War, Peace, and Human Nature

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780190232467
Pages : 584 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (92 users download)


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Summary Book Review War, Peace, and Human Nature :

Download or read book War, Peace, and Human Nature written by Douglas P. Fry and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2015-02-01 with total page 584 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Have humans always waged war? Is warring an ancient evolutionary adaptation or a relatively recent behavior--and what does that tell us about human nature? In War, Peace, and Human Nature, editor Douglas P. Fry brings together leading experts in such fields as evolutionary biology, archaeology, anthropology, and primatology to answer fundamental questions about peace, conflict, and human nature in an evolutionary context. The chapters in this book demonstrate that humans clearly have the capacity to make war, but since war is absent in some cultures, it cannot be viewed as a human universal. And counter to frequent presumption the actual archaeological record reveals the recent emergence of war. It does not typify the ancestral type of human society, the nomadic forager band, and contrary to widespread assumptions, there is little support for the idea that war is ancient or an evolved adaptation. Views of human nature as inherently warlike stem not from the facts but from cultural views embedded in Western thinking. Drawing upon evolutionary and ecological models; the archaeological record of the origins of war; nomadic forager societies past and present; the value and limitations of primate analogies; and the evolution of agonism, including restraint; the chapters in this interdisciplinary volume refute many popular generalizations and effectively bring scientific objectivity to the culturally and historically controversial subjects of war, peace, and human nature.

Religion, Pacifism, and Nonviolence

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Publisher : Springer
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9783319950105
Pages : 162 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (199 users download)


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Summary Book Review Religion, Pacifism, and Nonviolence :

Download or read book Religion, Pacifism, and Nonviolence written by James Kellenberger and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-08-27 with total page 162 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is about religion, pacifism, and the nonviolence that informs pacifism in its most coherent form. Pacifism is one religious approach to war and violence. Another is embodied in just war theories, and both pacifism and just war thinking are critically examined. Although moral support for pacifism is presented, a main focus of the book is on religious support for pacifism, found in various religious traditions. A crucial distinction for pacifism is that between force and violence. Pacifism informed by nonviolence excludes violence, but, the book argues, allows forms of force. Peacekeeping is an activity that on the face of it seems compatible with pacifism, and several different forms of peacekeeping are examined. The implications of nonviolence for the treatment of nonhuman animals are also examined. Two models for attaining the conditions required for a world without war have been proposed. Both are treated and one, the model of a biological human family, is developed. The book concludes with reflections on the role of pacifism in each of five possible futurescapes.

Nurturing Our Humanity

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Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
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ISBN 10 : 9780190935726
Pages : 376 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (99 users download)


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Summary Book Review Nurturing Our Humanity :

Download or read book Nurturing Our Humanity written by Riane Eisler and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2019 with total page 376 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Nurturing Our Humanity offers a new perspective on our personal and social options in today's world, showing how we can build societies that support our great human capacities for consciousness, caring, and creativity. It brings together findings--largely overlooked--from the natural and social sciences debunking the popular idea that we are hard-wired for selfishness, war, rape, and greed. Its groundbreaking new approach reveals connections between disturbing trends like climate change denial and regressions to strongman rule. Moving past right vs. left, religious vs. secular, Eastern vs. Western, and other familiar categories that do not include our formative parent-child and gender relations, it looks at where societies fall on the partnership-domination scale. On one end is the domination system that ranks man over man, man over woman, race over race, and man over nature. On the other end is the more peaceful, egalitarian, gender-balanced, and sustainable partnership system. Nurturing Our Humanity explores how behaviors, values, and socio-economic institutions develop differently in these two environments, documents how this impacts nothing less than how our brains develop, examines cultures from this new perspective (including societies that for millennia oriented toward partnership), and proposes actions supporting the contemporary movement in this more life-sustaining and enhancing direction. It shows how through today's ever more fearful, frenzied, and greed-driven technologies of destruction and exploitation, the domination system may lead us to an evolutionary dead end. A more equitable and sustainable way of life is biologically possible and culturally attainable: we can change our course.

Christian Attitudes to War, Peace, and Revolution

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Publisher : Brazos Press
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781587432316
Pages : 472 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (874 users download)


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Summary Book Review Christian Attitudes to War, Peace, and Revolution :

Download or read book Christian Attitudes to War, Peace, and Revolution written by John Howard Yoder and published by Brazos Press. This book was released on 2009-04-01 with total page 472 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: One of the most important thinkers on just war and pacifism describes, analyzes, and evaluates various patterns of thought and practice in Western Christian history.

Human Nature and the War System

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Publisher :
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ISBN 10 : LCCN:2020780536
Pages : 2 pages
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Rating : 4.:/5 (22 users download)


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Summary Book Review Human Nature and the War System :

Download or read book Human Nature and the War System written by Edwin D. Mead and published by . This book was released on 1914* with total page 2 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780198795025
Pages : 303 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (987 users download)


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Summary Book Review The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace :

Download or read book The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace written by Azar Gat and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2017 with total page 303 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why do humans go to war? Have we been waging war ever since we first existed as a species? Is a propensity to wage war part of what it is to be human, or more a result of the evolution of human society? And has there been a decline in war-making over time - or is this just a pious hope?Azar Gat here draws together insights from evolutionary theory, anthropology, history, historical sociology, and political science to address these fundamental questions about the history of our species - the answers to which also have big implications for our species' future survival.The book reveals that theories regarding the recent decline of war, such as the "democratic peace" and "capitalist peace", capture merely elements of a broader Modernization Peace that has been growing since the onset of the industrial age in the early 19th century.

A Cultural History of Peace in the Modern Age

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781350179851
Pages : 256 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (51 users download)


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Summary Book Review A Cultural History of Peace in the Modern Age :

Download or read book A Cultural History of Peace in the Modern Age written by Ronald Edsforth and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2022-02-24 with total page 256 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A Cultural History of Peace presents an authoritative survey from ancient times to the present. The set of six volumes covers over 2500 years of history, charting the evolving nature and role of peace throughout history. This volume, A Cultural History of Peace in the Modern Age, explores peace in the period from 1920 to the present. As with all the volumes in the illustrated Cultural History of Peace set, this volume presents essays on the meaning of peace, peace movements, maintaining peace, peace in relation to gender, religion and war and representations of peace. A Cultural History of Peace in the Modern Age is the most authoritative and comprehensive survey available on peace in the twentieth and twentieth century.

Justice and Warfare in Aboriginal Australia

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Publisher : Lexington Books
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781793632326
Pages : 290 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (936 users download)


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Summary Book Review Justice and Warfare in Aboriginal Australia :

Download or read book Justice and Warfare in Aboriginal Australia written by Christophe Darmangeat and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2020-11-12 with total page 290 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Meticulously examining ethnographic sources, Christophe Darmangeat argues that warfare among Australian Aborigines was mostly an extension of their judicial systems. He demonstrates how violent conflict occurred when circumstances prohibited regulated proceedings.

A Cultural History of Peace in Antiquity

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9781350102750
Pages : 224 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (51 users download)


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Summary Book Review A Cultural History of Peace in Antiquity :

Download or read book A Cultural History of Peace in Antiquity written by Sheila L. Ager and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2022-02-24 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A Cultural History of Peace presents an authoritative survey from ancient times to the present. The set of six volumes covers over 2500 years of history, charting the evolving nature and role of peace throughout history. This volume, A Cultural History of Peace in Antiquity, explores peace in the period from 500 BC to 800 AD. As with all the volumes in the illustrated Cultural History of Peace set, this volume presents essays on the meaning of peace, peace movements, maintaining peace, peace in relation to gender, religion and war and representations of peace. A Cultural History of Peace in Antiquity is the most authoritative and comprehensive survey available on peace in the classical era.

Shadow Sophia

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780192581525
Pages : 288 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (925 users download)


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Summary Book Review Shadow Sophia :

Download or read book Shadow Sophia written by Celia E. Deane-Drummond and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2021-02-25 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Why do humans who seem to be exemplars of virtue also have the capacity to act in atrocious ways? What are the roots of tendencies for sin and evil? A popular assumption is that it is our animalistic natures that are responsible for human immorality and sin, while our moral nature curtails and contains such tendencies through human powers of freedom and higher reason. This book challenges such assumptions as being far too simplistic. Through a careful engagement with evolutionary and psychological literature, Celia Deane-Drummond argues that tendencies towards vice are, more often than not, distortions of the very virtues that are capable of making us good. After beginning with Augustine's classic theory of original sin, the book probes the philosophical implications of sin's origins in dialogue with the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur. Different vices are treated in both individual and collective settings in keeping with a multispecies approach. Areas covered include selfishness, pride, violence, anger, injustice, greed, envy, gluttony, deception, lying, lust, despair, anxiety, and sloth. The work of Thomas Aquinas helps to illuminate and clarify much of this discussion on vice, including those vices which are more distinctive for human persons in community with other beings. Such an approach amounts to a search for the shadow side of human nature, shadow sophia. Facing that shadow is part of a fuller understanding of what makes us human and thus this book is a contribution to both theological anthropology and theological ethics.

Waging War

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Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
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Language : EN, FR, GB
ISBN 10 : 9780199797455
Pages : 560 pages
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Rating : 4.1/5 (997 users download)


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Summary Book Review Waging War :

Download or read book Waging War written by Wayne E. Lee and published by Oxford University Press, USA. This book was released on 2015-09-01 with total page 560 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Waging War: Conflict, Culture, and Innovation in World History provides a wide-ranging examination of war in human history, from the beginning of the species until the current rise of the so-called Islamic State. Although it covers many societies throughout time, the book does not attempt to tell all stories from all places, nor does it try to narrate "important" conflicts. Instead, author Wayne E. Lee describes the emergence of military innovations and systems, examining how they were created and then how they moved or affected other societies. These innovations are central to most historical narratives, including the development of social complexity, the rise of the state, the role of the steppe horseman, the spread of gunpowder, the rise of the west, the bureaucratization of military institutions, the industrial revolution and the rise of firepower, strategic bombing and nuclear weapons, and the creation of "people's war."

Human Beings in International Relations

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781316369043
Pages : pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (163 users download)


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Summary Book Review Human Beings in International Relations :

Download or read book Human Beings in International Relations written by Daniel Jacobi and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2015-09-11 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Since the 1980s, the discipline of International Relations has seen a series of disputes over its foundations. However, there has been one core concept that, although addressed in various guises, had never been explicitly and systematically engaged with in these debates: the human. This volume is the first to address comprehensively the topic of the human in world politics. It comprises cutting-edge accounts by leading scholars of how the human is (or is not) theorized across the entire range of IR theories, old and new. The authors provide a solid foundation for future debates about how, why, and to which ends the human has been or must (not) be built into our theories, and systematically lay out the implications of such moves for how we come to see world politics and humanity's role within it.

Nonkilling Anthropology

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ISBN 10 : 9798467846811
Pages : 191 pages
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Rating : 4.4/5 (678 users download)


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Summary Book Review Nonkilling Anthropology :

Download or read book Nonkilling Anthropology written by Leslie Elmer Sponsel and published by . This book was released on 2021 with total page 191 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Inspired by Paige, this book explores the mutual relevance of anthropology, nonkilling, and peace studies, and their synergy. All three are maturing in their development with increasing potential for benefiting society and humanity. Nonkilling as one focus in anthropological research and teaching can help generate inspiring new knowledge, understanding, and insights with significant practical as well as theoretical relevance.

The War-Peace Establishment

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Publisher : Arthur Herzog III
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ISBN 10 : 9780595277612
Pages : 288 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (952 users download)


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Summary Book Review The War-Peace Establishment :

Download or read book The War-Peace Establishment written by Arthur Herzog, III and published by Arthur Herzog III. This book was released on 2003-04 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: There has come to exist in the United States, as a result of the cold war, a body of specialists accustomed to dealing with issues of war and peace which may be described as a war-peace establishment. It is clear that there are important divisions of viewpoint in the United States, especially among those who have concerned themselves most with it, on the question of what to do about the threat of thermonuclear war. To some, risks must not be run; to others, great risks must be taken; and to still others, we have reached the point of absurdity either way. What gives urgency to the debates, then, is not only the seriousness of the present situation, but also the question of how to avoid the cold war's recurrence. It may be that a cold warless world will require that we reshape a host of notions concerning war, peace, and the future.

War, Peace, and Violence: Four Christian Views

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Publisher : InterVarsity Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781514002353
Pages : 188 pages
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Rating : 4.5/5 (14 users download)


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Summary Book Review War, Peace, and Violence: Four Christian Views :

Download or read book War, Peace, and Violence: Four Christian Views written by Paul Copan and published by InterVarsity Press. This book was released on 2022-09-13 with total page 188 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In a world of war, terrorism, and constant threats to global stability, how should Christians honor Jesus Christ? Four experts in Christian ethics, political philosophy, and international affairs present four different views of just war, nonviolence, Christian realism, and church history, orienting readers to today's key positions.

A Veblen Treasury: From Leisure Class to War, Peace and Capitalism

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317477891
Pages : 434 pages
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Rating : 4.3/5 (174 users download)


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Summary Book Review A Veblen Treasury: From Leisure Class to War, Peace and Capitalism :

Download or read book A Veblen Treasury: From Leisure Class to War, Peace and Capitalism written by Rick Tilman and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2015-04-29 with total page 434 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: First Published in 2015. Thorstein Veblen (1857-1929) was a contemporary of John Dewey and C.S. Peirce and ranks as one of the seminal minds of his generation of American thinkers in economics and sociology. He was a caustic critic of American business culture and his prose being peppered with Latin vocabulary might have made his ideas difficult to comprehend to the layperson. This collection of his writings looks at Veblen's works, main concepts and enables the reader to sample the broad spectrum of his thought and to reach his or her own conclusions regarding its present relevance.

War, Peace and Reconciliation

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Publisher : ISD LLC
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ISBN 10 : 9780718844707
Pages : 184 pages
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Rating : 4.7/5 (188 users download)


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Summary Book Review War, Peace and Reconciliation :

Download or read book War, Peace and Reconciliation written by Weber Theodore R and published by ISD LLC. This book was released on 2016-10-27 with total page 184 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: War, Peace, and Reconciliation invites Christians and their churches into a dialogue regarding how to think about war from a standpoint rooted in faith. It asks how reconciliation, which is central to Christian life and doctrine, can engage with therealities of war without surrendering its fundamental affirmations. Theodore Weber defines these realities politically by discussing the meanings of power, peace as a particular organisation of power, and the international system. The study of war and politics is unavoidable, as is engagement with reconciliation, because all human activity exists in the context of the gracious work of God to renew and reconcile the fallen creation. Weber's inquiry is theocentric and christocentric. It culminates in a stirring call to churches to examine all their practices in the light of this perspective.