Sex, Dissidence and Damnation

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781136127083
Pages : 212 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (361 users download)


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Summary Book Review Sex, Dissidence and Damnation :

Download or read book Sex, Dissidence and Damnation written by Jeffrey Richards and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-09-13 with total page 212 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For the authorities in medieval Europe, dissent struck at the roots of an ordered, settled world. It was to be crushed - initially by reason and argument, eventually by torture. Jeffrey Richards examines the wretched lives of heretics, witches, Jews, lepers and homosexuals and uncovers a common motive for their persecution: sexual aberrance.

Sex, Dissidence and Damnation

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781136127007
Pages : 212 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (361 users download)


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Summary Book Review Sex, Dissidence and Damnation :

Download or read book Sex, Dissidence and Damnation written by Jeffrey Richards and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-09-13 with total page 212 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: For the authorities in medieval Europe, dissent struck at the roots of an ordered, settled world. It was to be crushed - initially by reason and argument, eventually by torture. Jeffrey Richards examines the wretched lives of heretics, witches, Jews, lepers and homosexuals and uncovers a common motive for their persecution: sexual aberrance.

Contesting the Middle Ages

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317496090
Pages : 344 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (174 users download)


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Summary Book Review Contesting the Middle Ages :

Download or read book Contesting the Middle Ages written by John Aberth and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2018-10-03 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Contesting the Middle Ages is a thorough exploration of recent arguments surrounding nine hotly debated topics: the decline and fall of Rome, the Viking invasions, the Crusades, the persecution of minorities, sexuality in the Middle Ages, women within medieval society, intellectual and environmental history, the Black Death, and, lastly, the waning of the Middle Ages. The historiography of the Middle Ages, a term in itself controversial amongst medieval historians, has been continuously debated and rewritten for centuries. In each chapter, John Aberth sets out key historiographical debates in an engaging and informative way, encouraging students to consider the process of writing about history and prompting them to ask questions even of already thoroughly debated subjects, such as why the Roman Empire fell, or what significance the Black Death had both in the late Middle Ages and beyond. Sparking discussion and inspiring examination of the past and its ongoing significance in modern life, Contesting the Middle Ages is essential reading for students of medieval history and historiography.

ATTITUDES TOWARD POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN IN THE HIGH AND LATE MIDDLE AGES, 1100-1400

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Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781456898052
Pages : 88 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (568 users download)


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Summary Book Review ATTITUDES TOWARD POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN IN THE HIGH AND LATE MIDDLE AGES, 1100-1400 :

Download or read book ATTITUDES TOWARD POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN IN THE HIGH AND LATE MIDDLE AGES, 1100-1400 written by Jessica E. Godfrey and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2011-03-31 with total page 88 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Very little has been written on the subject of old age in pre-industrial Europe and even less on old women. The topic of post-menopausal women in the Middle Ages has not received much attention in historical scholarship. Attitudes Toward Post-Menopausal Women in the High and Late Middle Ages, 1100-1400, examines didactic and prescriptive sources, literary sources, and evidence of lived lives in regard to post-menopausal women during the High and Late Middle Ages in England, France, Germany, the Low Countries, and Italy. It investigates some of the attitudes and perceptions held by medieval writers concerning post-menopausal women and whether their discourses reflected or diverged from how they actually lived their lives.

Societal Breakdown and the Rise of the Early Modern State in Europe

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9780230610422
Pages : 233 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (36 users download)


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Summary Book Review Societal Breakdown and the Rise of the Early Modern State in Europe :

Download or read book Societal Breakdown and the Rise of the Early Modern State in Europe written by D. Shlapentokh and published by Springer. This book was released on 2008-01-21 with total page 233 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Shlapentokh asserts that asocial behavior in both medieval France and the contemporary West is not a marginal occurrence but rather a mainstream phenomena, and one that can often be stopped by strong force as the only antidote to social chaos.

Cultures of Darkness

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Publisher : NYU Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781583678183
Pages : pages
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Summary Book Review Cultures of Darkness :

Download or read book Cultures of Darkness written by Bryan D. Palmer and published by NYU Press. This book was released on 2019-02-15 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Peasants, religious heretics, witches, pirates, runaway slaves, prostitutes and pornographers, frequenters of taverns and fraternal society lodge rooms, revolutionaries, blues and jazz musicians, beats, and contemporary youth gangs--those who defied authority, choosing to live outside the defining cultural dominions of early insurgent and, later, dominant capitalism are what Bryan D. Palmer calls people of the night. These lives of opposition, or otherness, were seen by the powerful as deviant, rejecting authority, and consequently threatening to the established order. Constructing a rich historical tapestry of example and experience spanning eight centuries, Palmer details lives of exclusion and challenge, as the "night travels" of the transgressors clash repeatedly with the powerful conventions of their times. Nights of liberation and exhilarating desire--sexual and social--are at the heart of this study. But so too are the dangers of darkness, as marginality is coerced into corners of pressured confinement, or the night is used as a cover for brutalizing terror, as was the case in Nazi Germany or the lynching of African Americans. Making extensive use of the interdisciplinary literature of marginality found in scholarly work in history, sociology, cultural studies, literature, anthropology, and politics, Palmer takes an unflinching look at the rise and transformation of capitalism as it was lived by the dispossessed and those stamped with the mark of otherness.

Boundaries of the Law

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781351954884
Pages : 206 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (519 users download)


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Summary Book Review Boundaries of the Law :

Download or read book Boundaries of the Law written by Anthony Musson and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-07-05 with total page 206 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Exploring the boundaries of the law as they existed in medieval and early modern times and as they have been perceived by historians, this volume offers a wide ranging insight into a key aspect of European society. Alongside, and inexorably linked with, the ecclesiastical establishment, the law was one of the main social bonds that shaped and directed the interactions of day-to-day life. Posing fascinating conceptual and methodological questions that challenge existing perceptions of the parameters of the law, the essays in this book look especially at the gender divide and conflicts of jurisdiction within an historical context. In addition to seeking to understand the discrete categories into which types of law and legal rules are sometimes placed, consideration is given to the traversing of boundaries, to the overlaps between jurisdictions, and between custom(s) and law(s). In so doing it shows how law has been artificially compartmentalised by historians and lawyers alike, and how existing perceptions have been conditioned by particular approaches to the sources. It also reveals in certain case studies how the sources themselves (and attitudes towards them) have determined the limitations of historical enterprise. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach to the subject, the contributors demonstrate the fruitfulness of examining the interfaces of apparently diverse disciplines. Making fresh connections across subject areas, they examine, for example, the role of geography in determining litigation strategies, how the law interacted with social and theological issues and how fact and fiction could intertwine to promote notions of justice and public order. The main focus of the volume is upon England, but includes useful comparative papers concerning France, Flanders and Sweden. The contributors are a mixture of young and established scholars from Europe and North America offering a new and revisionist perspective on the operation of law in the medieval and early modern periods.

Making Magic

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780190287924
Pages : 304 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (92 users download)


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Summary Book Review Making Magic :

Download or read book Making Magic written by Randall Styers and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2004-01-15 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Since the emergence of religious studies and the social sciences as academic disciplines, the concept of "magic" has played a major role in defining religion and in mediating the relation of religion to science. Across these disciplines, magic has regularly been configured as a definitively non-modern phenomenon, juxtaposed to distinctly modern models of religion and science. Yet this notion of magic has remained stubbornly amorphous. In Making Magic, Randall Styers seeks to account for the extraordinary vitality of scholarly discourse purporting to define and explain magic despite its failure to do just that. He argues that this persistence can best be explained in light of the Western drive to establish and secure distinctive norms for modern identity, norms based on narrow forms of instrumental rationality, industrious labor, rigidly defined sexual roles, and the containment of wayward forms of desire. Magic has served to designate a form of alterity or deviance against which dominant Western notions of appropriate religious piety, legitimate scientific rationality, and orderly social relations are brought into relief. Scholars have found magic an invaluable tool in their efforts to define the appropriate boundaries of religion and science. On a broader level, says Styers, magical thinking has served as an important foil for modernity itself. Debates over the nature of magic have offered a particularly rich site at which scholars have worked to define and to contest the nature of modernity and norms for life in the modern world.

Dystopia

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780191088629
Pages : 576 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (91 users download)


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Summary Book Review Dystopia :

Download or read book Dystopia written by Gregory Claeys and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-11-24 with total page 576 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Dystopia: A Natural History is the first monograph devoted to the concept of dystopia. Taking the term to encompass both a literary tradition of satirical works, mostly on totalitarianism, as well as real despotisms and societies in a state of disastrous collapse, this volume redefines the central concepts and the chronology of the genre and offers a paradigm-shifting understanding of the subject. Part One assesses the theory and prehistory of 'dystopia'. By contrast to utopia, conceived as promoting an ideal of friendship defined as 'enhanced sociability', dystopia is defined by estrangement, fear, and the proliferation of 'enemy' categories. A 'natural history' of dystopia thus concentrates upon the centrality of the passion or emotion of fear and hatred in modern despotisms. The work of Le Bon, Freud, and others is used to show how dystopian groups use such emotions. Utopia and dystopia are portrayed not as opposites, but as extremes on a spectrum of sociability, defined by a heightened form of group identity. The prehistory of the process whereby 'enemies' are demonised is explored from early conceptions of monstrosity through Christian conceptions of the devil and witchcraft, and the persecution of heresy. Part Two surveys the major dystopian moments in twentieth century despotisms, focussing in particular upon Nazi Germany, Stalinism, the Chinese Cultural Revolution, and Cambodia under Pol Pot. The concentration here is upon the political religion hypothesis as a key explanation for the chief excesses of communism in particular. Part Three examines literary dystopias. It commences well before the usual starting-point in the secondary literature, in anti-Jacobin writings of the 1790s. Two chapters address the main twentieth-century texts usually studied as representative of the genre, Aldous Huxley's Brave New World and George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four. The remainder of the section examines the evolution of the genre in the second half of the twentieth century down to the present.

Images of the Medieval Peasant

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Publisher : Stanford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0804733732
Pages : 496 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (337 users download)


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Summary Book Review Images of the Medieval Peasant :

Download or read book Images of the Medieval Peasant written by Paul H. Freedman and published by Stanford University Press. This book was released on 1999 with total page 496 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The medieval clergy, aristocracy, and commercial classes tended to regard peasants as objects of contempt and derision. In religious writings, satires, sermons, chronicles, and artistic representations peasants often appeared as dirty, foolish, dishonest, even as subhuman or bestial. Their lowliness was commonly regarded as a natural corollary of the drudgery of their agricultural toil. Yet, at the same time, the peasantry was not viewed as “other” in the manner of other condemned groups, such as Jews, lepers, Muslims, or the imagined “monstrous races” of the East. Several crucial characteristics of the peasantry rendered it less clearly alien from the elite perspective: peasants were not a minority, their work in the fields nourished all other social orders, and, most important, they were Christians. In other respects, peasants could be regarded as meritorious by virtue of their simple life, productive work, and unjust suffering at the hands of their exploitive social superiors. Their unrewarded sacrifice and piety were also sometimes thought to place them closest to God and more likely to win salvation. This book examines these conflicting images of peasants from the post-Carolingian period to the German Peasants’ War. It relates the representation of peasants to debates about how society should be organized (specifically, to how human equality at Creation led to subordination), how slavery and serfdom could be assailed or defended, and how peasants themselves structured and justified their demands. Though it was argued that peasants were legitimately subjugated by reason of nature or some primordial curse (such as that of Noah against his son Ham), there was also considerable unease about how the exploitation of those who were not completely alien—who were, after all, Christians—could be explained. Laments over peasant suffering as expressed in the literature might have a stylized quality, but this book shows how they were appropriated and shaped by peasants themselves, especially in the large-scale rebellions that characterized the late Middle Ages.

Constantine's Sword

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Publisher : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
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ISBN 10 : 0618219080
Pages : 756 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (19 users download)


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Summary Book Review Constantine's Sword :

Download or read book Constantine's Sword written by James Carroll and published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. This book was released on 2002 with total page 756 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Examines the two-thousand-year relationship between Christianity and Judaism, examining the long entrenched tradition of anti-Semitism that culminated in the Church's failure to protest the Holocaust during World War II.

The Fires of Lust

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Publisher : Reaktion Books
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ISBN 10 : 9781789144888
Pages : 320 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (891 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Fires of Lust :

Download or read book The Fires of Lust written by Katherine Harvey and published by Reaktion Books. This book was released on 2021-11-11 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An illuminating exploration of the surprisingly familiar sex lives of ordinary medieval people. The medieval humoral system of medicine suggested that it was possible to die from having too much—or too little—sex, while the Roman Catholic Church taught that virginity was the ideal state. Holy men and women committed themselves to lifelong abstinence in the name of religion. Everyone was forced to conform to restrictive rules about who they could have sex with, in what way, how often, and even when, and could be harshly punished for getting it wrong. Other experiences are more familiar. Like us, medieval people faced challenges in finding a suitable partner or trying to get pregnant (or trying not to). They also struggled with many of the same social issues, such as whether prostitution should be legalized. Above all, they shared our fondness for dirty jokes and erotic images. By exploring their sex lives, the book brings ordinary medieval people to life, revealing details of their most personal thoughts and experiences. Ultimately, it provides us with an important and intimate connection to the past.

Margaret's Monsters

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780429588600
Pages : 156 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (295 users download)


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Summary Book Review Margaret's Monsters :

Download or read book Margaret's Monsters written by Michael E. Heyes and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2019-12-18 with total page 156 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: St. Margaret of Antioch was one of the most popular saints in medieval England and, throughout the Middle Ages, the various Lives of St. Margaret functioned as a blueprint for a virginal life and supernatural assistance to pregnant women during the dangerous process of labor. In her narrative, Margaret is accosted by various demons and, having defeated each monster in turn, she is taken to the place of her martyrdom where she prays for supernatural boons for her adherents. This book argues that Margaret’s monsters are a key element in understanding Margaret’s importance to her adherents, specifically how the sexual identities of her adherents were constructed and maintained. More broadly, this study offers three major contributions to the field of medieval studies: first, it argues for the utility of a diachronic analysis of Saints’ Lives literature in a field dominated by synchronic analyses; second, this diachronic analysis is important to interpreting the intertext of Saints’ Lives, not only between different Lives but also different versions of the same Life; and third, the approach further suggests that the most valuable socio-cultural information in hagiographic literature is found in the auxiliary characters and not in the figure of the saint him/herself.

The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780191007019
Pages : 480 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (91 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216 :

Download or read book The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216 written by Hugh M. Thomas and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2014-08-14 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The secular clergy - priests and other clerics outside of monastic orders - were among the most influential and powerful groups in European society during the central Middle Ages. The secular clergy got their title from the Latin word for world, saeculum, and secular clerics kept the Church running in the world beyond the cloister wall, with responsibility for the bulk of pastoral care and ecclesiastical administration. This gave them enormous religious influence, although they were considered too worldly by many contemporary moralists - trying, for instance, to oppose the elimination of clerical marriage and concubinage. Although their worldliness created many tensions, it also gave the secular clergy much worldly influence. Contemporaries treated elite secular clerics as equivalent to knights, and some were as wealthy as minor barons. Secular clerics had a huge role in the rise of royal bureaucracy, one of the key historical developments of the period. They were instrumental to the intellectual and cultural flowering of the twelfth century, the rise of the schools, the creation of the book trade, and the invention of universities. They performed music, produced literature in a variety of genres and languages, and patronized art and architecture. Indeed, this volume argues that they contributed more than any other group to the Twelfth-Century Renaissance. Yet the secular clergy as a group have received almost no attention from scholars, unlike monks, nuns, or secular nobles. In The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216, Hugh Thomas aims to correct this deficiency through a major study of the secular clergy below the level of bishop in England from 1066 to 1216.

The Proto-Totalitarian State

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Publisher : Transaction Publishers
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ISBN 10 : 0765803666
Pages : 167 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (36 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Proto-Totalitarian State :

Download or read book The Proto-Totalitarian State written by Dmitry Shlapentokh and published by Transaction Publishers. This book was released on 2007 with total page 167 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Totalitarian rule is commonly thought to derive from spe- cific ideologies that justify the complete control by the state of social, cultural, and political institutions. The major goal of this volume is to demonstrate that in some cases brutal forms of state control have been the only way to maintain basic social order. Dmitry Shlapentokh seeks to show that totalitarian or semi-totalitarian regimes have their roots in a fear of disorder that may overtake both rulers and the society at large. Although ideology has played an important role in many totalitarian regimes, it has not always been the chief reason for repression. In many cases, the desire to establish order led to internal terror and intrusiveness in all aspects of human life. Shlapentokh seeks the roots of this phenomenon in France in the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries, when asocial processes in the wake of the Hundred Years War led to the emergence of a brutal absolutist state whose features and policies bore a striking resemblance to totalitarian regimes in the Soviet Union and China. State punishment and control allowed for relentless drive to "normalize" society with the state actively engaged in the regulation of social life. There were attempts to regulate the economy and instances of social engineering, attempts to populate emerging colonial empires with exiles and produce "new men and women" through reeducation. This increased harshness in dealing with the populace, in fact, the emergence of a new sort of bondage, was combined with a twisted form of humanitarianism and the creation of a rudimentary safety net. Some of these elements can be found in the democratic societies of the modern West, although in their aggregation these attributes are essential features of totalitarian regimes of the modem era.

Education, Equality and Human Rights

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781134250424
Pages : 256 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (342 users download)


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Summary Book Review Education, Equality and Human Rights :

Download or read book Education, Equality and Human Rights written by Mike Cole and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2006-08-21 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With a new Preface by leading educationist Peter McLaren, the updated second edition of this comprehensive book provides an important educational perspective on world-wide equality issues for student teachers and teachers at all stages. Each of the five equality issues of gender, race, sexuality, disability and social class are covered as areas in their own right, and in relation to education. Written by experts in each particular field, the chapters trace the history of the various issues up to the present and enable readers to assess their continuing relevance in the future.

Popes and Jews, 1095-1291

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780198717980
Pages : 352 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (987 users download)


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Summary Book Review Popes and Jews, 1095-1291 :

Download or read book Popes and Jews, 1095-1291 written by Rebecca Rist and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016-01-07 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Popes and Jews, 1095-1291 explores the relationship of the medieval papacy with the Jewish communities of western Europe, drawing together recent scholarly literature with path-breaking new source analysis. It provides a wide-ranging interpretive synthesis of papal-Jewish relations during the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth centuries, structured through important categories: Jewish writings about the papacy, papal attempts to protect Jews and thelimitations of their efforts, papal authorisation of the crusades, usury and moneylending, papal claims to jurisdiction over Jews, the place of Jews in a profoundly Christian medieval society, the relationshipbetween popes and the Jewish community of Rome, and the rhetorical power of papal discourse.