Progress in Computational Physics of Matter

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Publisher : World Scientific
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ISBN 10 : 9810224044
Pages : 288 pages
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Summary Book Review Progress in Computational Physics of Matter :

Download or read book Progress in Computational Physics of Matter written by Luciano Reatto and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 1995 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The aim of the book is to describe some of the recent advances, through computer simulation in a broad sense, in the understanding of the complex processes occurring in solids and liquids.The rapid growth of computer power, including the new parallel processors, has stimulated a ferment of new theoretical and computational ideas, which have been developed in particular by the authors in a pluriennal research project supported by Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) for the development of novel software for large scale computations.The book will cover advances in ab initio (Car-Parrinello) molecular dynamics, quantum monte carlo simulations, self-consistent density functional computation of electronic states, classical molecular dynamics simulation of thermodynamic processes, chemical reactions and transport properties.Besides the description of the results of these techniques in leading edge applications, the book will address specific aspects of the algorithms and software which have been developed by the authors in order to implement in an efficient way the new theoretical advances in these computationally intensive problems.These aspects which are generally not discussed in any detail in the literature, can be of great help for newcomers in the field.

Computational Approaches in Condensed-Matter Physics

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9783642848216
Pages : 299 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (428 users download)


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Summary Book Review Computational Approaches in Condensed-Matter Physics :

Download or read book Computational Approaches in Condensed-Matter Physics written by Seiji Miyashita and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 299 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Interacting many-body systems are the main subjects of research in theoretical condensed matter physics, and they are the source of both the interest and the difficulty in this field. In order to understand the macroscopic properties of matter in terms of macroscopic knowledge, many analytic and approximate methods have been introduced. The contributions to this proceedings volume focus on the most recent developments of computational approaches in condensed matter physics. Monte Carlo methods and molecular dynamics simulations applied to strongly correlated classical and quantum systems such as electron systems, quantum spin systems, spin glassss, coupled map systems, polymers and other random and comlex systems are reviewed. Comprising easy to follow introductions to each field covered and also more specialized contributions,this proceedings volume explains why computational approaches are necessary and how different fields are related to each other.

New Approaches to Problems in Liquid State Theory

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401145640
Pages : 521 pages
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Summary Book Review New Approaches to Problems in Liquid State Theory :

Download or read book New Approaches to Problems in Liquid State Theory written by Carlo Caccamo and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 521 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The theory of simple and complex fluids has made considerable recent progress, due to the emergence of new concepts and theoretical tools, and also to the availability of a large body of new experimental data on increas ingly complex systems, as well as far-reaching methodological developments in numerical simulations. This AS! aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of the most significant theoretical developments, supplemented by a few presentations of cutting-edge simulation and experimental work. The impact of the Institute in the overall landscape of Statistical Mechanics received an important recognition with its inclusion in the list of satellite events of STATPHYS20, the triennal international conference on Statistical Physics held in Paris in July 1998. These Proceedings contain the texts of the 13 Lecture Courses and 9 Invited Seminars delivered at Patti. Two clear trends emerge from these Proceedings: first, the diversity of new and unexpected theoretical results relating to classic models of liq uids, which have recently been subjected to fresh scrutiny; and secondly the parallel emergence of new concepts, models and methods, aimed at investigating complex fluids and phenomena, like the phase behaviour of fluids in pores, macromolecular assemblies, and the glass transition. Many of the new tools have their roots in traditional liquid state theory, and, in conjunction with fresh input from related fields, allow it wider applicability.

New Directions in Antimatter Chemistry and Physics

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9780306476136
Pages : 850 pages
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Summary Book Review New Directions in Antimatter Chemistry and Physics :

Download or read book New Directions in Antimatter Chemistry and Physics written by Clifford M. Surko and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2007-05-08 with total page 850 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is the outgrowth of a workshop held in October, 2000 at the Institute for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics at the Harvard- Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, MA. The aim of this book (similar in theme to the workshop) is to present an overview of new directions in antimatter physics and chemistry research. The emphasis is on positron and positronium interactions both with themselves and with ordinary matter. The timeliness of this subject comes from several considerations. New concepts for intense positron sources and the development of positron accumulators and trap-based positron beams provide qualitatively new experimental capabilities. On the theoretical side, the ability to model complex systems and complex processes has increased dramatically in recent years, due in part to progress in computational physics. There are presently an intriguing variety of phenomena that await theoretical explanation. It is virtually assured that the new experimental capabilities in this area will lead to a rapid expansion of this list. This book is organized into four sections: The first section discusses potential new experimental capabilities and the uses and the progress that might be made with them. The second section discusses topics involving antihydrogen and many-body phenomena, including Bose condensation of positronium atoms and positron interactions with materials. The final two sections treat a range of topics involving positron and positronium interactions with atoms and molecules.

An Introduction to Computational Physics

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0521825695
Pages : 414 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (256 users download)


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Summary Book Review An Introduction to Computational Physics :

Download or read book An Introduction to Computational Physics written by Tao Pang and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2006-01-19 with total page 414 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This advanced textbook provides an introduction to the basic methods of computational physics.

Spectroscopic Techniques in Biophysics

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Publisher : IOS Press
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ISBN 10 : 1586030361
Pages : 298 pages
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Summary Book Review Spectroscopic Techniques in Biophysics :

Download or read book Spectroscopic Techniques in Biophysics written by Giorgio Mario Giacometti and published by IOS Press. This book was released on 2001 with total page 298 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume brings together the lectures given during the 1999 session of the School of Pure and Applied Biophysics. It concerns a number of spectroscopic tools, both experimental and computational, frequently encountered in biophysical research. The chapters of the book have been compiled from the lecture notes distributed among the participants at the school. The authors are specialists in their respective fields.

Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics

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Publisher : National Academies Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780309063494
Pages : 325 pages
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Summary Book Review Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics :

Download or read book Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics written by National Research Council and published by National Academies Press. This book was released on 1999-05-21 with total page 325 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book identifies opportunities, priorities, and challenges for the field of condensed-matter and materials physics. It highlights exciting recent scientific and technological developments and their societal impact and identifies outstanding questions for future research. Topics range from the science of modern technology to new materials and structures, novel quantum phenomena, nonequilibrium physics, soft condensed matter, and new experimental and computational tools. The book also addresses structural challenges for the field, including nurturing its intellectual vitality, maintaining a healthy mixture of large and small research facilities, improving the field's integration with other disciplines, and developing new ways for scientists in academia, government laboratories, and industry to work together. It will be of interest to scientists, educators, students, and policymakers.

Scientific and Engineering Computations for the 21st Century - Methodologies and Applications

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Publisher : Elsevier
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ISBN 10 : 0444509941
Pages : 396 pages
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Summary Book Review Scientific and Engineering Computations for the 21st Century - Methodologies and Applications :

Download or read book Scientific and Engineering Computations for the 21st Century - Methodologies and Applications written by M. Mori and published by Elsevier. This book was released on 2002-12-03 with total page 396 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The 20th century saw tremendous achievements and progress in science and technology. Undoubtedly, computers and computer-related technologies acted as one of vital catalysts for accelerating this progress in the latter half of the century. The contributions of mathematical sciences have been equally profound, and the synergy between mathematics and computer science has played a key role in accelerating the progress of both fields as well as science and engineering. Mathematical sciences will undoubtedly continue to play this vital role in this new century. In particular, mathematical modeling and numerical simulation will continue to be among the essential methodologies for solving massive and complex problems that arise in science, engineering and manufacturing. Underpinning this all from a sound, theoretical perspective will be numerical algorithms. In recognition of this observation, this volume focuses on the following specific topics. (1) Fundamental numerical algorithms (2) Applications of numerical algorithms (3) Emerging technologies. The articles included in this issue by experts on advanced scientific and engineering computations from numerous countries elucidate state-of-the-art achievements in these three topics from various angles and suggest the future directions. Although we cannot hope to cover all the aspects in scientific and engineering computations, we hope that the articles will interest, inform and inspire members of the science and engineering community.

Energy Research Abstracts

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ISBN 10 : PSU:000052606380
Pages : pages
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Summary Book Review Energy Research Abstracts :

Download or read book Energy Research Abstracts written by and published by . This book was released on 1994-10 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Computational Multiscale Modeling of Fluids and Solids

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9783540751168
Pages : 432 pages
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Summary Book Review Computational Multiscale Modeling of Fluids and Solids :

Download or read book Computational Multiscale Modeling of Fluids and Solids written by Martin Oliver Steinhauser and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2008 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The idea of the book is to provide a comprehensive overview of computational physics methods and techniques, that are used for materials modeling on different length and time scales. Each chapter first provides an overview of the physical basic principles which are the basis for the numerical and mathematical modeling on the respective length-scale. The book includes the micro-scale, the meso-scale and the macro-scale. The chapters follow this classification. The book will explain in detail many tricks of the trade of some of the most important methods and techniques that are used to simulate materials on the perspective levels of spatial and temporal resolution. Case studies are occasionally included to further illustrate some methods or theoretical considerations. Example applications for all techniques are provided, some of which are from the author’s own contributions to some of the research areas. Methods are explained, if possible, on the basis of the original publications but also references to standard text books established in the various fields are mentioned.

Binary Rare Earth Oxides

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9781402025693
Pages : 257 pages
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Summary Book Review Binary Rare Earth Oxides :

Download or read book Binary Rare Earth Oxides written by G. Adachi and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2006-07-10 with total page 257 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Binary Rare Earth Oxides is the first book in the field of rare earth oxides that provides coverage from the basic science through to recent advances. This book introduces the unique characteristics of the binary rare earth oxides with their chemistry, physics and applications. It provides a comprehensive review of all the characteristics of rare earth oxides, essential for scientists and engineers involved with rare earths, oxides, inorganic materials, ceramics, and structures. The binary rare earth oxides bring us a variety of interesting characteristics. Understanding their fundamental mechanisms builds a bridge between solid-state chemistry and materials science. The book begins with a brief introduction to binary rare earth oxides, their physical and chemical stabilities, polymorphism, crystal structures and phase transformation and the association with current applications. The book goes on to present the band structure of the oxides using several quantum chemical calculations, which belong to a newly developed area in the binary rare earth oxides. Central to this chapter are the characterizations of electrical, magnetic and optical properties, as well as details of single crystal growth and particle preparation methods that have progressed in recent years. Later chapters concentrate on thermo-chemical properties and trace determination techniques. The final chapter contains a variety of useful applications in various fields such as phosphors, glass abrasives, automotive catalysts, fuel cells, solid electrolytes, sunscreens, iron steels, and biological materials. This book is an invaluable resource for materials scientists and solid-state physicists and chemists with an interest in rare earth oxides, as well as advanced students and graduates who require an approach to familiarize them with this field. This book provides guidance through a comprehensive review of all the characteristics of binary rare earth oxides.

Advances in Applied Mechanics

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Publisher : Academic Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780323885201
Pages : 328 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (238 users download)


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Summary Book Review Advances in Applied Mechanics :

Download or read book Advances in Applied Mechanics written by Stephane P.A. Bordas and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2021-11-26 with total page 328 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Advances in Applied Mechanics, Volume 54 in this ongoing series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on Advanced geometry representations and tools for microstructural and multiscale modelling, Material Point Method: overview and challenges ahead, From Experimental Modeling of Shotcrete to Numerical Simulations of Tunneling, Mechanics of Hydrogel-Based Bioprinting: From 3D to 4D, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Applied Mechanics series

New Directions in Antimatter Chemistry and Physics

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Publisher : Springer
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9048157609
Pages : 850 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (576 users download)


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Summary Book Review New Directions in Antimatter Chemistry and Physics :

Download or read book New Directions in Antimatter Chemistry and Physics written by Clifford M. Surko and published by Springer. This book was released on 2010-12-08 with total page 850 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is the outgrowth of a workshop held in October, 2000 at the Institute for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics at the Harvard- Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, MA. The aim of this book (similar in theme to the workshop) is to present an overview of new directions in antimatter physics and chemistry research. The emphasis is on positron and positronium interactions both with themselves and with ordinary matter. The timeliness of this subject comes from several considerations. New concepts for intense positron sources and the development of positron accumulators and trap-based positron beams provide qualitatively new experimental capabilities. On the theoretical side, the ability to model complex systems and complex processes has increased dramatically in recent years, due in part to progress in computational physics. There are presently an intriguing variety of phenomena that await theoretical explanation. It is virtually assured that the new experimental capabilities in this area will lead to a rapid expansion of this list. This book is organized into four sections: The first section discusses potential new experimental capabilities and the uses and the progress that might be made with them. The second section discusses topics involving antihydrogen and many-body phenomena, including Bose condensation of positronium atoms and positron interactions with materials. The final two sections treat a range of topics involving positron and positronium interactions with atoms and molecules.

Book Review Index

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ISBN 10 : UVA:X004667564
Pages : 1520 pages
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Summary Book Review Book Review Index :

Download or read book Book Review Index written by and published by . This book was released on 2003 with total page 1520 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Vols. 8-10 of the 1965-1984 master cumulation constitute a title index.

Annual Reviews of Computational Physics V

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Publisher : World Scientific
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ISBN 10 : 9789814497275
Pages : 320 pages
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Summary Book Review Annual Reviews of Computational Physics V :

Download or read book Annual Reviews of Computational Physics V written by Dietrich Stauffer and published by World Scientific. This book was released on 1997-06-01 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this fifth volume of the authoritative series, the simulation of forest fires, flames, and hydrodynamics is presented in the first three articles. The next two deal with quantum simulations, in particular for two dimensions (quantum Hall effect and monolayers). Biology is connected with the last two articles: we learn from biological evolution to complement computer hardware and software with evolware, or we simulate immunology. Contents:Fire Spread in Natural Fuel: Computational Aspects (J A M S Duarte)Direct Numerical Simulation — A Tool to Study Turbulent Reacting Flows (M Baum)Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (J Moscinski et al.)Quantum Simulations in Materials Science: Molecular Monolayers and Crystals (P Nielaba)Criticality in the Integer Quantum Hall Effect (A Hansen et al.)Evolving Uniform and Non-Uniform Cellular Automata Networks (M Sipper)Modeling and Immune System: Architecture and Dynamics of Idiotypic Networks (K Lippert & U Behn) Readership: Students, researchers and scientists in computational physics, condensed matter physics, theoretical biology and engineering. keywords:Forest Fires;Fluid Dynamics;Immunology;Quantum Hall Effect

Computer Science Research Activities in Asia

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Publisher : DIANE Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 0788104594
Pages : 140 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (45 users download)


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Summary Book Review Computer Science Research Activities in Asia :

Download or read book Computer Science Research Activities in Asia written by David K. Kahaner and published by DIANE Publishing. This book was released on 1994 with total page 140 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Nonlinear PDE’s in Condensed Matter and Reactive Flows

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401003070
Pages : 526 pages
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Summary Book Review Nonlinear PDE’s in Condensed Matter and Reactive Flows :

Download or read book Nonlinear PDE’s in Condensed Matter and Reactive Flows written by Henri Berestycki and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 526 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nonlinear partial differential equations abound in modern physics. The problems arising in these fields lead to fascinating questions and, at the same time, progress in understanding the mathematical structures is of great importance to the models. Nevertheless, activity in one of the approaches is not always sufficiently in touch with developments in the other field. The book presents the joint efforts of mathematicians and physicists involved in modelling reactive flows, in particular superconductivity and superfluidity. Certain contributions are fundamental to an understanding of such cutting-edge research topics as rotating Bose-Einstein condensates, Kolmogorov-Zakharov solutions for weak turbulence equations, and the propagation of fronts in heterogeneous media.