Spectroscopic Applications of Terahertz Quantum-Cascade Lasers

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Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9783736962972
Pages : 132 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (369 users download)


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Summary Book Review Spectroscopic Applications of Terahertz Quantum-Cascade Lasers :

Download or read book Spectroscopic Applications of Terahertz Quantum-Cascade Lasers written by Tasmim Alam and published by Cuvillier Verlag. This book was released on 2020-10-29 with total page 132 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are attractive for high-resolution spectroscopy because they can provide high power and a narrow linewidth. They are particularly promising in the terahertz (THz) range since they can be used as local oscillators for heterodyne detection as well as transmitters for direct detection. However, THz QCL-based technologies are still under development and are limited by the lack of frequency tunability as well as the frequency and output power stability for free-running operation. In this dissertation, frequency tuning and linewidth of THz QCLs are studied in detail by using rotational spectroscopic features of molecular species. In molecular spectroscopy, the Doppler eff ect broadens the spectral lines of molecules in the gas phase at thermal equilibrium. Saturated absorption spectroscopy has been performed that allows for sub-Doppler resolution of the spectral features. One possible application is QCL frequency stabilization based on the Lamb dip. Since the tunability of the emission frequency is an essential requirement to use THz QCL for high-resolution spectroscopy, a new method has been developed that relies on near-infrared (NIR) optical excitation of the QCL rear-facet. A wide tuning range has been achieved by using this approach. The scheme is straightforward to implement, and the approach can be readily applied to a large class of THz QCLs. The frequency and output stability of the local oscillator has a direct impact on the performance and consistency of the heterodyne spectroscopy. A technique has been developed for a simultaneous stabilization of the frequency and output power by taking advantage of the frequency and power regulation by NIR excitation. The results presented in this thesis will enable the routine use of THz QCLs for spectroscopic applications in the near future.

Terahertz Quantum-cascade Lasers for Spectroscopic Applications

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ISBN 10 : OCLC:1111874363
Pages : pages
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Summary Book Review Terahertz Quantum-cascade Lasers for Spectroscopic Applications :

Download or read book Terahertz Quantum-cascade Lasers for Spectroscopic Applications written by Benjamin Malte Röben and published by . This book was released on 2018 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Novel Applications of Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers

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ISBN 10 : OCLC:1197770125
Pages : pages
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Summary Book Review Novel Applications of Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers :

Download or read book Novel Applications of Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers written by Binbin Wei and published by . This book was released on 2020 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Concepts and Applications of Nonlinear Terahertz Spectroscopy

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Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781643272160
Pages : 159 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (432 users download)


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Summary Book Review Concepts and Applications of Nonlinear Terahertz Spectroscopy :

Download or read book Concepts and Applications of Nonlinear Terahertz Spectroscopy written by Thomas Elsaesser and published by Morgan & Claypool Publishers. This book was released on 2019-02-22 with total page 159 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Terahertz (THz) radiation with frequencies between 100 GHz and 30 THz has developed into an important tool of science and technology, with numerous applications in materials characterization, imaging, sensor technologies, and telecommunications. Recent progress in THz generation has provided ultrashort THz pulses with electric field amplitudes of up to several megavolts/cm. This development opens the new research field of nonlinear THz spectroscopy in which strong light-matter interactions are exploited to induce quantum excitations and/or charge transport and follow their nonequilibrium dynamics in time-resolved experiments. This book introduces methods of THz generation and nonlinear THz spectroscopy in a tutorial way, discusses the relevant theoretical concepts, and presents prototypical, experimental, and theoretical results in condensed matter physics. The potential of nonlinear THz spectroscopy is illustrated by recent research, including an overview of the relevant literature.

Modern Techniques of Spectroscopy

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9789813360846
Pages : 660 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (133 users download)


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Summary Book Review Modern Techniques of Spectroscopy :

Download or read book Modern Techniques of Spectroscopy written by Dheeraj Kumar Singh and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-05-15 with total page 660 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book highlights recent developments in the field of spectroscopy by providing the readers with an updated and high-level of overview. The focus of this book is on the introduction to concepts of modern spectroscopic techniques, recent technological innovations in this field, and current examples of applications to molecules and materials relevant for academia and industry. The book will be beneficial to researchers from various branches of science and technology, and is intended to point them to modern techniques, which might be useful for their specific problems. Spectroscopic techniques, that are discussed include, UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, SERS, TERS, CARS, IR absorption spectroscopy, SFG, LIBS, Quantum cascade laser (QCL) spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, ellipsometry, cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy, such as cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) and evanescent wave-CRDS both in gas and condensed phases, time-resolved spectroscopy etc. Applications introduced in the different chapters demonstrates the usefulness of the spectroscopic techniques for the characterization of fundamental properties of molecules, e.g. in connection with environmental impact, bio-activity, or usefulness for pharmaceutical drugs, and materials important e.g. for nano-science, nuclear chemistry, or bio-applications. The book presents how spectroscopic techniques can help to better understand substances, which have also great impact on questions of social and economic relevance (environment, alternative energy, etc.).

Nonlinear Photonics in Mid-infrared Quantum Cascade Lasers

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9783319658797
Pages : 134 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (196 users download)


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Summary Book Review Nonlinear Photonics in Mid-infrared Quantum Cascade Lasers :

Download or read book Nonlinear Photonics in Mid-infrared Quantum Cascade Lasers written by Louise Jumpertz and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-08-31 with total page 134 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This thesis presents the first comprehensive analysis of quantum cascade laser nonlinear dynamics and includes the first observation of a temporal chaotic behavior in quantum cascade lasers. It also provides the first analysis of optical instabilities in the mid-infrared range. Mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers are unipolar semiconductor lasers, which have become widely used in applications such as gas spectroscopy, free-space communications or optical countermeasures. Applying external perturbations such as optical feedback or optical injection leads to a strong modification of the quantum cascade laser properties. Optical feedback impacts the static properties of mid-infrared Fabry–Perot and distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers, inducing power increase; threshold reduction; modification of the optical spectrum, which can become either single- or multimode; and enhanced beam quality in broad-area transverse multimode lasers. It also leads to a different dynamical behavior, and a quantum cascade laser subject to optical feedback can oscillate periodically or even become chaotic. A quantum cascade laser under external control could therefore be a source with enhanced properties for the usual mid-infrared applications, but could also address new applications such as tunable photonic oscillators, extreme events generators, chaotic Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR), chaos-based secured communications or unpredictable countermeasures.

Physics and Applications of Terahertz Radiation

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9789400738379
Pages : 255 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (7 users download)


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Summary Book Review Physics and Applications of Terahertz Radiation :

Download or read book Physics and Applications of Terahertz Radiation written by Matteo Perenzoni and published by Springer. This book was released on 2013-10-16 with total page 255 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book covers the latest advances in the techniques employed to manage the THz radiation and its potential uses. It has been subdivided in three sections: THz Detectors, THz Sources, Systems and Applications. These three sections will allow the reader to be introduced in a logical way to the physics problems of sensing and generation of the terahertz radiation, the implementation of these devices into systems including other components and finally the exploitation of the equipment for real applications in some different field. All of the sections and chapters can be individually addressed in order to deepen the understanding of a single topic without the need to read the whole book. The THz Detectors section will address the latest developments in detection devices based on three different physical principles: photodetection, thermal power detection, rectification. The THz Sources section will describe three completely different generation methods, operating in three separate scales: quantum cascade lasers, free electron lasers and non-linear optical generation. The Systems and Applications section will take care of introducing many of the aspects needed to move from a device to an equipment perspective: control of terahertz radiation, its use in imaging or in spectroscopy, potential uses in security, and will address also safety issues. The text book is at a level appropriate to graduate level courses up to researchers in the field who require a reference book covering all aspects of terahertz technology.

Frontiers in Optics and Photonics

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Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
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ISBN 10 : 9783110710687
Pages : 783 pages
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Summary Book Review Frontiers in Optics and Photonics :

Download or read book Frontiers in Optics and Photonics written by Federico Capasso and published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. This book was released on 2021-06-08 with total page 783 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book provides a cutting-edge research overview on the latest developments in the field of Optics and Photonics. All chapters are authored by the pioneers in their field and will cover the developments in Quantum Photonics, Optical properties of 2D Materials, Optical Sensors, Organic Opto-electronics, Nanophotonics, Metamaterials, Plasmonics, Quantum Cascade lasers, LEDs, Biophotonics and biomedical photonics and spectroscopy.

Terahertz Spectroscopy

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Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
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ISBN 10 : 9789535130314
Pages : 318 pages
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Summary Book Review Terahertz Spectroscopy :

Download or read book Terahertz Spectroscopy written by Jamal Uddin and published by BoD – Books on Demand. This book was released on 2017-03-13 with total page 318 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The terahertz regime of the electromagnetic spectrum was largely unexplored due to the lack of technology needed to generate and detect the radiation. However, in the last couple of decades, there has been a dramatic increase in tools needed to harness the radiation. This remarkable progress made in the development of terahertz sources, components, and detectors has resulted in an ever-increasing inquisitiveness of the applications of terahertz technology in a wide range of fields including medicine, pharmaceuticals, security, sensing, and quality assurance. This book, Terahertz Spectroscopy - A Cutting Edge Technology, presents an overview of the recent advances in terahertz technology and their application in a vast array of fields. The scientists and students are encouraged to read and share the content of this volume. The book also provides a good starting point for researchers who are new to the terahertz regime. The various chapters of the book have been written by renowned scientists in different parts of the world who are at the forefront of terahertz research fields. It is our (InTech publisher, editor, and authors) hope that this book will enhance knowledge and stimulate more interest and future research in terahertz technology.

THz and Security Applications

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9789401788281
Pages : 292 pages
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Summary Book Review THz and Security Applications :

Download or read book THz and Security Applications written by Carlo Corsi and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-05-06 with total page 292 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: These proceedings comprise invited papers from highly experienced researchers in THz technology and security applications. THz detection of explosives represents one of the most appealing technologies to have recently emerged in dealing with terrorist attacks encountered by civil security and military forces throughout the world. Discussed are the most advanced technologies and developments, the various points of operational strength and weaknesses as well as are suggestions and predictions the best technological solutions to overcome current operational limits. The current status of various levels of cooling in THz detectors, sources and associated electronics are also addressed. The goal was to provide a clear view on the current technologies available and the required advances needed in order to achieve more efficient systems. This goal was outlined in part by establishing the baseline of current uncertainty estimations in physics-based modelling and the identification of key areas which require additional research and development.

Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9789400707696
Pages : 202 pages
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Summary Book Review Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation :

Download or read book Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation written by Mauro F. Pereira and published by Springer. This book was released on 2011-02-26 with total page 202 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Terahertz (THz) and Mid-Infrared (MIR) radiation (TERA-MIR) can be transmitted through nearly any material without causing biological harm. Novel and rapid methods of detection can be created with devices operation in these spectral ranges allowing scanning for weapons, detecting hidden explosives (including plastic landmines), controlling the quality of food and a host of other exciting applications. This book focuses on mathematical and physical aspects of the field, on unifying these two spectral domains (THz and MIR) with regard to common sources, detectors, materials and applications, and on key interdisciplinary topics. The main THz and MIR source is the quantum cascade laser (QCL). Thus significant attention is paid to the challenge of turning this advanced technology into affordable commercial devices so as to exploit its enormous potential. However other alternatives to THz QCLs are also presented, e.g. sub-terahertz imaging from avalanching GaAs bipolar transistors, Josephson junctions as THz sources, semiconductor materials for pulsed THz sources, superconducting THz electronics with Josephson vortices. In summary this book delivers a global picture of the state of the art in TERA-MIR generation, detection and applications.

THz for CBRN and Explosives Detection and Diagnosis

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9789402410938
Pages : 194 pages
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Summary Book Review THz for CBRN and Explosives Detection and Diagnosis :

Download or read book THz for CBRN and Explosives Detection and Diagnosis written by Mauro F. Pereira and published by Springer. This book was released on 2017-08-02 with total page 194 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work is intended to jointly address the development, realization and applications of emitters and detectors of terahertz (THz-0.3 THz up to 10 THz) and their application to diagnostics of CBRN effects and detection of explosives and CBRN. Hazardous substances typically exhibit rotational and vibrational transitions in this region, hence giving access to spectroscopic analysis of a large variety of molecules which play a key role in security as well as various other areas, e.g. air pollution, climate research, industrial process control, agriculture, food industry, workplace safety and medical diagnostics can be monitored by sensing and identifying them via THz (0.3 to 10 THz) and mid infrared (MIR-10 THz to 100 THz) absorption “finger prints”. Most plastics, textiles and paper are nearly transparent for THz radiation.

Laser Physics and Technology

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9788132220008
Pages : 345 pages
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Summary Book Review Laser Physics and Technology :

Download or read book Laser Physics and Technology written by Pradeep Kumar Gupta and published by Springer. This book was released on 2014-11-06 with total page 345 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book, ‘Laser Physics and Technology’, addresses fundamentals of laser physics, representative laser systems and techniques, and some important applications of lasers. The present volume is a collection of articles based on some of the lectures delivered at the School on ‘Laser Physics and Technology’ organized at Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology during March, 12-30, 2012. The objective of the School was to provide an in-depth knowledge of the important aspects of laser physics and technology to doctoral students and young researchers and motivate them for further work in this area. In keeping with this objective, the fourteen chapters, written by leading Indian experts, based on the lectures delivered by them at the School, provide along with class room type coverage of the fundamentals of the field, a brief review of the current status of the field. The book will be useful for doctoral students and young scientists who are embarking on a research in this area as well as to professionals who would be interested in knowing the current state of the field particularly in Indian context.

Terahertz (THz), Mid Infrared (MIR) and Near Infrared (NIR) Technologies for Protection of Critical Infrastructures Against Explosives and CBRN

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9789402420821
Pages : 285 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (24 users download)


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Summary Book Review Terahertz (THz), Mid Infrared (MIR) and Near Infrared (NIR) Technologies for Protection of Critical Infrastructures Against Explosives and CBRN :

Download or read book Terahertz (THz), Mid Infrared (MIR) and Near Infrared (NIR) Technologies for Protection of Critical Infrastructures Against Explosives and CBRN written by Mauro Fernandes Pereira and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-04-30 with total page 285 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Critical infrastructures are targets for terrorism and deliver a valuable vector through which the proliferation of CBRN and explosive precursors can be detected. Recent technological breakthroughs, notably in the field of near infrared (NIR), mid infrared (MIR), Terahertz (THz) and Gigahertz (GHz) sources and detectors, have led to rugged commercial devices, capable of standoff sensing a range of these dangerous substances. However, at the same time criminal and terrorist organizations have also benefited from the availability of technologies to increase the threat they pose to the security of citizens and a concerted effort is needed to improve early detection measures to identify activities, such as the production of homemade explosives or CBRN that can be potentially dangerous to society. The key global technological bottleneck to be overcome is the current lack of integration and networking of mature detection technology into early warning systems for critical infrastructures. Thus, this book brings together complementary information connecting the research of leading teams working on critical Infrastructure protection with academic developers and industrial producers of state of the art sensors.

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
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ISBN 10 : 9780470749067
Pages : 618 pages
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Summary Book Review Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science :

Download or read book Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science written by John M. Chalmers and published by John Wiley & Sons. This book was released on 2012-03-05 with total page 618 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book will provide a survey of the major areas in which information derived from vibrational spectroscopy investigations and studies have contributed to the benefit of forensic science, either in a complementary or a unique way. This is highlighted by examples taken from real case studies and analyses of forensic relevance, which provide a focus for current and future applications and developments.

Principles of Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy

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Publisher : CRC Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781351356374
Pages : 622 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (513 users download)


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Summary Book Review Principles of Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy :

Download or read book Principles of Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy written by Jean-Louis Coutaz and published by CRC Press. This book was released on 2018-12-07 with total page 622 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is a unique technique for characterizing the response of materials and devices in the far-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Based on the measurement of transmitted or reflected ultra-short electromagnetic pulses and on a Fourier-transform of the recorded waveforms, THz-TDS permits fast and precise determination of the permittivity or permeability of materials over a wide bandwidth. This book is devoted to the determination of this spectral response of samples from the recorded waveforms.

Two-step MOVPE, in-situ etching and buried implantation: applications to the realization of GaAs laser diodes

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Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9783736963979
Pages : 250 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (369 users download)


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Summary Book Review Two-step MOVPE, in-situ etching and buried implantation: applications to the realization of GaAs laser diodes :

Download or read book Two-step MOVPE, in-situ etching and buried implantation: applications to the realization of GaAs laser diodes written by Pietro della Casa and published by Cuvillier Verlag. This book was released on 2021-03-25 with total page 250 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This work is about two-step epitaxial growth using metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy (MOVPE) for the realization of edge-emitting near-infrared laser diodes. The fabricated gallium arsenide-based devices fall into two categories: high-power lasers (watt range, multimodal) and tunable lasers (milliwatt range, monomodal). Common to both cases is that surface contamination – particularly that due to oxygen – needs to be removed before regrowth. Thus, in-situ etching with carbon tetrabromide (CBr4) is first studied. The experimental results include kinetic data, the effects of different etching conditions as well as substrate characteristics, and the effectiveness in reducing surface contamination. These investigations pave the way to devices based on 2-step epitaxy combined with in-situ etching. Correspondingly, thermally-tuned SG-DBR lasers operating around 975 nm have been successfully realized, obtaining a tuning range of 21 nm. In addition, the possibility of using electronic tuning in similar devices has been explored. High-power broad-area lasers have also been realized, using two-step epitaxy combined with ex-situ and in-situ etching, to create a buried, shallow “mesa” containing the active zone. This approach allows introducing lateral electrical and optical confinement, and – simultaneously – non-absorbing mirrors at the laser facets. Additionally, a different strategy to create a buried current aperture is presented, which is based on ion implantation followed by epitaxial regrowth. This enables to improve device performance and simultaneously introduce non-absorbing mirrors at the facets with correspondingly increased reliability.