Pulsation and Mass Loss in Stars

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789400930292
Pages : 336 pages
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Summary Book Review Pulsation and Mass Loss in Stars :

Download or read book Pulsation and Mass Loss in Stars written by R. Stalio and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stellar mass loss is an essential part of the cycling of material from the interstellar medium into stars and back, and must be understood if we are to model processes on galactic to cosmological scales. The study of stellar winds and the effects of stellar mass loss has reached a particularly exciting stage where observational capabilities are increasingly able to provide interesting constraints on models and theories. Recent resu1ts from theoretical and observational work for both hot and cool stars with substantial winds have led to the suggestion that a combination of pulsation with other mechanisms makes for particularly efficient mass loss from stars. This provided the original motivation for the organization of this workshop. The conference was organized along relatively conventional lines according to the types of objects being scrutinized. However the true unity of the proceedings comes from the interplay of the mechanisms involved. For example, for the cool, luminous Mira variables, pulsation leads to shock waves that extend the atmosphere, enhancing dust formation; radiation pressure on dust drives the wind, cooling the atmosphere and in some cases suppressing the shocks. Similarly for the Be stars, both pulsation (in this case, non-radial) and radiation pressure (due to UV resonance lines) are expected to be important, and this expectation is at least qualitatively borne out by the observations.

Pulsation, Rotation and Mass Loss in Early-Type Stars

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 0792330455
Pages : 550 pages
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Summary Book Review Pulsation, Rotation and Mass Loss in Early-Type Stars :

Download or read book Pulsation, Rotation and Mass Loss in Early-Type Stars written by Luis A. Balona and published by Springer. This book was released on 1994-08-31 with total page 550 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this Symposium, researchers specializing in pulsation, rotation, magnetic fields and stellar winds are brought together for the first time in order to broaden our understanding of O and B stars. Thanks to advances in digital spectroscopy, new types of pulsating B stars have been discovered. The pulsations can be understood in terms of the recent revision of metal opacities, but the effects of rapid rotation and magnetic fields need further study. Observations in the UV and X-ray regions demonstrate that many B and Be stars show other activity, besides pulsation which is not yet understood. The reason for the enhanced mass loss in Be stars is a question which dominates the Symposium and which remains unanswered, although it is surely to be found in activity at or near the photosphere coupled with rotation. It is shown that the geometry of the circumstellar envelopes around Be stars is indeed a flattened disk as they can now be optically resolved. The variability of radiatively-driven winds from O and B stars are likely related to the rotation of the star. This underlines the central theme of the book: that the various phenomena seen in these stars cannot be studied in isolation.

Pulsation, Rotation and Mass Loss in Early-Type Stars

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401110303
Pages : 550 pages
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Summary Book Review Pulsation, Rotation and Mass Loss in Early-Type Stars :

Download or read book Pulsation, Rotation and Mass Loss in Early-Type Stars written by Luis A. Balona and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 550 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this Symposium, researchers specializing in pulsation, rotation, magnetic fields and stellar winds are brought together for the first time in order to broaden our understanding of O and B stars. Thanks to advances in digital spectroscopy, new types of pulsating B stars have been discovered. The pulsations can be understood in terms of the recent revision of metal opacities, but the effects of rapid rotation and magnetic fields need further study. Observations in the UV and X-ray regions demonstrate that many B and Be stars show other activity, besides pulsation which is not yet understood. The reason for the enhanced mass loss in Be stars is a question which dominates the Symposium and which remains unanswered, although it is surely to be found in activity at or near the photosphere coupled with rotation. It is shown that the geometry of the circumstellar envelopes around Be stars is indeed a flattened disk as they can now be optically resolved. The variability of radiatively-driven winds from O and B stars are likely related to the rotation of the star. This underlines the central theme of the book: that the various phenomena seen in these stars cannot be studied in isolation.

Pulsating Stars

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9783527655205
Pages : 472 pages
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Summary Book Review Pulsating Stars :

Download or read book Pulsating Stars written by Márcio Catelan and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-02-02 with total page 472 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book surveys our understanding of stars which change in brightness because they pulsate. Pulsating variable stars are keys to distance scales inside and beyond the Milky Way galaxy. They test our understanding not only of stellar pulsation theory but also of stellar structure and evolution theory. Moreover, pulsating stars are important probes of the formation and evolution of our own and neighboring galaxies. Our understanding of pulsating stars has greatly increased in recent years as large-scale surveys of pulsating stars in the Milky Way and other Local Group galaxies have provided a wealth of new observations and as space-based instruments have studied particular pulsating stars in unprecedented detail.

Mass-Losing Pulsating Stars and their Circumstellar Matter

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401001397
Pages : 429 pages
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Summary Book Review Mass-Losing Pulsating Stars and their Circumstellar Matter :

Download or read book Mass-Losing Pulsating Stars and their Circumstellar Matter written by Y. Nakada and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 429 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Editing the proceedings of a scientific meeting is not an easy task. Sometimes people who give an excellent talk do not send the manuscript by the deadline. However, this time, thanks to the punctuality of all the participants, we have this excellent volume for the workshop on mass losing pulsating stars and their circumstellar matter prepared in time. Almost all of the oral presentations including the summary are collected in this volume. We regret that we cannot put in this volume a few posters that we failed to receive before the editorial work. The workshop was planned as a small meeting with less than fifty attendants because the city of Sendai was far from the most of the active institutions. However, the number of submitted papers exceeded the SOC's expectation; many interesting contributions had to be scheduled in the poster session. Still, the oral sessions were so tight that many participants might have felt frustrated for the shortage of discussions. The organizers of the workshop have to apologize to the attendants for the inconvenience caused from such a happy underestimate about the size of the workshop.

New Perspectives on Stellar Pulsation and Pulsating Variable Stars

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0521443822
Pages : 474 pages
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Summary Book Review New Perspectives on Stellar Pulsation and Pulsating Variable Stars :

Download or read book New Perspectives on Stellar Pulsation and Pulsating Variable Stars written by International Astronomical Union. Colloquium and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1993-10-21 with total page 474 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How can the interior of the Sun, white dwarfs and other stars be studied by stellar seismology? What can Doppler imaging tell us about high-degree pulsations? What impact are CCD and infrared observations having on extending the Cepheid and RR Lyrae distance scale? And how are other classes of pulsators providing independent checks of the distance scale? These and many other critical questions are answered in this timely review of the dramatic advances made in pulsating star research in the last decade. This survey collects together more than thirty comprehensive reviews and over one hundred summaries of research papers from the 139th IAU Colloquium, held in Victoria, British Columbia. Together these cover all aspects of recent developments in the field of variable star research and preview some of the exciting advances anticipated for the next decade. This volume provides an essential review for graduate students and researchers.

Mass Outflows from Stars and Galactic Nuclei

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789400929418
Pages : 440 pages
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Summary Book Review Mass Outflows from Stars and Galactic Nuclei :

Download or read book Mass Outflows from Stars and Galactic Nuclei written by Luciana Bianchi and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 440 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The objective of this workshop was to put together observational and theoretical works on outflows from different kinds of astrophysical objects, occurring on different scales and at various evolutionary phases, and to discuss the impact of observations from future space missions. For the stars, we thought to follow throughout the evolution the relevance (rates and dynamical rrodes) of the mass loss phenomenon, e. g. to explain how and when massive stars loose most of their ini tial mass to end up with typical WD masses. The observations of the solar wind were included for being a unique case where the origin and propagation of the outflow can be resolved. We thought that the comparison with similar phenomena occurring in galactic outflows would be fruitful, as demonstrated by recent works on galactic winds and jets. The interest of having this workshop in Torino came because there are groups in this area, at the Astronomical Observatory and at the Institute of Physics of the University, involved in the theoretical and observational studies of outflows from astrophysical objects. The members of the Scientific Organizing Conmi ttee were: V. Castellani, C. Cesarski, P. Conti, A. Ferrari, A. Gabriel, M. Grewing, Y. Kondo, H. Lamers, V. Manno, M. Rees and R. Schilizzi. The Local Organizing Conmi ttee was: L. Bianchi, G. Massone and E. Antonucci. During the workshop the following topics were treated: the solar wind, the mass loss from cool stars and from hot stars (m. s.

Stellar Pulsation - Nonlinear Studies

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401596985
Pages : 220 pages
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Summary Book Review Stellar Pulsation - Nonlinear Studies :

Download or read book Stellar Pulsation - Nonlinear Studies written by Mine Takeuti and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-03-09 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stellar pulsations provide a complex system in stars. This complexity is studied by analyzing the non-sinusoidal, semi-regular, or irregular light curves. This unique volume summarizes the application of recent theoretical results obtained from stellar pulsation studies. In addition, the latest developments in hydrodynamic simulations are discussed. A historical sketch of the study of beat Cepheids, first known for their variable amplitudes, is given as an introduction to the book. This introduction clearly demonstrates how complicated the study of variable stars can be, and therefore challenges and invites the reader to study the entire book.

Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9401074461
Pages : 365 pages
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Summary Book Review Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars :

Download or read book Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars written by L.A. Willson and published by Springer. This book was released on 2011-09-28 with total page 365 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Fundamental unsolved problems of stellar astrophysics include the effects of angular momentum on stellar structure and evolution, the nature and efficiency of the processes by which angular momentum is redistributed within and lost from stars, and the role that stellar rotation plays in enhancing or driving stellar mass loss. There appears to be a qualitative change in the nature and efficiency of these mechanisms near spectral type FO: hotter (more massive) stars typically retain more angular momentum at least until they reach the main sequence, while cooler stars typically spin down quickly. For the hotter stars, recent work suggests a strong link between the type of pulsation behavior, the mass loss rates, and the rotation velocity. If the same mechanisms are able to drive mass loss from the main sequence A stars, as has recently been proposed, then the current interpretations of a number of observations will be drastically affected: e. g. the ages of clusters may be incorrect by up to a factor of two, and the surface abundances of isotopes of He, Li and Be may no longer give constraints on cosmological nucleosynthesis. There are also effects on the evolution of the abundances of elements in the interstellar medium and on the general evolution of populations of stars. Thus the questions of the mechanisms of angular momentum and mass loss of stars more massive than the sun is important not only for stellar studies but for the foundations of much of modern astrophysics.

Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789400921054
Pages : 365 pages
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Summary Book Review Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars :

Download or read book Angular Momentum and Mass Loss for Hot Stars written by L.A. Willson and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 365 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Fundamental unsolved problems of stellar astrophysics include the effects of angular momentum on stellar structure and evolution, the nature and efficiency of the processes by which angular momentum is redistributed within and lost from stars, and the role that stellar rotation plays in enhancing or driving stellar mass loss. There appears to be a qualitative change in the nature and efficiency of these mechanisms near spectral type FO: hotter (more massive) stars typically retain more angular momentum at least until they reach the main sequence, while cooler stars typically spin down quickly. For the hotter stars, recent work suggests a strong link between the type of pulsation behavior, the mass loss rates, and the rotation velocity. If the same mechanisms are able to drive mass loss from the main sequence A stars, as has recently been proposed, then the current interpretations of a number of observations will be drastically affected: e. g. the ages of clusters may be incorrect by up to a factor of two, and the surface abundances of isotopes of He, Li and Be may no longer give constraints on cosmological nucleosynthesis. There are also effects on the evolution of the abundances of elements in the interstellar medium and on the general evolution of populations of stars. Thus the questions of the mechanisms of angular momentum and mass loss of stars more massive than the sun is important not only for stellar studies but for the foundations of much of modern astrophysics.

Relations Between Chromospheric-coronal Heating and Mass Loss in Stars

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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015051246000
Pages : 424 pages
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Summary Book Review Relations Between Chromospheric-coronal Heating and Mass Loss in Stars :

Download or read book Relations Between Chromospheric-coronal Heating and Mass Loss in Stars written by Roberto Stalio and published by . This book was released on 1985 with total page 424 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Reports on Astronomy

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789400953925
Pages : 726 pages
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Summary Book Review Reports on Astronomy :

Download or read book Reports on Astronomy written by Richard M. West and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 726 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: volume XIX A of IAU Transactions contains the reports by Presidents of Commissions, covering the period July 1981 - June 1984. The topics of IAU Commissions deal with all of contemporary astronomy and the present volume therefore constitutes an exhaustive and unique record of astronomical research during this interval. It is particularly useful for astronomers and other scientists who want to gain an overview of a certain field, not necessarily near their own research area. Each Commission President was requested, by early 1984, to begin prep arations for the compilation of his/her Commission report. All members of Commissions were asked to supply details about their individual research pro grammes. The ensuing, very substantial task of concatenating was undertaken in late 1984 by the Presidents, often supported by a team of authors, all recog nized authorities in their fields. In order to preserve some measure of uni formity - which is in any case very difficult with so many authors - editorial guidelines were sent to Presidents, including the number of pages allotted to each Commission.

Literature 1988, Part 2

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9783662123676
Pages : 1305 pages
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Summary Book Review Literature 1988, Part 2 :

Download or read book Literature 1988, Part 2 written by Astronomisches Rechen-Institut and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-06-29 with total page 1305 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From the reviews: "Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts has appeared in semi-annual volumes since 1969 and it has already become one of the fundamental publications in the fields of astronomy, astrophysics and neighbouring sciences. It is the most important English-language abstracting journal in the mentioned branches. ...The abstracts are classified under more than a hundred subject categories, thus permitting a quick survey of the whole extended material. The AAA is a valuable and important publication for all students and scientists working in the fields of astronomy and related sciences. As such it represents a necessary ingredient of any astronomical library all over the world." Space Science Reviews#1 "Dividing the whole field plus related subjects into 108 categories, each work is numbered and most are accompanied by brief abstracts. Fairly comprehensive cross-referencing links relevant papers to more than one category, and exhaustive author and subject indices are to be found at the back, making the catalogues easy to use. The series appears to be so complete in its coverage and always less than a year out of date that I shall certainly have to make a little more space on those shelves for future volumes." The Observatory Magazine#2

Circumstellar Matter 1994

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401101479
Pages : 618 pages
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Summary Book Review Circumstellar Matter 1994 :

Download or read book Circumstellar Matter 1994 written by Graeme D. Watt and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 618 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The conference recorded in this volume was one of the events organised to celebrate the centenary of the (re)establishment of the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh, on Blackford Hill in 1884. Circumstellar Matter was selected as the topic because of important contributions toward research in the field by recent observations in the infrared and submillimetre, particularly with the two telescopes which the Observatory has both operated and built instru mentation for - the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) and the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT). The programme aimed to cover as many aspects of circumstellar matter as could fit into a one-week meeting, omitting only planetary nebulae, which had been well served by meetings in the previous two years. We thank the international scientific advisory com mittee (overleaf) for their help in selecting the Invited Reviewers around which the programme was built. The Invited Reviews and oral contributions are included in the order and sections in which they were presented, even where re-ordering might have been more logical. We did not attempt to categorise the poster contributions but have included them in alphabetical order. An evening session for viewing and discussing posters in an unhurried atmosphere was very successful. A competition for the best poster was held and the prize was awarded for that by Lindqvist, Lucas, Olofsson, Omont, Eriksson & Gustafsson.

Pulsating Stars

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9783527407156
Pages : 484 pages
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Summary Book Review Pulsating Stars :

Download or read book Pulsating Stars written by Márcio Catelan and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2015-03-23 with total page 484 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book surveys our understanding of stars which change in brightness because they pulsate. Pulsating variable stars are keys to distance scales inside and beyond the Milky Way galaxy. They test our understanding not only of stellar pulsation theory but also of stellar structure and evolution theory. Moreover, pulsating stars are important probes of the formation and evolution of our own and neighboring galaxies. Our understanding of pulsating stars has greatly increased in recent years as large-scale surveys of pulsating stars in the Milky Way and other Local Group galaxies have provided a wealth of new observations and as space-based instruments have studied particular pulsating stars in unprecedented detail.

The Carbon Star Phenomenon

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 0792363469
Pages : 672 pages
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Summary Book Review The Carbon Star Phenomenon :

Download or read book The Carbon Star Phenomenon written by International Astronomical Union. Symposium and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2000-07-31 with total page 672 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Proceedings of the 177th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, held in Antalya, Turkey, May 27-31, 1996

Stellar Pulsations

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ISBN 10 : 9783642296307
Pages : 294 pages
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Summary Book Review Stellar Pulsations :

Download or read book Stellar Pulsations written by J.C. Suárez and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-10-20 with total page 294 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Analyses of photometric time series obtained from the MOST, CoRoT and Kepler space missions were presented at the 20th conference on Stellar Pulsations (Granada, September 2011). These results are leading to a re-appraisal of our views on stellar pulsation in some stars and posing some new and unexpected challenges. The very important and exciting role played by innovative ground-based observational techniques, such as interferometric measurements of giant pulsating stars and high-resolution spectroscopy in the near infrared, is also discussed. These Proceedings are distinguished by the format of the conference, which brings together a variety of related but different topics not found in other meetings of this nature.