page 625 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: “With their intellectual brilliance, humor and wonderful eye for detail, Leonard Bernstein’s letters blow all biographies out of the water.”—The Economist (2013 Book of the Year) Leonard Bernstein was a charismatic and versatile musician—a brilliant conductor who attained international superstar status, and a gifted composer of Broadway musicals (West Side Story), symphonies (Age of Anxiety), choral works (Chichester Psalms), film scores (On the Waterfront), and much more. Bernstein was also an enthusiastic letter writer, and this book is the first to present a wide-ranging selection of his correspondence. The letters have been selected for the insights they offer into the passions of his life—musical and personal—and the extravagant scope of his musical and extra-musical activities. Bernstein’s letters tell much about this complex man, his collaborators, his mentors, and others close to him. His galaxy of correspondents encompassed, among others, Aaron Copland, Stephen Sondheim, Jerome Robbins, Thornton Wilder, Boris Pasternak, Bette Davis, Adolph Green, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, and family members including his wife Felicia and his sister Shirley. The majority of these letters have never been published before. They have been carefully chosen to demonstrate the breadth of Bernstein’s musical interests, his constant struggle to find the time to compose, his turbulent and complex sexuality, his political activities, and his endless capacity for hard work. Beyond all this, these writings provide a glimpse of the man behind the legends: his humanity, warmth, volatility, intellectual brilliance, wonderful eye for descriptive detail, and humor. “The correspondence from and to the remarkable conductor is full of pleasure and insights.”—The New York Times Book Review (Editors’ Choice) “Exhaustive, thrilling [and] indispensable.”—USA Today (starred review)

Leonard Bernstein

Download Leonard Bernstein PDF

Author :
Publisher : Faber & Faber
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780571337941
Pages : 608 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (713 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Leonard Bernstein :

Download or read book Leonard Bernstein written by Humphrey Burton CBE and published by Faber & Faber. This book was released on 2017-11-14 with total page 608 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Composer, pianist, author, television teacher, Harvard lecturer, cultural icon, humanist and conductor without peer, Leonard Bernstein's versatility was legendary. He captivated Broadway with such hits as On the Town and West Side Story and introduced middle America to classical music with his Young People's Concerts on television. He composed three symphonies and a full-length opera, and he inspired the world's leading orchestras to give some of the most memorable performances of the twentieth century. Humphrey Burton was given exclusive access to Bernstein's rich legacy of letters and papers, and the book draws on hundreds of interviews with family, friends and colleagues to reveal Bernstein's fascinating and complex personality. His compelling narrative captures Bernstein's high-spirited vitality on the page, providing a frank account of his homosexuality and his marriage and chronicling the lifelong conflict between the rival claims of Bernstein's conducting and composing careers. 'Humphrey Burton has written a very detailed and candid account of his friend ... The mass of material is superbly handled ... [Bernstein] was a musical genius and he deserves this measured and meticulous biography.' Sunday Telegraph

On the Waterfront

Download On the Waterfront PDF

Author :
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781838717490
Pages : 80 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.8/5 (387 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review On the Waterfront :

Download or read book On the Waterfront written by Leo Braudy and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2019-07-25 with total page 80 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: I could have been a contender, I could have been somebody.' So speaks the haunted former boxer Terry Malloy (Marlon Brando) to his brother Charley (Rod Steiger) in a scene from On the Waterfront (Elia Kazan, 1954) that is one of the most famous in all cinema. Set among unionised New York longshoremen, Kazan's film (from a screenplay by Budd Schulberg) recounts Terry's struggle against corruption and his ultimate, hard-won victory. The marvellous performances of Brando, Steiger and Eva Marie Saint (as well as Karl Malden and Lee J. Cobb), Boris Kaufman's photography and Leonard Bernstein's score all justify the film's fame. But On the Waterfront is also notorious, regarded by many as an attempt at justifying the decision on the part of Kazan (and Schulberg) to name names before the House UnAmerican Activities Committee. That controversial decision is still incendiary today (as was evidenced in the furore that surrounded Kazan's Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1999). With Kazan's death in 2003 and Brando's in 2004, a reappraisalof On the Waterfront is timely and necessary. In this definitive study, Leo Braudy tells the complicated story of the film's production. He revisits the facts behind the controversy of Kazan's testimony but, above all, he analyses the elements which contribute to the enduring appeal of On the Waterfront: the Method-inspired acting, the music and cinematography, the use of authentic locations and its powerfully symbolic depiction of post-war American values.

Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music

Download Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music PDF

Author :
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781538122983
Pages : 546 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.5/5 (381 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music :

Download or read book Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music written by Nicole V. Gagné and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2019-07-17 with total page 546 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on the most important composers, musicians, methods, styles, and media in modernist and postmodern classical music.

The Invisible Art of Film Music

Download The Invisible Art of Film Music PDF

Author :
Publisher : Scarecrow Press
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780810883987
Pages : 624 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.8/5 (18 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review The Invisible Art of Film Music :

Download or read book The Invisible Art of Film Music written by Laurence E. MacDonald and published by Scarecrow Press. This book was released on 2013-05-02 with total page 624 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this updated and expanded edition of The Invisible Art of Film Music, Laurence MacDonald provides a comprehensive introduction to film music for the general student, the film historian, and the aspiring cinematographer. This volume is a historically structured account of the evolution of music in films and the development of the films themselves. Arranged as a chronological survey from the silent era to the present day, this volume offers readers insight into the vital contribution film scores have made.

On the Road and Off the Record with Leonard Bernstein

Download On the Road and Off the Record with Leonard Bernstein PDF

Author :
Publisher : Charlesbridge Publishing
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781632892195
Pages : 275 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.6/5 (328 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review On the Road and Off the Record with Leonard Bernstein :

Download or read book On the Road and Off the Record with Leonard Bernstein written by Charlie Harmon and published by Charlesbridge Publishing. This book was released on 2018-05-08 with total page 275 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Celebrating Leonard Bernstein's centenary with an intimate and detailed look at the public and private life of the Maestro written by his former assistant. Foreword by Broadway legend Harold Prince. "An affectionate portrait of an eminent musician who was driven by demons." —Kirkus Reviews "Harmon’s personable and warm account of what it was like to work for one of the twentieth century’s musical giants casts new light on Bernstein and his world." —Booklist "This multifaceted perspective gives readers plenty of salacious gossip paired with insight into Leonard Bernstein’s remarkable artistic achievements later in life." —Library Journal On the Road is a colorfully written, unforgettably entertaining and unputdownable book, and is available just in time for LB’s 100th birthday. Unreservedly recommended. —Fanfare Magazine Leonard Bernstein reeked of cheap cologne and obviously hadn't showered, shaved, or slept in a while. Was he drunk to boot? He greeted his new assistant with "What are you drinking?" Yes, he was drunk. Charlie Harmon was hired to manage the day-to-day parts of Bernstein's life. There was one additional responsibility: make sure Bernstein met the deadline for an opera commission. But things kept getting in the way: the centenary of Igor Stravinsky, intestinal parasites picked up in Mexico, teaching all summer in Los Angeles, a baker's dozen of young men, plus depression, exhaustion, insomnia, and cut-throat games of anagrams. Did the opera get written? For four years, Charlie saw Bernstein every day, as his social director, gatekeeper, valet, music copyist, and itinerant orchestra librarian. He packed (and unpacked) Bernstein's umpteen pieces of luggage, got the Maestro to his concerts, kept him occupied changing planes in Zurich, Anchorage, Tokyo, or Madrid, and learned how to make small talk with mayors, ambassadors, a chancellor, a queen, and a Hollywood legend or two. How could anyone absorb all those people and places? Because there was music: late-night piano duets, or the Maestro's command to accompany an audition, or, by the way, the greatest orchestras in the world. Charlie did it, and this is what it was like, told for the first time.

A Student's Guide to AS Music for the Edexcel Specification

Download A Student's Guide to AS Music for the Edexcel Specification PDF

Author :
Publisher : Rhinegold Publishing Ltd
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780946890903
Pages : 152 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.9/5 (468 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review A Student's Guide to AS Music for the Edexcel Specification :

Download or read book A Student's Guide to AS Music for the Edexcel Specification written by Paul Terry and published by Rhinegold Publishing Ltd. This book was released on 2001-01 with total page 152 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This guide to AS level music includes: ideas on how to integrate skills in understanding music with work in performing/composing; questions that students can use to check their understanding; summaries of the full specifications; and coverage of all the set works prescribed for the areas of study.

Experiencing Leonard Bernstein

Download Experiencing Leonard Bernstein PDF

Author :
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781442235441
Pages : 220 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.4/5 (422 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Experiencing Leonard Bernstein :

Download or read book Experiencing Leonard Bernstein written by Kenneth LaFave and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2014-10-30 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Leonard Bernstein is a household name. Most know him for his classic musical reworking of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet as Broadway’s West Side Story. But Bernstein accomplished so much more as a composer, and his body of work is both broad and varied. He composed ballets (Fancy Free, Facsimile, Dybbuk), operas (Trouble in Tahiti, Candide, A Quiet Place), musicals (On the Town, Wonderful Town), film scores (On the Waterfront), symphonies, choral works, chamber music pieces, art songs, and piano works. In Experiencing Leonard Bernstein: A Listener’s Companion, Kenneth LaFave guides readers past Bernstein’s famously tortured personal problems and into the clarity and balance of his Serenade after Plato’s Symposium for Violin and Orchestra, the intense drama of his music for On the Waterfront, the existential cosmography of his three symphonies, and his vibrant works for the musical stage. Perhaps the most famous American classical musician born in the twentieth century, Bernstein divided his time between composing, conducting, writing, and teaching, a busy schedule—especially his conducting of major orchestras—that set his work as composer at a disadvantage. Often generated in short spurts, his work carries an urgency—and even an element of improvisational genius—that he flavored with his eclectic embrace of jazz, folk song, Jewish cantorial music, and innovations in contemporary classical theory. The result is a body of work that is beguilingly melodic, incomparably rhythmic, and irrepressibly individual. Experiencing Leonard Bernstein: A Listener’s Companion is the ideal work for any reader seeking to learn how to listen across the spectrum of Bernstein’s musical output.

Bernstein and Robbins

Download Bernstein and Robbins PDF

Author :
Publisher : Boydell & Brewer
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781648250057
Pages : 323 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.6/5 (482 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Bernstein and Robbins :

Download or read book Bernstein and Robbins written by Sophie Redfern and published by Boydell & Brewer. This book was released on 2021-01-21 with total page 323 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Leonard Bernstein and choreographer Jerome Robbins stand as giants of the musical-theatre world, but it was ballet that launched their stage careers and established their relationship. With Fancy Free (1944), their triumphant debut collaboration produced by Ballet Theatre, Bernstein, Robbins, and set designer Oliver Smith-all in their mid-twenties- captured the spirit of wartime New York, created a defining ballet of the period still widely performed today, and became overnight sensations. The hit musical On the Town (1944) and a now largely forgotten ballet, Facsimile (1946), followed over the next two years. Drawing extensively on previously unpublished archival documents, Bernstein and Robbins: The Early Ballets provides a richly detailed and original historical account of the creation, premiere, and reception of Fancy Free and Facsimile. It reveals the vital and sometimes conflicting role of Ballet Theatre, explores how Bernstein composed the scores, sheds light on the central importance of Oliver Smith, and considers the legacy of these works for all involved. The result is a new understanding of Bernstein, Robbins, and this formative period in their lives.

“Keep ’Em in the East”

Download “Keep ’Em in the East” PDF

Author :
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780231553872
Pages : pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.2/5 (315 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review “Keep ’Em in the East” :

Download or read book “Keep ’Em in the East” written by Richard Koszarski and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2021-07-20 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The year 1955 was a watershed one for New York’s film industry: Elia Kazan’s On the Waterfront took home eight Oscars, and, more quietly, Stanley Kubrick released the low-budget classic Killer’s Kiss. A wave of films that changed how American movies were made soon followed, led by directors such as Sidney Lumet, William Friedkin, Francis Ford Coppola, and Martin Scorsese. Yet this resurgence could not have occurred without a deeply rooted tradition of local film production. Richard Koszarski chronicles the compelling and often surprising origins of New York’s postwar film renaissance, looking beyond such classics as Naked City, Kiss of Death, and Portrait of Jennie. He examines the social, cultural, and economic forces that shaped New York filmmaking, from city politics to union regulations, and shows how decades of low-budget independent production taught local filmmakers how to capture the city’s grit, liveliness, and allure. He reveals the importance of “race films”—all-Black productions intended for segregated African American audiences—that not only helped keep the film business afloat but also nurtured a core group of writers, directors, designers, and technicians. Detailed production histories of On the Waterfront and Killer’s Kiss—films that appear here in a completely new light—illustrate the distinctive characteristics of New York cinema. Drawing on a vast array of research—including studio libraries, censorship records, union archives, and interviews with participants—“Keep ’Em in the East” rewrites a crucial chapter in the history of American cinema.

Conductors and Composers of Popular Orchestral Music

Download Conductors and Composers of Popular Orchestral Music PDF

Author :
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781135917708
Pages : 334 pages
File : PDF, EPUB, or MOBI
Rating : 4.1/5 (359 users download)


GO BOOK!


Summary Book Review Conductors and Composers of Popular Orchestral Music :

Download or read book Conductors and Composers of Popular Orchestral Music written by Naomi Musiker and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2014-02-25 with total page 334 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: World-wide in scope and focusing on the second half of the 20th century, this work provides biographies and discographies of some 500 composers and conductors of light and popular orchestral music, including film, show, theatre and mood music. The book is arranged in two sequences: 1) Biographies and select discographies, both arranged alphabetically, of the well-known and better-known conductors and composers. These entries also include a list of suggested reading for those wishing to further their studies; and 2) Select discographies of conductors about whom little or no biographical information is available. The bibliography at the end of the book covers discographical sources, popular music and film music. This is the first time that the lives and recordings of such artists as Kostelanetz, Faith, and Gould as well as the orchestral recordings of such great popular composers as Gershwin, Kern, Porter, Rodgers, Berlin and Coward have been documented and presented in an encyclopedic form.