Technocracy and the Epistemology of Human Behavior

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781000784084
Pages : 336 pages
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Summary Book Review Technocracy and the Epistemology of Human Behavior :

Download or read book Technocracy and the Epistemology of Human Behavior written by Paul Gunn and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2022-11-10 with total page 336 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Power Without Knowledge: A Critique of Technocracy (2019), Jeffrey Friedman presented a sweeping reinterpretation of modern politics and government as technocratic, even in many of its democratic dimensions. Building on a new definition of technocracy as governance aimed at solving social and economic problems, Friedman showed that the epistemic demands that such governance places on political elites and ordinary people alike may be overwhelming if technocrats fail to attend to the ideational heterogeneity of the human beings whose control is the object of technocratic power. Yet a recognition of ideational heterogeneity considerably complicates the task of predicting behavior, which is essential to technocratic control—as Friedman demonstrated with pathbreaking critiques of the homogenizing strategies of neoclassical economics, positivist social science, behavioral economics, and populist democratic politics. In Technocracy and the Epistemology of Human Behavior, thirteen political theorists, including Friedman himself, debate the implications of Power Without Knowledge for social science, modern governance, the politics of expertise, post-structuralism, anarchism, and democratic theory; and Friedman responds to his critics with an expansive defense of his vision of contemporary politics and his political epistemology of ideationally diverse human beings. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Critical Review.

Power Without Knowledge

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Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
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ISBN 10 : 9780190877170
Pages : 409 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (98 users download)


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Summary Book Review Power Without Knowledge :

Download or read book Power Without Knowledge written by Jeffrey Friedman and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2020 with total page 409 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Technocrats claim to know how to solve the social and economic problems of complex modern societies. But as Jeffrey Friedman argues in Power without Knowledge, there is a fundamental flaw with technocracy: it requires an ability to predict how the people whom technocrats attempt to control will act in response to technocratic policies. However, the mass public's ideas-the ideas that drive their actions-are far too varied and diverse to be reliably predicted. But that is not the only problem. Friedman reminds us that a large part of contemporary mass politics, even populist mass politics, is essentially technocratic too. Members of the general public often assume that they are competent to decide which policies or politicians will be able to solve social and economic problems. Yet these ordinary "citizen-technocrats" typically regard the solutions to social problems as self-evident, such that politics becomes a matter of vetting public officials for their good intentions and strong wills, not their technocratic expertise. Finally, Friedman argues that technocratic experts themselves drastically oversimplify technocratic realities. Economists, for example, theorize that people respond rationally to the incentives they face. This theory is simplistic, but it gives the appearance of being able to predict people's behavior in response to technocratic policy initiatives. If stripped of such gross oversimplications, though, technocrats themselves would be forced to admit that a rational technocracy is nothing more than an impossible dream. Ranging widely over the philosophy of social science, rational choice theory, and empirical political science, Power without Knowledge is a pathbreaking work that upends traditional assumptions about technocracy and politics, forcing us to rethink our assumptions about the legitimacy of modern governance.

Future Survey Annual 1992

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Publisher : Transaction Publishers
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ISBN 10 : 0930242432
Pages : 212 pages
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Summary Book Review Future Survey Annual 1992 :

Download or read book Future Survey Annual 1992 written by Michael Marien and published by Transaction Publishers. This book was released on 1993-01-30 with total page 212 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The Epistemological Development of Education

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
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ISBN 10 : 9781000807950
Pages : 170 pages
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Summary Book Review The Epistemological Development of Education :

Download or read book The Epistemological Development of Education written by Andrew Skourdoumbis and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2022-12-16 with total page 170 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book documents the political and economic ramifications of the policy impetus for a ‘science of education’ and what this means for classroom teachers, their teaching practices and for the field of education. In a critical exploration of current research and policy articulations of the purposes of education, with attention given to Australia, the UK and the USA, this book delineates the evaluative mechanisms involved in the strategic science as method adoption of accountability, competitiveness and test-driven criteria used in major education policy. It brings together the disciplines of sociology and philosophy by drawing on the theoretical insights of Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu and John Dewey. In addition, the book argues for the deliberate use of the theoretical in education and is against the contemporary unquestioning advocacy that often accompanies a narrowly defined master narrative of a science of education. This book will be of special interest to post-graduate students as source material in general education courses and is also intended for academics with an interest in educational theory/philosophy and the sociology of education.

Deadly Documents

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351868396
Pages : 251 pages
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Summary Book Review Deadly Documents :

Download or read book Deadly Documents written by Mark Ward and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-12-05 with total page 251 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Scholars, teachers, and practitioners of organizational, professional, and technical communication and rhetoric are target audiences for a new book that reaches across those disciplines to explore the dynamics of the Holocaust. More than a history, the book uses the extreme case of the Final Solution to illumine the communicative constitution of organizations and to break new ground on destructive organizational communication and ethics. Deadly Documents: Technical Communication, Organizational Discourse, and the Holocaust—Lessons from the Rhetorical Work of Everyday Texts starts with a microcosmic look at a single Nazi bureau. Through close rhetorical, visual, and discursive analyses of organizational and technical documents produced by the SS Security Police Technical Matters Group—the bureau that managed the Nazi mobile gas van program—author Mark Ward shows how everyday texts functioned as “boundary objects” on which competing organizational interests could project their own interpretations and temporarily negotiate consensus for their parts in the Final Solution. The initial chapters of Deadly Documents provide a historical ethnography of the SS technical bureau by closely describing the institutional and organizational cultures in which it operated and relating organizational stories told in postwar testimony by the desk-murderers themselves. Then, through examination of the primary material of their documents, Ward demonstrates how this Social Darwinist world of competing Nazi bureaucrats deployed rhetorical and linguistic resources to construct a social reality that normalized genocide. Ward goes beyond the usual Weberian bureaucratic paradigm and applies to the problem of the Holocaust both the interpretive view that sees organizations as socially constructed through communication and the postmodern view that denies the notion of a preexisting social object called an “organization” and instead situates it within larger discourses. The concluding chapters trace how contemporary scholars of professional communication have wrestled with the Nazi case and developed a consensus explanation that the desk-murderers were amoral technocrats. Though the explanation is dismissed by most historians, it nevertheless offers, Ward argues, a comforting distance between “us” and “them.” Yet, as Ward writes, “First, we will learn more about the dynamic role of everyday texts in organizational processes. Second, as we see these processes—perhaps inherent to all organized communities, including our own—at work even in the extreme case of the SS Technical Matters Group, the comforting distance that we now maintain between ‘them’ and ‘us’ is necessarily diminished. And third, our newfound discomfort may open productive spaces to revisit conventional wisdoms about the ethics of technical and organizational communication.”

Future Survey Annual

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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105116548863
Pages : 652 pages
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Summary Book Review Future Survey Annual :

Download or read book Future Survey Annual written by and published by . This book was released on 1990 with total page 652 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Handbook of Risk Theory

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789400714328
Pages : 1209 pages
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Summary Book Review Handbook of Risk Theory :

Download or read book Handbook of Risk Theory written by Sabine Roeser and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012 with total page 1209 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Risk has become one of the main topics in fields as diverse as engineering, medicine and economics, and it is also studied by social scientists, psychologists and legal scholars. But the topic of risk also leads to more fundamental questions such as: What is risk? What can decision theory contribute to the analysis of risk? What does the human perception of risk mean for society? How should we judge whether a risk is morally acceptable or not? Over the last couple of decades questions like these have attracted interest from philosophers and other scholars into risk theory. This handbook provides for an overview into key topics in a major new field of research. It addresses a wide range of topics, ranging from decision theory, risk perception to ethics and social implications of risk, and it also addresses specific case studies. It aims to promote communication and information among all those who are interested in theoetical issues concerning risk and uncertainty. This handbook brings together internationally leading philosophers and scholars from other disciplines who work on risk theory. The contributions are accessibly written and highly relevant to issues that are studied by risk scholars. We hope that the Handbook of Risk Theory will be a helpful starting point for all risk scholars who are interested in broadening and deepening their current perspectives.

Globalisasi dan tantangan daya saing Indonesia

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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015063118098
Pages : 196 pages
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Summary Book Review Globalisasi dan tantangan daya saing Indonesia :

Download or read book Globalisasi dan tantangan daya saing Indonesia written by and published by . This book was released on 2005 with total page 196 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Knowledge and Politics

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9783642575648
Pages : 154 pages
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Summary Book Review Knowledge and Politics :

Download or read book Knowledge and Politics written by Riccardo Viale and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 154 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Does knowledge matter to politics?" is the main question the book tries to answer. The analysis is interdisciplinary and covers a wide range of topics: a social epistemology assessment of the efficacy of political institutions in promoting the generation and the diffusion of science and technology; the proposal of the alternative concept of satisfying rationality to found the theory of social knowledge; the roles of social knowledge in the constitution making and the transitional justice; the arguments in favor of decentralized knowledge in social problem solving and its empowerment through devolution, de-bureaucratization and deregulation; the means to ensure the independency of knowledge from power and at the same time its social utility; the knowledge justified to inform the voters in political campaigns; the critique to technocracy as the wrong solution to deal with the crisis of complexity in contemporary society.

Future Survey

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ISBN 10 : UCLA:L0068161595
Pages : 104 pages
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Summary Book Review Future Survey :

Download or read book Future Survey written by and published by . This book was released on 1991 with total page 104 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The Philosopher's Index

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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015079900042
Pages : 808 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (91 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Philosopher's Index :

Download or read book The Philosopher's Index written by and published by . This book was released on 1991 with total page 808 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.

Critical Ethology and Post-Anthropocentric Ethics

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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9783030742034
Pages : 270 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (37 users download)


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Summary Book Review Critical Ethology and Post-Anthropocentric Ethics :

Download or read book Critical Ethology and Post-Anthropocentric Ethics written by Roberto Marchesini and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-05-22 with total page 270 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The primary purpose of this book is to contribute to an overcoming of the traditional separation between humanties and life sciences which, according to the authors, is required today both by the developments of these disciplines and by the social problems they have to face. The volume discusses the theoretical, epistemological and ethical repercussions of the main acquisitions obtained in the last decades from the behavioral sciences. Both the authors are inspired by the concept of a “critical ethology”, oriented to archive the nature/culture and human/animal dichotomies. The book proposes a theoretical and methodological restructuring of the comparative study of the animal behavior, learning, and cultures, focused on the fact that thought, culture and language are not exclusively human prerogatives. The proposed analysis includes a critique of speciesism and determinism in the ethical field, and converge with the Numanities, to which the series is dedicated, on a key point: it is necessary to arrive at an education system able to offer scientific, social and ethical skills that are trasversal and transcendent to the traditional humanities/life sciences bipartition. Skills that are indispensable for facing the complex challenges of the contemporary society and promoting a critical reflection of humanity on itself.

Studies in Formative Spirituality

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ISBN 10 : UCAL:B3916230
Pages : 432 pages
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Summary Book Review Studies in Formative Spirituality :

Download or read book Studies in Formative Spirituality written by and published by . This book was released on 1989 with total page 432 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Revue Indépendante de Philosophie

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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105007236586
Pages : 200 pages
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Summary Book Review Revue Indépendante de Philosophie :

Download or read book Revue Indépendante de Philosophie written by and published by . This book was released on 1988 with total page 200 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The American economic review

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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:20503218760
Pages : 1040 pages
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Summary Book Review The American economic review :

Download or read book The American economic review written by and published by . This book was released on 1958 with total page 1040 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Economic and Political Weekly

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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015035926636
Pages : 660 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (91 users download)


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Summary Book Review Economic and Political Weekly :

Download or read book Economic and Political Weekly written by and published by . This book was released on 1972 with total page 660 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Sociological Abstracts

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ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105029376212
Pages : pages
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Summary Book Review Sociological Abstracts :

Download or read book Sociological Abstracts written by Leo P. Chall and published by . This book was released on 2000 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Contains more that 300,000 records covering sociology, social work, and other social sciences. Covers 1963 to the present. Updated six times per year.