The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 0198029047
Pages : 320 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (29 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies :

Download or read book The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies written by Guenter Lewy and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2000-01-13 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Roaming the countryside in caravans, earning their living as musicians, peddlers, and fortune-tellers, the Gypsies and their elusive way of life represented an affront to Nazi ideas of social order, hard work, and racial purity. They were branded as "asocials," harassed, and eventually herded into concentration camps where many thousands were killed. But until now the story of their persecution has either been overlooked or distorted. In The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies, Guenter Lewy draws upon thousands of documents--many never before used--from German and Austrian archives to provide the most comprehensive and accurate study available of the fate of the Gypsies under the Nazi regime. Lewy traces the escalating vilification of the Gypsies as the Nazis instigated a widespread crackdown on the "work-shy" and "itinerants." But he shows that Nazi policy towards Gypsies was confused and changeable. At first, local officials persecuted gypsies, and those who behaved in gypsy-like fashion, for allegedly anti-social tendencies. Later, with the rise of race obsession, Gypsies were seen as a threat to German racial purity, though Himmler himself wavered, trying to save those he considered "pure Gypsies" descended from Aryan roots in India. Indeed, Lewy contradicts much existing scholarship in showing that, however much the Gypsies were persecuted, there was no general program of extermination analogous to the "final solution" for the Jews. Exploring in heart-rending detail the fates of individual Gypsies and their families, The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies makes an important addition to our understanding both of the history of this mysterious people and of all facets of the Nazi terror.

Roma Holocaust. The The nazi treatment of Gypsies and Jews compared

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Publisher : GRIN Verlag
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9783638050234
Pages : 17 pages
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Rating : 4.6/5 (38 users download)


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Summary Book Review Roma Holocaust. The The nazi treatment of Gypsies and Jews compared :

Download or read book Roma Holocaust. The The nazi treatment of Gypsies and Jews compared written by Martin Weiser and published by GRIN Verlag. This book was released on 2008-05-20 with total page 17 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Essay from the year 2007 in the subject History Europe - Germany - National Socialism, World War II, grade: 1, University of Nottingham, language: English, abstract: The 20th century is sometimes called the “centrury of genocide”. Never before have people been killing each other on such a scale, with so sophisticated methods and techniques, for so many reasons and seemingly without any scrupules or mercy. Untold masses of humans fell victims to these massacres. From South West Africa and Armenia to Cambodia and Rwanda, there were a number of genocides. A number of genocides, but just one Holocaust. Or, was there just one? Most of the scholarly attention devoted to the subject of Holocaust has, not surprisingly, been focused on the Jewish experience during the Nazi period. The study of the Gypsy experience during the same period has been largely underrepresented in the historiography discussions. Therefore, in this paper I will concentrate on the Porrajmos. The main aim of this work is to find out if and eventually to what extent the Shoah and the Porrajmos are comparable. In the first half I deal with the persecution of the Gypsies solely. I describe the main characteristics of the treatment of the Gypsies by the Nazis as well as mention the main laws and decrees that dealt with the issue. In the second part of this paper my own believes become much more pronounced. I discuss and compare the Nazi treatment of Jews and Gypsies; touch upon the most debated and controversial issues and above all analyze the main differences in the treatment of these two groups. Based on the facts from the first chapter and deriving from the discussion in the second chapter I shall then try to draw conclusions concerning Yehuda Bauer’s thesis that “It does not do any service to the cause of the Romani people to mix them up in the same analytical framework with the Jews by defining the Holocaust as pertaining to both Gypsies and Jews”.

Germany and Its Gypsies

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Publisher : University of Wisconsin Pres
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ISBN 10 : 9780299176709
Pages : 304 pages
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Rating : 4.2/5 (991 users download)


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Summary Book Review Germany and Its Gypsies :

Download or read book Germany and Its Gypsies written by Gilad Margalit and published by University of Wisconsin Pres. This book was released on 2002-10-07 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Historian Gilad Margalit eloquently fills a tragic gap in the historical record with this sweeping examination of the plight of Gypsies in Germany before, during, and since the era of the Third Reich. Germany and Its Gypsies reveals the painful record of the official treatment of the German Gypsies, a people whose future, in the shadow of Auschwitz, remains uncertain. Margalit follows the story from the heightened racism of the nineteenth century to the National Socialist genocidal policies that resulted in the murder of most German Gypsies, from the shifting attitudes in the two Germanys in 1945 through reunification and up to the present day. Drawing upon a rich variety of sources, Margalit considers the pivotal historic events, legal arguments, debates, and changing attitudes toward the status of the German Gypsies and shines a vitally important light upon the issue of ethnic groups and their victimization in society. The result is a powerful and unforgettable testament.

Sinti and Roma

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Publisher : Berghahn Books
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 1571819223
Pages : 196 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (192 users download)


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Summary Book Review Sinti and Roma :

Download or read book Sinti and Roma written by Susan Tebbutt and published by Berghahn Books. This book was released on 1998 with total page 196 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This collection of essays explores, in depth, the life of the Sinti and Roma in Germany, their representation in German literature, and the relationships between the German and Romani languages. It gives background to their maltreatment and underlines the fact that the persecution of Gypsies during the Nazi period, which until the 1980s had been totally marginalised by historians, did not cease in 1945. The continuity of this anti-Gypsyism is traced to the present day, and the efforts, achievements and aspirations of the Sinti and Roma civil rights movement are highlighted.

The Legacies of the Romani Genocide in Europe since 1945

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781000511031
Pages : 352 pages
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Rating : 4.0/5 (5 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Legacies of the Romani Genocide in Europe since 1945 :

Download or read book The Legacies of the Romani Genocide in Europe since 1945 written by Celia Donert and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2021-12-28 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores the legacies of the genocide of Roma in Europe after the end of the Second World War. Hundreds of thousands of people labelled as ‘Gypsies’ were persecuted or killed in Nazi Germany and across occupied Europe between 1933 and 1945. In many places, discrimination continued after the war was over. The chapters in this volume ask how these experiences shaped the lives of Romani survivors and their families in eastern and western Europe since 1945. This book will appeal to researchers and students in Modern European History, Romani Studies, and the history of genocide and the Holocaust.

The Nazi Genocide of the Roma

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Publisher : Berghahn Books
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ISBN 10 : 9780857458438
Pages : 284 pages
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Rating : 4.8/5 (574 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Nazi Genocide of the Roma :

Download or read book The Nazi Genocide of the Roma written by Anton Weiss-Wendt and published by Berghahn Books. This book was released on 2013-06-30 with total page 284 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Using the framework of genocide, this volume analyzes the patterns of persecution of the Roma in Nazi-dominated Europe. Detailed case studies of France, Austria, Romania, Croatia, Ukraine, and Russia generate a critical mass of evidence that indicates criminal intent on the part of the Nazi regime to destroy the Roma as a distinct group. Other chapters examine the failure of the West German State to deliver justice, the Romani collective memory of the genocide, and the current political and historical debates. As this revealing volume shows, however inconsistent or geographically limited, over time, the mass murder acquired a systematic character and came to include ever larger segments of the Romani population regardless of the social status of individual members of the community.

Gypsies Under the Swastika

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Publisher : Univ of Hertfordshire Press
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 1902806808
Pages : 196 pages
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Summary Book Review Gypsies Under the Swastika :

Download or read book Gypsies Under the Swastika written by Donald Kenrick and published by Univ of Hertfordshire Press. This book was released on 2009 with total page 196 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: non-Gypsies who tried to protect the innocent victims of fascism at the risk of their own lives." "This revised edition contains an expanded section on Romania as well as new illustrations and reference notes. The text has been updated to reflect newly available source material." --Book Jacket.

The Pariah Syndrome

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Publisher : Karoma Pub
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : IND:39000006122837
Pages : 202 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (9 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Pariah Syndrome :

Download or read book The Pariah Syndrome written by Ian F. Hancock and published by Karoma Pub. This book was released on 1987 with total page 202 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Witnesses to War

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Publisher : Putnam Juvenile
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ISBN 10 : 0141308419
Pages : 132 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (84 users download)


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Summary Book Review Witnesses to War :

Download or read book Witnesses to War written by Michael Leapman and published by Putnam Juvenile. This book was released on 2000 with total page 132 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Tells the stories of eight children who felt the influence of Nazi persecution, including Beata Siegel, Anne Frank, Alexander Michelowski, and Joseph Steiner.

The Origins of the Final Solution

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Publisher : Random House
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ISBN 10 : 9781448165865
Pages : 640 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (481 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Origins of the Final Solution :

Download or read book The Origins of the Final Solution written by Christopher Browning and published by Random House. This book was released on 2014-12-04 with total page 640 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed, careful, and comprehensive analysis to date of the descent of the Nazi persecution of the Jews into mass murder: the Holocaust. Arguing that genocide was not a preconceived plan but rather a discovered possibility, Christopher Browning explains how Hitler's decision to murder the Jews en masse emerged in stages and by a process of elimination that gradually foreclosed plans for their expulsion from Europe. Only in the interval between late September and late October 1941 did the desire to "remove" the Jews intersect with the discovery of acceptable means of killing them on a large scale and with the euphoria of expected victory in Russia, all of which followed on from two years of 'race war' and 'racial imperialism' in eastern Europe that prepared 'ordinary Germans' for this fateful task.

Harmful and Undesirable

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780190275280
Pages : 281 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (92 users download)


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Summary Book Review Harmful and Undesirable :

Download or read book Harmful and Undesirable written by Guenter Lewy and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2016 with total page 281 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "The first English-language study of book censorship in Nazi Germany, this book describes the way in which various state and party organizations in Germany exerted control over the creation, publication, and distribution of books. By presenting the fate of authors and publishers who came into conflict with the organs of censorship it sheds light on intellectual life under the Nazi dictatorship"--

The Gypsies of Eastern Europe

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781315490236
Pages : 180 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (154 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Gypsies of Eastern Europe :

Download or read book The Gypsies of Eastern Europe written by David Crowe and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-07-22 with total page 180 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In recent news coverage of the dramatic political events in Eastern Europe, Gypsies have been a favourite sidebar topic. Some of the stories have been truly horrifying, others are written condescendingly and to amuse; but what has become clear is how little we really know about this people. In a concerted effort to uncover the modern history of the Rom in Eastern Europe, the authors examine the Gypsy experience in Albania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Yugoslavia, with special attention to the Nazi Holocaust as well as to the record of the forced settlement and education programmes instituted by communist regimes.

Jewish and Romani Families in the Holocaust and its Aftermath

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Publisher : Rutgers University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781978819528
Pages : 204 pages
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Rating : 4.9/5 (788 users download)


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Summary Book Review Jewish and Romani Families in the Holocaust and its Aftermath :

Download or read book Jewish and Romani Families in the Holocaust and its Aftermath written by Eliyana R. Adler and published by Rutgers University Press. This book was released on 2020-10-16 with total page 204 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Diaries, testimonies and memoirs of the Holocaust often include at least as much on the family as on the individual. Victims of the Nazi regime experienced oppression and made decisions embedded within families. Even after the war, sole survivors often described their losses and rebuilt their lives with a distinct focus on family. Yet this perspective is lacking in academic analyses. In this work, scholars from the United States, Israel, and across Europe bring a variety of backgrounds and disciplines to their study of the Holocaust and its aftermath from the family perspective. Drawing on research from Belarus to Great Britain, and examining both Jewish and Romani families, they demonstrate the importance of recognizing how people continued to function within family units—broadly defined—throughout the war and afterward.

Weeping Violins

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Publisher : Truman State University Press
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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015037336594
Pages : 135 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (91 users download)


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Summary Book Review Weeping Violins :

Download or read book Weeping Violins written by Betty Alt and published by Truman State University Press. This book was released on 1996 with total page 135 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Weeping Violins provides a history of the Gypsy people in Europe. Betty Alt and Silvia Folts trace the origins of the Gyspsy people and tell the story of their expansion, treatment by other ethnic groups, and struggles during the Holocaust. The book sheds light on Gypsy treatment at the hands of Nazi soldiers, and the struggle to have Gypsy experiences recognized by Jewish leaders and scholars of the Holocaust. Contents: Preface; Centuries of Persecution; Ominous Signs; A Deadly Journey; The Effort of Survival; Gypsy Genocide; Free at Last; The "Gypsy Problem" Continues; Epilogue.

Perpetrators

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780190661151
Pages : 256 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (96 users download)


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Summary Book Review Perpetrators :

Download or read book Perpetrators written by Guenter Lewy and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017-07-03 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions." Primo Levi's words disclose a chilling truth: assigning blame to hideous political leaders, such as Hitler, Himmler, and Heydrich, is necessary but not sufficient to explain how the Holocaust could have happened. These leaders, in fact, relied on many thousands of ordinary men and women who made the Nazi machine work on a daily basis--members of the killing squads, guards accompanying the trains to the extermination camps, civilian employees of the SS, the drivers of gas trucks, and the personnel of death factories such as Auschwitz. Why did these ordinary people collaborate and willingly become mass murderers? In Perpetrators: The World of the Holocaust Killers, Guenter Lewy tries to answer one of history's most disturbing questions. Lewy draws on a wealth of previously untapped sources, including letters and diaries of soldiers who served in Russia, the recollections of Jewish survivors, archival documents, and most importantly, the trial records of hundreds of Nazi functionaries. The result is a ghastly, extraordinarily detailed portrait of the Holocaust perpetrators, their mindset, and the motivations for their actions. Combining a rigorous historical analysis with psychological insight, the book explores the dynamics of participation in large-scale atrocities, offering a thought-provoking and timely reflection on individual responsibility for collective crimes. Lewy concludes that the perpetrators acted out of a variety of motives--a sense of duty, obedience to authority, thirst for career, and a blind faith in anti-Semitic ideology, among others. A witness to the 1938 Kristallnacht himself and the son of a concentration camp survivor, Lewy has searched for the reasons of the Holocaust out of far more than theoretical interest: it is a passionate attempt to illuminate a dismal chapter of his life--and of human history--that cannot be forgotten.

Sinti and Roma in Germany (1871-1933)

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Publisher : Routledge
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781351185493
Pages : 146 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (511 users download)


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Summary Book Review Sinti and Roma in Germany (1871-1933) :

Download or read book Sinti and Roma in Germany (1871-1933) written by Simon Constantine and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2020-07-07 with total page 146 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book concerns the persecution of the Sinti and Roma in Germany during the Second Empire (1871–1918) and Weimar Republic (1919–1933). It traces the ways in which discriminatory treatment towards 'Gypsies' developed in a state ostensibly committed to individual liberty and equal treatment under the law, and how government policies in this period furthered their economic marginalisation and social exclusion. It will provide much-needed detail on a crucial period, one which is ordinarily addressed only fleetingly, and by way of introduction, to studies of how the Sinti and Roma communities were treated by National Socialists.

The Gypsies During the Second World War: In the shadow of the swastika. Gypsies in Italy during the Fascist dictatorship and the Second World War

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Publisher : Univ of Hertfordshire Press
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 0900458852
Pages : 228 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (588 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Gypsies During the Second World War: In the shadow of the swastika. Gypsies in Italy during the Fascist dictatorship and the Second World War :

Download or read book The Gypsies During the Second World War: In the shadow of the swastika. Gypsies in Italy during the Fascist dictatorship and the Second World War written by Karola Fings and published by Univ of Hertfordshire Press. This book was released on 1997 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The second text in a three-volume series in the Interface Collection, based on the latest research into the racial theories which underlay the suffering of the Gypsies in the Holocaust and their fate in the death camps in the occupied countries of Hitler's Europe.